Science, Technology, and Society: The Impact of Science in the 19th Century

Science, Technology, and Society: The Impact of Science in the 19th Century



Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780787648763
Publisher: Cengage Gale
Publication date: 01/28/2001
Series: Science, Technology, and Society Ser.
Pages: 375
Product dimensions: 7.58(w) x 9.53(h) x 1.08(d)

Table of Contents

Reader's Guidexi
Advisory Boardxiii
Words to Knowxxiii
Volume 1
Chapter 1Life Science
Chapter Contents1
Johann Blumenbach and the Classification of Human Races7
Advances in Cell Theory10
Birth of the Agricultural Sciences16
Gregor Mendel Discovers the Basic Laws of Heredity21
Thomas Malthus and the Study of Population25
Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution29
Social Darwinism36
Louis Pasteur and the Germ Theory39
The Popularization of Science45
Neanderthals and the Search for Human Ancestors48
John James Laforest Audubon54
Spencer Fullerton Baird56
Ernst Haeckel58
Thomas Henry Huxley59
Ida Henrietta Hyde61
Matthew Fontaine Maury62
Lorenz Oken64
Alfred Russel Wallace65
Brief Biographies67
Research and Activity Ideas74
For More Information75
Chapter 2Medicine
Chapter Contents79
The Development of New Systems of Alternative Medicine84
Advances in Surgical Techniques90
The Battle against Tuberculosis94
Nineteenth Century Biological Theories about Race98
Medical Beliefs about Women100
Establishment of Schools for Individuals with Special Needs103
Nineteenth-Century Advances in Dentistry106
Advances in the Treatment of Mental Illness109
Developments in Military Medicine113
The Rise of Tropical Medicine116
Creation of the Public Health System120
Koch's Postulates Are Used to Identify Diseases124
Clara Barton128
William Beaumont130
Elizabeth Blackwell132
Paul Ehrlich135
Sigmund Freud137
Shibasaburo Kitasato139
Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran140
Florence Nightingale141
William Osler143
Philippe Pinel144
Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen145
Ignaz Phillip Semmelweis147
Brief Biographies149
Research and Activity Ideas157
For more Information158
Volume 2
Chapter 3Mathematics
Chapter Contents163
Early Attempts to Formulate a Mathematical Theory of Electricity168
Developments in Mathematics Education172
Advances in the Mathematics of Logic175
The Rise of Probability Theory179
Charles Babbage182
George Boole185
Augustin-Louis Cauchy186
Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier187
Evariste Galois189
Carl Friedrich Gauss190
Sophie Germain193
Felix Klein194
Pierre-Simon Laplace195
Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky197
Jules-Henri Poincare199
Brief Biographies200
Research and Activity Ideas207
For more Information208
Chapter 4Physical Science
Chapter Contents211
Development of the Concept of Energy216
Nineteenth-Century Advances in Electromagnetic Theory221
Finding Order among the Elements: The Periodic Table226
Lord Rayleigh's Theory of Sound232
Discovery of Radioactivity236
Discovery of the Inert Gases243
Heinrich Hertz Discovers Radio Waves247
Charles Lyell Popularizes the Principle of Uniformitarianism251
Developments in Electrochemistry255
Discovery of Ice Ages261
Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz265
Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel267
Marie Curie269
John Dalton271
Michael Faraday273
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac275
Josiah Willard Gibbs277
Joseph Henry279
Caroline Lucretia Herschel280
Charles Lyell282
James Clerk Maxwell283
Brief Biographies285
Research and Activity Ideas293
For more Information294
Chapter 5Technology and Invention
Chapter Contents297
The Horseless Carriage: Invention of the First Automobiles303
Revolutions in the Publishing Industry308
Instant Messaging: The Invention of the Telegraph313
Alexander Graham Bell Invents the Telephone316
Capturing Life on Screen: The Invention of Motion Pictures320
Electricity Powers the Nineteenth Century324
The Steam-Powered Locomotive Transforms Transportation331
The Mechanization of Textile Weaving336
Progress in Food Preservation340
Advances in the Chemistry of Explosives344
Charles Goodyear Invents the Process of Vulcanization348
Nicolas Appert352
Alexander Graham Bell353
Karl Friedrich Benz355
Henry Bessemer356
Augusta Ada Byron, Countess of Lovelace358
Thomas Alva Edison359
Margaret E. Knight361
Cyrus Hall McCormick362
Norbert Rillieux363
Isaac Merrit Singer365
Brief Biographies366
Research and Activity Ideas372
For more Information373

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