This is the second of the three volumes comprising, ScholasticHumanism and the Unification of Europe. Focussing on the periodfrom c.1090-1212, the volume explores the lives, scholarlyresources, and contributions of a wide sample of people who eithertook part in the creation of the scholastic system of thought orgave practical effect to it in public life.
- The second volume of a compelling, original work which willredefine our perceptions of medieval civilization, the renaissanceand the evolution of modern Europe.
- Written by a man who was widely regarded as the greatestmedieval historian.
About the Author
R. W. SOUTHERN is a Fellow of the British Academy and an Honorary Fellow of Balliol, Exeter, and St John’s College, Oxford, and of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. He was President of St John’s College, Oxford, from 1969 to 1981. He was Chichele Professor of Modern History at the University of Oxford from 1961 to 1969, and is a past President of the Selden Society and the Royal Historical Society. His publications include: The Making of the Middle Ages (1953), Western Views of Islam in the Middle Ages (1962), Western Society and the Church in the Middle Ages (1970), Robert Grosseteste (1986), and St Anselm: a Portrait in a Landscape (1990).
Table of Contents
Abbreviations and short titles.
PART THREE – THE STRUGGLES OF SCHOLARS IN THESCHOOLS.
1 Rupert of Deutz: A Voice of the Past.
I The Two Worlds in Western Europe.
II Rupert’s Life, Work, and World.
III Rupert’s Conflicts with the Schools.
IV The Final Grandeur of Events.
V Ceremonies and Symbols versus Definitions and System.
2 Master Anselm of Laon: The Master of FutureMasters.
I The Grounds of His Scholastic Fame.
II The Master, the City, and the School.
III The Development of His Teaching.
IV Master Anselm’s Contribution to the Study of the Bible:The Origin of the Glossa Ordinaria.
V The Completion of the Glossa by Master Anselm’sSuccessors.
3 Master Anselm and the Origins of SystematicTheology.
I The Scholastic Routine: From Glosses to sententiae.
II A Student’s Collection of sententiae.
III Master Anselm’s Questions and Answers.
IV The Bridge Between the Monastic Past. and the ScholasticFuture.
V Summing Up.
4 Stumbling Towards System, c. 1100–1160.
I From sentences to System.
II Early Collections of sententiae.
III The Years Between 1130 and 1160.
5 Hugh of St. Victor: A Systematic Genius Before HisTime.
I His Origin and Scholarly Beginnings.
II Towards a Systematic World-View.
III Master Hugh in His Classroom.
IV Hugh’s Projected Lectures on God in Human History.
V Hugh’s Ambiguous Position in Scholastic Development.
6 Scholars at the Frontiers of Knowledge: William of Conchesand Thierry of Chartres.
I William of Conches.
II Thierry of Chartres.
7 Abelard at the Frontier of Logic and Theology.
II Abelard’s New Beginning.
III Logic and the Holy Trinity.
IV An Unexpected Source of Opposition (Walter of Mortagne).
V The Enlargement of Theology.
8 The Decisive Battles of the 1140s.
I The Road to Conflict.
II The First. Battle: St. Bernard and Abelard.
III The Background to the First. Battle: William of St. Thierryand St. Bernard.
IV The Second Battle: St. Bernard and Gilbert De LaPorrée.
V The Significance of 1148.
9 Peter Lombard: the Great Achiever.
II The Continuing Problem of Organization.
III Peter Lombard Comes to Paris.
IV Peter Lombard’s Patron: Odo (Or Otto), Bishop ofLucca.
V Peter Lombard’s Career and Work in Paris, c.1138-1160.
VI A Comparison Between His Work and That of Bishop Odo ofLucca.
PART FOUR – THE STRUGGLE OF THE SCHOLARS IN THEWORLD.
10 Master Vacarius: A Roman Lawyer in English Government, c.1145 to c. 1200.
I The Legend and the Reality.
II Why, and When, Did Archbishop Theobald Bring Vacarius toEngland?
III The Liber pauperum.
IV Vacarius in the Archiepiscopal Province of York.
V Vacarius’ Later Writings.
11 John of Salisbury: A Scholar at Large inGovernment.
I The End of His School-Years.
II His Transference to the World of Government.
12 The Two Peters of Blois in the Schools and inGovernment.
II Their Relationship and Personalities.
III The Two Peters of Blois in the Schools, c.1140–1165.
IV The Younger Peter’s Search for Employment,1165–1174.
V Stability then Uncertainty for the Younger Peter.
VI Peter and the Third Crusade.
VII Peter in the Service of Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury,1184–1190.
VIII Peter and the Call for a Crusade.
IX Peter Writes a Last Letter to His Namesake.
X The Two Peters of Blois as Poets.
XI The Letters and the World of Peter’s Old Age.
XII Epilogue: The Letter-Collection Marches On.