Pub. Date:
Springer International Publishing
Scalar Wave Driven Energy Applications

Scalar Wave Driven Energy Applications

by Bahman ZohuriBahman Zohuri
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This book discusses innovations in the field of Directed Energy (DE) and presents new technologies and innovative approaches for use in energy production for possible Underwater Communication, Directed Energy Weapons Applications and at lower wave energy for Medical Applications as well. In-depth chapters explore the challenges related to the study of energy produced from Scalar Longitudinal Wave (SLW). Topics related to Scalar Longitudinal Waves (SLW) and their various applications in the energy, medical, and military sector are discussed along with principles of Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) and theory, weapon applications of SLW, as well as SLW driven propulsion via an all-electronic engine, and for underwater communications. Scalar Wave Driven Energy Applications offers a unique solution for students, researchers, and engineers seeking a viable alternative to traditional approaches for energy production.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783030081577
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
Publication date: 01/04/2019
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2019
Pages: 569
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

About the Author

Dr. Bahman Zohuri currently works for Galaxy Advanced Engineering, Inc., a consulting firm that he started in 1991 when he left both the semiconductor and defense industries after many years working as a chief scientist. After graduating from the University of Illinois in the field of physics, applied mathematics, then he went to the University of New Mexico, where he studied nuclear engineering and mechanical engineering. He joined Westinghouse Electric Corporation, where he performed thermal hydraulic analysis and studied natural circulation in an inherent shutdown, heat removal system (ISHRS) in the core of a liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) as a secondary fully inherent shutdown system for secondary loop heat exchange. All these designs were used in nuclear safety and reliability engineering for a sel4-actuated shutdown system. He designed a mercury heat pipe and electromagnetic pumps for large pool concepts of a LMFBR for heat rejection purposes for this reactor around 1978, when he received a patent for it. He was subsequently transferred to the defense division of Westinghouse, where he oversaw dynamic analysis and methods of launching and controlling MX missiles from canisters. The results were applied to MX launch seal performance and muzzle blast phenomena analysis (i.e., missile vibration and hydrodynamic shock formation). Dr. Zohuri was also involved in analytical calculations and computations in the study of nonlinear ion waves in rarefying plasma. The results were applied to the propagation of so-called soliton waves and the resulting charge collector traces in the rarefaction characterization of the corona of laser-irradiated target pellets. As part of his graduate research work at Argonne National Laboratory, he performed computations and programming of multi-exchange integrals in surface physics and solid-state physics. He earned various patents in areas such as diffusion processes and diffusion furnace design while working as a senior process engineer at various semiconductor companies, such as Intel Corp., Varian Medical Systems, and National Semiconductor Corporation. He later joined Lockheed Martin Missile and Aerospace Corporation as Senior Chief Scientist and oversaw research and development (R&D) and the study of the vulnerability, survivability, and both radiation and laser hardening of different components of the Strategic Defense Initiative, known as Star Wars.

This included payloads (i.e., IR sensor) for the Defense Support Program, the Boost Surveillance and Tracking System, and Space Surveillance and Tracking Satellite against laser and nuclear threats. While at Lockheed Martin, he also performed analyses of laser beam characteristics and nuclear radiation interactions with materials, transient radiation effects in electronics, electromagnetic pulses, system-generated electromagnetic pulses, single-event upset, blast, thermo-mechanical, hardness assurance, maintenance, and device technology.

He spent several years as a consultant at Galaxy Advanced Engineering serving Sandia National Laboratories, where he supported the development of operational hazard assessments for the Air Force Safety Center in collaboration with other researchers and third parties. Ultimately, the results were included in Air Force Instructions issued specifically for directed energy weapons operational safety. He completed the first version of a comprehensive library of detailed laser tools for airborne lasers, advanced tactical lasers, tactical high-energy lasers, and mobile/ tactical high-energy lasers, for example.

He also oversaw SDI computer programs, in connection with Battle Management C3I and artificial intelligence, and autonomous systems. He is the author of several publications and holds several patents, such as for a laser-activated radioactive decay and results of a through-bulkhead initiator. He has published the following works: Heat Pipe Design and Technology: A Practical Approach (CRC Press); Dimensional Analysis and Sel4-Similarity Methods for Engineering and Scientists (Springer); High Energy Laser (HEL): Tomorrow’s Weapon in Directed Energy Weapons Volume I (Trafford Publishing Company); and recently the book on the subject Directed Energy Weapons and Physics of High Energy Laser with Springer. He has other books with Springer Publishing Company; Thermodynamics in Nuclear Power Plant Systems (Springer); and Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis of Nuclear Reactors (Springer) and many others that they can be found in most universities technical library or they can be seen on Internet or

He is presently holding position of Research Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM and continue his research on Neural Science Technology and its application in Super Artificial Intelligence, where he has published series of book in this subject as well his research on Scalar Waves, which result of his research is present book.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Foundation of Electromagnetic Theory
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Vector Analysis
1.2.1 Vector Algebra
1.2.2 Vector Gradient
1.2.3 Vector Integration
1.2.4 Vector Divergence
1.2.5 Vector Curl
1.2.6 Vector Differential Operator
1.3 Further Developments
1.4 Electrostatics
1.4.1 The Coulomb's Law
1.4.2 The Electric Field
1.4.3 The Gauss's Law
1.5 Solution of Electrostatic Problems
1.5.1 Poisson's Equation
1.5.2 Laplace's Equation
1.6 Electrostatic Energy
1.6.1 Potential Energy of a Group of Point Charges
1.6.2 Electrostatic Energy of a Charge Distribution
1.6.3 Forces and Torques
1.7 Maxwell's Equations Descriptions
1.8 Time-Independent Maxwell Equations1.8.1 Coulomb’s Law
1.8.2 The Electric Scalar Potential
1.8.3 Gauss’s Law
1.8.4 Poisson’s Equation
1.8.5 Ampere’s Experiments
1.8.6 The Lorentz Force
1.8.7 Ampere’s Law
1.8.8 Magnetic Monopoles
1.8.9 Ampere’s Circuital Law
1.8.10 Helmholtz’s Theorem
1.8.11 The Magnetic Vector Potential
1.8.12 The Biot-Savart Law
1.8.13 Electrostatics and Magnetostatics
1.9 Time-Dependent Maxwell Equations
1.9.1 Faraday’s Law
1.9.2 Electric Scalar Potential
1.9.3 Gauge Transformations
1.9.4 The Displacement Current
1.9.5 Potential Formulation
1.9.6 Electromagnetic Waves
1.9.7 Green’s Functions
1.9.8 Retarded Potentials
1.9.9 Advanced Potentials
1.9.10 Retarded Fields
1.9.11 Summary
1.10 References
Chapter 2: Maxwell’s Equations - The Generalization of Ampere-Maxwell’s Law
2.1 Introduction
2.2 The Permeability of Free Space µ0
2.3 The Generalization of Ampere’s Law with Displacement Current
2.4 The Electromagnetic Induction
2.5 The Electromagnetic Energy and Poynting Vector
2.6 Simple Classical Mechanics Systems and Fields
2.7 Lagrangian and Hamiltonian of Relativistic Mechanics2.7.1 Four-Dimensional Velocity
2.7.2 Energy and Momentum in Relativistic Mechanics
2.8 Lorentz vs. Galilean Transformation
2.9 The Structure of Spacetime, Interval, and Diagram
2.9.1 Space-Time or Minkowski Diagram
2.9.2 Time Dilation
2.9.3 Time Interval
2.9.4 The Invariant Interval
2.9.5 Lorentz Contraction Length
2.10 References
Chapter 3: All About Wave Equations3.1 Introduction
3.2 The Classical Wave Equation and Separation of Variables
3.3 Standing Waves
3.4 Seiche wave
3.4.1 Lake Seiche
3.4.2 See and Bay Seiche
3.5 Underwater or Internal Waves
3.6 Maxwell’s Equations and Electromagnetic Waves
3.7 Scalar and Vector Potentials
3.8 Gauge Transformations, Lorentz Gauge, and Coulomb Gauge
3.9 Infrastructure, Characteristic, Derivation, and Properties of Scalar Waves3.9.1 Derivation of the Scalar Waves
3.9.2 Wave Energy
3.9.3 The Particles or Charge Field Expression
3.9.4 Particle Energy
3.9.5 Velocity
3.9.6 The Magnetic Field
3.9.7 The Scalar Field
3.9.8 Scalar Fields, from Classical Electromagnetism to Quantum Mechanics Scalar Interactions Quantum Gauge Invariance Gauge Invariant Phase Difference The Matrix of Space-Time
3.9.9 Our Body Works with Scalar Waves
3.9.10 Scalar Waves Superweapon Conspiracy Theory
3.9.11 Deployment of Superweapon Scalar Wave Drive by Interferometer Paradigm Wireless Transmission of Energy at a Distance Driven by Interferometry
3.10 The Quantum Waves
3.11 The X-Waves
3.12 The Nonlinear X-Waves
3.13 The Bessel’s Waves
3.14 Generalized Solution to Wave Equation
3.14 ReferencesChapter 4: The Fundamental of Electrodynamics
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Maxwell’s Equations and Electric Field of the Electromagnetic Wave
4.3 The Wave Equations for Electric and Magnetic Field
4.4 Sinusoidal Waves
4.5 Polarization of the Wave
4.6 Monochromatic Plane Waves
4.7 Boundary Conditions: Reflection & Transmission (Refraction) Dielectric Interface
4.8 Electromagnetic Waves in Matter
4.8.1 Propagation in Linear Media
4.8.2 Reflection and Transmission at Normal Incidence
4.8.3 Reflection and Transmission at Oblique Incidence
4.9 Absorption and Dispersion
4.9.1 Electromagnetic Waves in Conductors
4.9.2 Reflection at a Conducting Surface
4.9.3 The Frequency Dependence of Permittivity4.10 Electromagnetic Waves in Conductors
4.11 References
Chapter 5: Deriving Lagrangian Density of Electromagnetic Field
5.1 Introduction
5.2 How the Field Transform
5.3 The Field Tensor
5.4 The Electromagnetic Field Tensor
5.5 The Lagrangian and Hamiltonian For Electromagnetic Fields
5.6 Introduction to Lagrangian Density
5.7 The Euler-Lagrange Equation of Electromagnetic Field
5.7.1 Error-Trial-Final Success5.8 The Formal Structure of Maxwell’s Theory
5.9 References
Chapter 6: Scalar Waves
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Transverse and Longitudinal Waves Descriptions
6.2.1 Pressure Waves and More Details
6.2.2 What are Scalar Longitudinal Waves
6.2.2 Scalar Longitudinal Waves Applications
6.3 Description of Field
6.4 Scalar Wave Description
6.5 Longitudinal Potential Waves
6.6 Transmitters and Receiver for Longitudinal Waves
6.6.1 Scalar Communication System
6.7 Scalar Waves Experiments
6.7.1 Tesla Radiation
6.7.2 Vortex Model Resonant Circuit Interpretation Near Field Interpretation Vortex Interpretation
6.7.4 Experiment
6.7.5 Summary
6.7 References
Appendix A: Relativity and Electromagnetism
A.1 Introduction
A.2 The Formal Structure of Maxwell’s Theory
A.3 References
Appendix B: Schrödinger Wave Equation
B.1 Introduction
B.2 Schrödinger Equation Concept
B.3 The Time-Dependent Schrödinger Equation Concept
B.4 Time-Independent Schrödinger Equation Concept
B.5 A Free Particle inside a Box and Density of State
B.6 Relativistic Spin Zero Parties: Klein-Gordon Equation
B.6.1 AntiparticlesB.6.2 Negative Energy States and Antiparticles
B.6.3 Neutral Particles
B.6 References
Appendix C: Four Vectors and Lorentz Transformation
C.1 Introduction
C.2 Lorentz Transformation Factor Derivation
C.3 Mathematical Properties of the Lorentz Transformation
C.4 Cherenkov Radiation
C.4.1 Arbitrary Cherenkov Emission Angle
C.4.2 Reverse Cherenkov Effect
C.4.3 Cherenkov Radiation CharacteristicsC.4.4 Cherenkov Radiation Applications
C.5 Vacuum Cherenkov Radiation
C.6 Lorentz Invariance and Four-Vectors
C.7 Transformation Laws for Velocities
C.8 Faster Than Speed of Light
C.7 References
Appendix D: Vector Derivatives
D.1 References
Appendix E: Second Order Vector Derivatives
E.1 References

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