Until recently, struggles for justice proceeded against the background of a taken-for-granted frame: the bounded territorial state. With that "Westphalian" picture of political space assumed by default, the scope of justice was rarely subject to open dispute. Today, however, human-rights activists and international feminists join critics of structural adjustment and the World Trade Organization in challenging the view that justice can only be a domestic relation among fellow citizens. Targeting injustices that cut across borders, they are making the scale of justice an object of explicit struggle.
Inspired by these efforts, Nancy Fraser asks: What is the proper frame for theorizing justice? Faced with a plurality of competing scales, how do we know which one is truly just? In exploring these questions, Fraser revises her widely discussed theory of redistribution and recognition. She introduces a third, "political" dimension of justicerepresentationand elaborates a new, reflexive type of critical theory that foregrounds injustices of "misframing." Engaging with thinkers such as Jürgen Habermas, John Rawls, Michel Foucault, and Hannah Arendt, she envisions a "postwestphalian" mapping of political space that accommodates transnational solidarity, transborder publicity, and democratic frame-setting, as well as emancipatory projects that cross borders. The result is a sustained reflection on who should count with respect to what in a globalizing world.
About the Author
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Scales of Justice, the Balance, and the Map
2. Reframing Justice in a Globalizing World
3. Two Dogmas of Egalitarianism
4. Abnormal Justice
5. Transnationalizing the Public Sphere: On the Legitimacy and Efficacy of Public Opinion in a Postwestphalian World
6. Mapping the Feminist Imagination: From Redistribution to Recognition to Representation
7. From Discipline to Flexibilization? Rereading Foucault in the Shadow of Globalization
8. Threats to Humanity in Globalization: Arendtian Reflections on the Twenty-First Century
9. The Politics of Framing: An Interview with Nancy Fraser by Kate Nash and Vikki Bell
What People are Saying About This
Nancy Fraser breaks new ground in rethinking the meaning and consequences of justice in a globalized world. Building upon her earlier work on recognition and redistribution, she forcefully argues that we need to reimagine and reframe a political space of justice that transcends the domain of sovereign territorial states. As always, her essays are vigorous, fresh, lucid, and provocative. A must for anyone interested in a cutting edge critical theory of justice.
Combining conceptual clarity with political imagination, Nancy Fraser breaks new ground for a critical theory of justice in an era of globalization. On the basis of a comprehensive analysis of relations of injustice in three dimensions, she asks us to reconsider traditional conceptions of who owes what to whom. A much-needed guide to the largely unknown territory of a just global order.
In this lucid and tightly argued book, Nancy Fraser raises the question of how to think about justice when the increasing salience of transnational and subnational processes makes state-centric conceptions of social justice less tenable. A serious engagement with these questions should be central for anyone concerned with social justice, regardless of whether we agree with Fraser's thoughtful answers.
A groundbreaking collection of essays by a major force in contemporary critical social theory. They are not only full of important insights into our contemporary, post-socialist, post-Westphalian historical situation, they are also thoroughly researched, carefully constructed, and rigorously and incisively argued. This is Nancy Fraser at her best.