School Crime and Juvenile Justice / Edition 2

School Crime and Juvenile Justice / Edition 2

by Richard Lawrence
Pub. Date:
Oxford University Press, USA


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School Crime and Juvenile Justice / Edition 2

School Crime and Juvenile Justice, Second Edition, examines the nature, extent, and causes of school crime and disruptive behavior, offering a comprehensive overview of this significant and growing problem. Drawing on numerous sources and on studies conducted over the past ten years, the second edition reviews the most up-to-date theories on the relationship between school crime and crime in the community, the role of parents and peers, and schools' organization and policies. Lawrence discusses current research findings, laws and school policies, prevention strategies, and alternative schools and special education programs for at-risk and delinquent students. Extensively revised and updated, this edition includes two new chapters: Chapter 6 examines the school environment and how school size, structure, and related factors affect school crime and safety, while Chapter 7 discusses recent research on identifying which students may be at risk of committing school violence. Chapters on the causes of juvenile delinquency and the role of police, courts, and corrections in the administration of juvenile justice have been expanded and updated to reflect the latest available research and resources.
Ideal for criminal justice courses and an indispensable resource for scholars and school administrators, School Crime and Juvenile Justice, Second Edition, takes a closer look at the problem of crime and violence in and around schools. It offers a clear understanding of how people can work together to create safer schools and how educators and juvenile justice officials can develop cooperative delinquency prevention programs.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780195172904
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 04/28/2006
Edition description: REV
Pages: 352
Product dimensions: 9.20(w) x 6.50(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

1. Juvenile Crime in Society and in Schools
Public Views of Juvenile Crime
Some Historical Perspective
Measures of Crime
Police Measures of Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Court Cases
Self-Report Measures
Victimization Surveys
Measuring School Crime
Measures of School Crime and Safety
Victimization Reports
The Effects of School Crime and Violence
International Measures of School Crime and Violence
2. Justice for Juveniles
Historical Overview of Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Justice in America
The "Child Savers" Movement
The First Juvenile Court
Comparison of Juvenile and Criminal Court
Legal and Procedural Distinctions: Juvenile vs. Criminal Justice
Challenges and Changes in Juvenile Justice
U.S. Supreme Court Decisions
Federal and State Legislative Changes
Current Juvenile Justice Trends and Reforms
3. Explaining Delinquency and School Crime
Why study theories of crime and delinquency?
Types of Crime Theories
Individual Explanations
Psychological Explanations of Delinquency
Social Structure Theory
Social Process Explanations
Developmental and Life-course Theories
General and Integrated Theories
Social Reaction Theories: Labeling and Conflict
Conflict Theory
Female Delinquency
Applying Theories to School Crime and Justice
4. Families, Peers, Gangs and Delinquency
The Family
Changes in Family and Parental Roles
The Family and Delinquency
Do Parents Cause Delinquency?
Child Abuse and Neglect
Parents, School Problems and Delinquency
Parents, School Problems and Delinquency
Gangs and Delinquency
Drugs and Delinquency
5. Dropout and Delinquency
Perspectives on Truancy and Dropout
Defining and Measuring Dropout
The Extent of Absenteeism and Dropout
Factors Associated with Dropping Out
Consequences of Dropping Out
Truancy, Dropout, and Delinquency
Policy Implications of Delinquency and Dropout
Truancy and Dropout Prevention Programs
6. School Environment and School Safety
School Crime: Community Problem or School Problem?
The Public Schools as a Source of Delinquency
School Tracking and Delinquency
School Funding and Educational Inequality
School Reform and At-Risk Students
School Programs and Teaching Strategies
The Role of Parents in School Achievement
Do Schools Cause Failure—and Delinquency?
School Climate and Disorder
Policy Implications for School Crime Prevention
7. Explaining and Predicting School Violence
Identifying Youth at Risk of School Violence
Criminal Profiling
"Warning signs"
Threat Assessment
The Reliability and Validity of "Profiles" and "Warning Signs"
A Theory of School Shootings
Preventing School Violence
8. School Law and Students' Rights
Students' Rights in School
School Records and Privacy
Freedom of Speech and Expression
Constitutional Due Process
Suspension and Expulsion
Corporal Punishment
Search and Seizure
Rulings on Types of School Searches
The Exclusionary Rule and School Searches
Safe Schools: Required by Law?
9. The Police and Juvenile Crime
Police Roles and Responsibilities
Police Officers in Schools
Police and Juvenile Offenders
Police Decisions and Use of Discretion
Police Diversion and Status Offenders
Alternatives to Police Arrest and Custody
Police and Juveniles' Legal Rights
Are SRO's School Officials or Police Officials?
Fingerprinting, Photographing, and Records
10. The Juvenile Court
History and Development of the Juvenile Court
Juvenile Transfers to Adult Court
Are Juveniles Different from Adults?
Do Juvenile Transfers Make a Difference?
Current Juvenile Court Trends and Reforms
11. Juvenile Corrections
Residential Programs and Institutional Corrections
History and Development of Juvenile Corrections
Correctional Institutions for Juveniles
Other Community Programs
Disproportionate Minority Confinement
From Deinstitutionalization to "Get-Tough" Policies
Juvenile Probation and Community Corrections
Intermediate Sanctions in Juvenile Corrections
Reexamining Community Corrections Models
Effectiveness of Juvenile Corrections
Juvenile Corrections and Schools
12. School-Based Delinquency Prevention
Crime Control vs. Crime Prevention
Defining Crime Prevention
Theoretical Bases for School-Based Delinquency Prevention
Some Directions for School Crime Prevention
School Structure and Climate
Classroom Management and Instruction
Conflict Management and Resolution
Alternative Schools
Vocational and Employment Programs
Federal Government Role in Delinquency Prevention
School-Based Prevention: Some Model Programs
Recommendations for Educators, Justice Officials, and Policymakers
Author Index
Subject Index

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