Science and Religion in Contemporary Philosophy

Science and Religion in Contemporary Philosophy

by Emile Boutroux

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Science and Religion in Contemporary Philosophy by Emile Boutroux

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This is an OCR edition with typos.
Excerpt from book:
CHAPTER I AUGUSTE COMTE ANB THE RELIGION OF HUMANITY The encounter henceforth inevitable. I. The Doctrine Of Auguste Comte On Science And Religion— The generalisation of the idea of science and the organisation of the sciences: Science and Philosophy—Philosophy and Religion: the religion of Humanity. II. The Interpretation Of The Doctrine—Sociology and religion : what the latter adds to the former—The logical relation of philosophy and religion in Comte : does the second contradict the first? III. The Value Of The Doctrine—Science impeded by Religion, Religion impeded by Science—Humanity, an ambiguous concept—Man aspires to go beyond himself: that very fact constitutes religion—The internal contradiction of Positivism. There can be nothing clearer or more convenient for the purpose of setting one's ideas in order and for conducting an abstract discussion, than precise definitions and inviolable lines of demarcation. Shut up respectively in the heart and in the intellect, as if in the two separate compartments of a bulkhead, science and religion had no chance of entering into conflict. Enough that each of them allowed to the other the liberty which was claimed and enjoyed by itself. In this way the problem of the relation between science and religion was solved, very easily, in theworld of concepts. It was quite another matter in the real world. In fact, neither science nor religion meant to limit its competency and action, however big the province assigned to it. The postulate of the maxim held in honour at this time—" Render to Csesar that which is Csesar's, and to God that which is God's "—was, in the special sense given to it, not only that, in man, the religious faculties have nothing in common with the scientific faculties, but that in things themselves t...

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780804607230
Publisher: Associated Faculty Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 01/28/1970
Pages: 400

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CHAPTER I AUGUSTE COMTE ANB THE RELIGION OF HUMANITY The encounter henceforth inevitable. I. The Doctrine Of Auguste Comte On Science And Religion The generalisation of the idea of science and the organisation of the sciences: Science and PhilosophyPhilosophy and Religion: the religion of Humanity. II. The Interpretation Of The DoctrineSociology and religion : what the latter adds to the formerThe logical relation of philosophy and religion in Comte : does the second contradict the first? III. The Value Of The DoctrineScience impeded by Religion, Religion impeded by ScienceHumanity, an ambiguous conceptMan aspires to go beyond himself: that very fact constitutes religionThe internal contradiction of Positivism. There can be nothing clearer or more convenient for the purpose of setting one's ideas in order and for conducting an abstract discussion, than precise definitions and inviolable lines of demarcation. Shut up respectively in the heart and in the intellect, as if in the two separate compartments of a bulkhead, science and religion had no chance of entering into conflict. Enough that each of them allowed to the other the liberty which was claimed and enjoyed by itself. In this way the problem of the relation between science and religion was solved, very easily, in theworld of concepts. It was quite another matter in the real world. In fact, neither science nor religion meant to limit its competency and action, however big the province assigned to it. The postulate of the maxim held in honour at this time" Render to Csesar that which is Csesar's, and to God that which is God's "was, in the special sense given to it, not only that, in man, the religiousfaculties have nothing in common with the scientific faculties, but that in things themselves t...

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