Scepticism and Perceptual Justification

Scepticism and Perceptual Justification

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Overview


One of the hardest problems in the history of Western philosophy has been to explain whether and how experience can provide knowledge (or even justification for belief) about the objective world outside the experiencer's mind. A prominent brand of scepticism has precisely denied that experience can provide such knowledge. How, for instance (these sceptics ask) can I know that my experiences are not produced in me by a powerful demon (or, in a modern twist on that traditional Cartesian scenario, by a supercomputer)? This volume, originating from the research project on Basic Knowledge recently concluded at the Northern Institute of Philosophy, presents new essays on scepticism about the senses written by some of the most prominent contemporary epistemologists. They approach the sceptical challenge by discussing such topics as the conditions for perceptual justification, the existence of a non-evidential kind of warrant and the extent of one's evidence, the epistemology of inference, the relations between justification, probability and certainty, the relevance of subjective appearances to the epistemology of perception, the role that broadly pragmatic considerations play in epistemic justification, the contents of perception, and the function of attention. In all these cases, the papers show how philosophical progress on foundational issues can improve our understanding of and possibly afford a solution to a historically prominent problem like scepticism.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199658343
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 06/10/2014
Pages: 384
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author



Dylan Dodd has held postdoctoral fellowships at Syracuse University and the Universities of St Andrews and Aberdeen. He is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Alaska Anchorage.

Elia Zardini has held postdoctoral fellowships at the Universities of St Andrews, Aberdeen and at the National Autonomous University of Mexico. He is currently a Marie Curie Intra-European Fellow at the University of Barcelona and an Associate Fellow at the University of Aberdeen.

Table of Contents



Introduction
1. Scepticism and Perceptual Justification: Introduction, Dylan Dodd and Elia Zardini
Prelude: Past Scepticism in the Light of Present Epistemology
2. Descartes's Epistemology, Ernest Sosa
I. The Immediacy of the Senses
3. Confirming the Less Likely, Discovering the Unknown, Elia Zardini
4. Probability and Scepticism, Brian Weatherson
5. E & nH, Jonathan Vogel
6. Inference and Scepticism, Jose L. Zalabardo
7. Perceptual Knowledge and Background Beliefs, Alan Millar
8. Consciousness, Attention, and Justification, Susanna Siegel and Nico Silins
II. The Dependency of the Senses
9. On Epistemic Alchemy, Aidan McGlynn
10. Entitlement and the Groundlessness of Our Believing, Duncan Pritchard
11. On Epistemic Entitlement (II): Welfare State Epistemology, Crispin Wright
12. Moderatism, Transmission Failures, Closure and Humean Skepticism, Annalisa Coliva
III. The Evidence of the Senses
13. McDowell and Wright on Anti-Scepticism etc., Alex Byrne
14. What Is My Evidence that Here Is a Hand?, Roger White
15. The Arbitrariness of Belief, Martin Smith
16. How to Motivate Scepticism, Dylan Dodd
Index

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