Scaling, Self-similarity, and Intermediate Asymptotics: Dimensional Analysis and Intermediate Asymptotics / Edition 1 available in Paperback
- Pub. Date:
- Cambridge University Press
Scaling (power-type) laws reveal the fundamental property of the phenomenaself similarity. Self-similar (scaling) phenomena repeat themselves in time and/or space. The property of self-similarity simplifies substantially the mathematical modeling of phenomena and its analysisexperimental, analytical and computational. The book begins from a non-traditional exposition of dimensional analysis, physical similarity theory and general theory of scaling phenomena. Classical examples of scaling phenomena are presented. It is demonstrated that scaling comes on a stage when the influence of fine details of initial and/or boundary conditions disappeared but the system is still far from ultimate equilibrium state (intermediate asymptotics). It is explained why the dimensional analysis as a rule is insufficient for establishing self-similarity and constructing scaling variables. Important examples of scaling phenomena for which the dimensional analysis is insufficient (self-similarities of the second kind) are presented and discussed. A close connection of intermediate asymptotics and self-similarities of the second kind with a fundamental concept of theoretical physics, the renormalization group, is explained and discussed. Numerous examples from various fieldsfrom theoretical biology to fracture mechanics, turbulence, flame propagation, flow in porous strata, atmospheric and oceanic phenomena are presented for which the ideas of scaling, intermediate asymptotics, self-similarity and renormalization group were of decisive value in modeling.
About the Author
G. I. Barenblatt is Emeritus G. I. Taylor Professor of Fluid Mechanics at the University of Cambridge, Emeritus Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and Principal Scientist in the Institute of Oceanology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.
Table of Contents
Preface; Introduction; 1. Dimensions, dimensional analysis and similarity; 2. The application of dimensional analysis to the construction of intermediate asymptotic solutions to problems of mathematical physics. Self-similar solutions; 3. Self-similarities of the second kind: first examples; 4. Self-similarities of the second kind: further examples; 5. Classification of similarity rules and self-similarity solutions. Recipe for application of similarity analysis; 6. Scaling and transformation groups. Renormalization groups. 7. Self-similar solutions and travelling waves; 8. Invariant solutions: special problems of the theory; 9. Scaling in deformation and fracture in solids; 10. Scaling in turbulence; 11. Scaling in geophysical fluid dynamics; 12. Scaling: miscellaneous special problems.