Scuba Diving: Trailslide Guide

Scuba Diving: Trailslide Guide

Paperback((Trailside))

$19.95

Overview

The only YMCA/Scuba-sanctioned guide to the wonders of the underwater world.


Whether it's the balmy waters of a tropical coral reef, a wreck in Lake Michigan, the kelp forests of Monterey Bay, the icy waters of the North Sea, or the caves of a Florida spring, scuba diving is a way to explore the world beneath the surface. Trailside Scuba Diving is a comprehensive diving guide that includes all the information divers need to get started on this exciting sport. It reviews the information standard in all certification courses, with chapters on gear, diving planning, safety and first aid, the science of diving and how it affects the human body, diving techniques, the underwater environment, and using dive tables and computers. It also introduces divers to new opportunities and skills such as underwater photography, navigation, wreck diving, night diving, and cold-water diving. With an emphasis on safety and a respect for the underwater environment, author and diver Karen Berger introduces divers to a magical new world, and gives them the tools to pursue their exploration of "inner space." Consulting with author Karen Berger on this guide is the YMCA/Scuba program. The YMCA was the first agency to organize a nationwide course in scuba diver training and today offers one of the most thorough and comprehensive diver training programs available.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780393319446
Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date: 07/28/2000
Series: Trailside Guides Series
Edition description: (Trailside)
Pages: 224
Product dimensions: 5.60(w) x 8.30(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Karen Berger, author of the best-selling Hiking and Backpacking: A Trailside Guide, has hiked over 15,000 miles, including the Appalachian Trail, the Pacific Crest Trail, and the Continental Divide Trail.

Table of Contents

Introduction7
Chapter 1The Underwater World9
Scuba: A Brief History10
Recreational Diving12
Kinds of Diving14
Certification15
How to Choose a Dive School16
The Course17
Continuing Education21
Chapter 2Skin Diving23
Gear25
Masks25
Keep Your Mask Down28
If You Wear Eyeglasses29
Snorkels30
Snorkel Keepers31
Fins32
Avoid Fin Blisters32
Equipment Care34
Exposure Suits35
Dive Flags and Floats35
Weights35
Keep Snorkels to Your Left36
Snorkeling Vest37
Techniques37
Mask Clearing37
Snorkel Clearing37
Breath-Hold Diving Safety38
Free-Diving39
Breathing39
Ups and Downs39
Air Pressure and Free-Divers40
Chapter 3Gearing Up41
What to Wear42
Body Suits42
Wet Suits43
Full Scuba Gear45
Getting Dressed46
Dry Suits48
Which Suit Suits You?49
Exposure Accessories50
Suit Up Booties50
Buddy, Can You Spare a Snorkel Keeper?51
Maintaining Your Wardrobe52
Snorkels, Masks, and Fins53
Snorkels53
Masks53
Mask Strap53
Fins54
What's My Flipper Doing on Your Foot?54
How You Breathe55
Tanks55
Maintaining Your Tanks and Valves55
Valves57
Regulators58
What Do All Those Hoses Do?59
Maintaining Your Regulator60
Submersible Pressure Gauges61
Information Instruments62
Floating and Sinking64
Buoyancy Compensator64
BC Inflator/Deflator65
Weights66
Maintaining Your BC66
How Much Weight Do I Need?67
Accessories68
Lights68
Packing an Equipment Bag69
Knives70
Surface Float70
Slates and Tables71
Collecting Bag72
To Rent or Buy?72
Emergency Signaling Devices73
Chapter 4Getting into the Water75
Pre-Dive Safety Check75
Entrances77
Surface Swimming80
Coping with Surface Conditions80
Regulator Free Flow80
Snorkel-to-Regulator Exchange82
Descending82
Position83
Equalizing Your Ears83
How to Descend84
Equalizing84
Rate85
Using a Reference Line85
Breathing85
Air Consumption85
The Primary Rule of SCUBA Diving86
Deflating Your BC87
Learning to Breathe88
Retrieving Your Regulator88
Airway Control89
Moving Underwater89
Buoyancy Control90
Practicing Buoyancy Control90
Ascending91
Position92
Rate of Ascent92
Controlling Your Ascent93
Ground Rules for Safe Diving93
Out of Air!94
Alternate Air Source94
Your Buddy's Alternate Second Stage94
Buddy Breathing on a Single Air Source95
Controlled Emergency Swimming Ascent96
Exits97
Natural Environments97
Man-Made Environments97
Chapter 5Dive Tables99
Different Agencies100
Dive Tables101
How Long Can I Dive?104
Single Dives104
Repetitive Groups and Multiple Dives105
Safety Stops105
Surface Intervals106
Repetitive Dives: Residual Nitrogen Time107
Multiple Repetitive Dives109
Minimum Surface Intervals109
Dive Profiles109
Decompression Stops110
Rules for Multiple Dives110
Flying After Diving111
Chapter 6Health and Safety113
Before you Dive115
Dan (Divers Alert Network) First Aid Kit for SCUBA Divers116
Diving First AID117
Seasickness117
Sunburn118
Oxygen118
Hyperthermia and Dehydration119
Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke121
Hypothermia121
Divers Alert Network122
Overexertion123
Cramps124
Contaminated Air123
Squeezes and Blocks123
The "Bends"124
Relieving a Cramp124
Lung Overexpansion126
Nitrogen Narcosis126
Oxygen Toxicity127
Treating for Shock127
Assisting A Diver128
Distress Signals128
Stress and Panic129
Assisting a Tired Diver129
Commonsense Safety130
Under the Surface131
Rescue Breathing131
Marine Plants and Animals132
First Aid for Stings133
Stingers134
Stabbers135
Biters136
Entanglement138
Lacerations138
Chapter 7Dive Smart139
The Buddy System139
Communicating with Your Buddy141
Bottom Time and Your Buddy142
Air Consumption and Your Buddy143
Where'd She Go?145
Solo Diving: A Warning145
Where to Dive146
Dive Centers146
Know Before You Go: Questions to Discuss with Your Buddy146
Independent Diving148
Planning Major Trips148
Conditions149
Water Movement150
Visibility153
Sea-Floor Morphology154
Bottom Composition154
Temperature155
Weather155
Freshwater Considerations155
Obstacles and Hazards156
Diving Smart156
Step 1Site Selection156
Step 2Planning for Safety157
Step 3Day of the Dive157
Step 4At the Dive Site158
Gear Check158
Step 5Diving Your Plan159
Step 6After the Dive159
The Logbook159
Leave-no-Trace Diving161
Boat Protocol and Boat Diving Tips161
Chapter 8Beyond the Basics165
Navigation166
Finding the Site167
Underwater Navigation167
Anatomy of A Dive Compass169
The Out-and-Back Pattern171
Finding Your Way172
Underwater Photography173
Photography Basics174
Equipment176
Good Photography178
Caring for Equipment179
Skills179
Deep Diving180
Hazards of Deep Diving181
Equipment181
Dive Deep, Dive Safe183
Night Diving185
Signing in the Dark186
Training187
Night-Diving Equipment187
Night-Diving Techniques189
Preventing Nightmares189
Wreck Diving191
Wreck-Diving Stategies192
Wreck-Diving Hazards193
Other Specialties194
Appendices
The Science of Diving195
Responsible Diver's Code205
Glossary208
Sources & Resources210
Photo Credits220
Index221

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews