ISBN-10:
0674026179
ISBN-13:
9780674026179
Pub. Date:
01/31/2008
Publisher:
Harvard
The Science of Culture in Enlightenment Germany / Edition 1

The Science of Culture in Enlightenment Germany / Edition 1

by Michael C. Carhart

Hardcover

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Overview

In the late 1770s, as a wave of revolution and republican unrest swept across Europe, scholars looked with urgency on the progress of European civilization. The question of social development was addressed from Edinburgh to St. Petersburg, with German scholars, including C. G. Heyne, Christoph Meiners, and J. G. Eichhorn, at the center of the discussion.

Michael Carhart examines their approaches to understanding human development by investigating the invention of a new analytic category, "culture." In an effort to define human nature and culture, scholars analyzed ancient texts for insights into language and the human mind in its early stages, together with writings from modern travelers, who provided data about various primitive societies. Some scholars began to doubt the existence of any essential human nature, arguing instead for human culture. If language was the vehicle of reason, what did it mean that all languages were different? Were rationality and virtue universal or unique to a given nation?

In this scholarship lie the roots of anthropology, sociology, and classical philology. Dissecting the debates over nature versus culture in Enlightenment Europe, Carhart offers a valuable contribution to cultural and intellectual history and the history of the human sciences.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674026179
Publisher: Harvard
Publication date: 01/31/2008
Series: Harvard Historical Studies , #159
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 374
Product dimensions: 6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

About the Author

Michael C. Carhart is Associate Professor of History at Old Dominion University.

Table of Contents

List of Maps and Illustrations

Acknowledgments

Introduction: Words and Things

1. Orientalism and Reform

2. Culture and the Origin of Language

3. The Search for the Historical Plato

4. The Search for the Historical Homer

5. The Search for the Historical Moses

6. The Sociology of Ancient History

7. Three Anthropologies

8. A Scientific Revolution

Conclusion: Enlightenment Social Science

Notes

Index

What People are Saying About This

Michael Carhart's ambitious contribution to our knowledge of the German Enlightenment should appeal to Enlightenment specialists of any national focus, as it situates German figures in conversation with other European figures. The author provides a well-informed analysis of many illuminating but often little-known episodes in intellectual history of the eighteenth century, from the discussions of feral children to that of Tahitian natives, from expeditions to Yemen and Syria to scholarly ones into the philological past.

John H. Zammito

With enormous erudition, Carhart examines the innovations in the human sciences taking place in and around Göttingen in the eighteenth century but set in a larger European context. He does us the service of shedding light on such figures as Christian Gottlob Heyne, Johann David Michaelis, and Johann Gottfried Eichhorn in a synoptic treatment that is both new and important. This is a work of revisionism that brings forward neglected materials, challenges settled views, and proposes yet another 'rival enlightenment.'
John H. Zammito, Rice University

Ann Blair

Michael Carhart's ambitious contribution to our knowledge of the German Enlightenment should appeal to Enlightenment specialists of any national focus, as it situates German figures in conversation with other European figures. The author provides a well-informed analysis of many illuminating but often little-known episodes in intellectual history of the eighteenth century, from the discussions of feral children to that of Tahitian natives, from expeditions to Yemen and Syria to scholarly ones into the philological past.

Ann Blair, Harvard University

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The Science of Culture in Enlightenment Germany 1 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I found the style to be unoriginal, drab, and characterless. Did he just randomly decide to write a book one day? The execution of his ideas connecting to the information is poor. He is very knowledgeable, but does not have the aptitude for writing a book. Perhaps his essays are better? And have more life to them? The book would probably be a good one to use for a school report citation, but not for a book to read and enjoy.