Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle

Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle

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Overview

Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle by Virginia T. McLemore



Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle provides an overview of sampling for environmental purposes and monitoring of environmentally relevant variables at mining sites. It focuses on environmental sampling and monitoring of surface water, and also considers groundwater, process water streams, rock, soil, and other media including air and biological organisms. The handbook includes an appendix of technical summaries written by subject-matter experts that describe field measurements, collection methods, and analytical techniques and procedures relevant to environmental sampling and monitoring.

The sixth of a series of handbooks on technologies for management of metal mine and metallurgical process drainage, this handbook supplements and enhances current literature and provides an awareness of the critical components and complexities involved in environmental sampling and monitoring at the mine site. It differs from most information sources by providing an approach to address all types of mining influenced water and other sampling media throughout the mine life cycle.

Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle is organized into a main text and six appendices that are an integral part of the handbook. Sidebars and illustrations are included to provide additional detail about important concepts, to present examples and brief case studies, and to suggest resources for further information. Extensive references are included.



Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780873353557
Publisher: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration
Publication date: 05/28/2014
Series: Management Technologies for Metal Mining Influenced Water Series , #6
Pages: 208
Product dimensions: 7.20(w) x 10.10(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xiii

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

1.1 Synopsis 1

1.2 Organization of This Handbook 1

1.3 Role of this Handbook 2

1.4 Importance of Defining Questions 3

1.5 Sampling and Monitoring for Closure 4

1.6 Terminology 4

Chapter 2 Sampling and Monitoring During the Mining Phases 9

2.1 Introduction 9

2.2 Exploration (Premining/Undisturbed) 9

2.3 Mine Development 18

2.4 Operations 21

2.5 Closure/Postclosure 25

2.6 Historical, Inactive, and Abanboned Mines 26

2.7 Summary 28

Chapter 3 Sampling Considerations in the Mining Environment 33

3.1 Introduction 33

3.2 Sampling Overview 37

3.3 Water Sampling Considerations 39

3.4 Solid Sampling Considerations 52

3.5 Drillhole/Borehole Sampling Considerations 70

3.6 Biological Sampling Considerations-Aquatic 73

3.7 Air Sampling Considerations 76

3.8 Quality Assurance/Quality Control Considerations 77

3.9 Analytical Chemistry Considerations 84

3.10 Contamination Considerations 86

3.11 Sample Preservation, Handling, and Storage Considerations 88

3.12 Summary 88

3.13 Internet Resources 90

Chapter 4 Decision Making, Risk, and Uncertainty 111

4.1 Introduction 111

4.2 Risk 112

4.3 International Guidance Document Commonalities 122

4.4 Summary 129

Chapter 5 The Planning Process 133

5.1 Introduction 133

5.2 Define Questions and Objectives 133

5.3 Develop Site Conceptual Models 136

5.4 Conceptual Models for Numerical Modeling 139

5.5 Summary 143

Chapter 6 Sampling and Monitoring Program Implementation 145

6.1 Introduction 145

6.2 Sampling and Monitoring Plan 146

6.3 Sampling Design and the Sampling Plan Document 149

6.4 Conduct the Pilot Study 150

6.5 Implement The Sampling and Monitoring Plan (Program Implementation) 151

6.6 Summary 151

Chapter 7 Data Management, Assessment, and Analysis for Decision Making 153

7.1 Introduction 153

7.2 Data Management 153

7.3 Analysis and Assessment of Data 155

7.4 Data Presentation 158

7.5 Data Interpretation 160

7.6 Decision-Making Process 164

7.7 Summary 169

7.8 Internet Resources 169

Chapter 8 Additional Key Issues and Future Research Needs 171

8.1 Introduction 171

8.2 Slope Stability and Failure 171

8.3 Tailings Impoundments 172

8.4 Subsidence 173

8.5 Mine Openings 174

8.6 Climate Change 174

8.7 Sampling and Monitoring in Other Countries 177

8.8 Future Research Needs and Topics 177

The following appendices are contained on the CD-ROM.

Appendix 1 Selected Online Resources for Sampling, Monitoring, and Analytical Chemistry Methods

Appendix 2 Summary of Selected ASTM Methods

Appendix 3 Summary of Field Sampling and Analytical Methods with Bibliography

Appendix 4 Examples of Sampling Plans and Quality Assurance Project Plans

Appendix 5 Case Studies of Sampling and Monitoring

Appendix 6 Applications and Examples of Geo-Environmental Models (GEMs) at Mine Sites

Index 181

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