Why is it so much harder for American same-sex couples to get married than it is for them to adopt children? And why does our military prevent gays from serving openly even though jurisdictions nationwide continue to render such discrimination illegal? Illuminating the conditions that engender these contradictory policies, Same Sex, Different Politics explains why gay rights advocates have achieved dramatically different levels of success from one policy area to another.
The first book to compare results across a wide range of gay rights struggles, this volume explores debates over laws governing military service, homosexual conduct, adoption, marriage and partner recognition, hate crimes, and civil rights. It reveals that in each area, the gay rights movement’s achievements depend both on Americans’ perceptions of its demands and on the political venue in which the conflict plays out. Adoption policy, for example, generally takes shape in a decentralized system of courts that enables couples to target sympathetic judges, while fights for gay marriage generally culminate in legislation or ballot referenda against which it is easier to mount opposition. Brilliantly synthesizing all the factors that contribute to each kind of outcome, Same Sex, Different Politics establishes a new framework for understanding the trajectory of a movement.
About the Author
Gary Mucciaroni is professor of political science at Temple University and a coauthor of Deliberative Choices, also published by the University of Chicago Press.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Issues, Institutions, and Threats
Chapter 2 Defining the Threats from Gay Rights
Chapter 3 Advocating Gay Rights
Chapter 4 Legalizing Homosexual Conduct
Chapter 5 Adoption
Chapter 6 Military Service
Chapter 7 Marriage, Civil Rights, and Hate Crimes
Chapter 8 Conclusion