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The Second Creek War: Interethnic Conflict and Collusion on a Collapsing Frontier

The Second Creek War: Interethnic Conflict and Collusion on a Collapsing Frontier

by John T. Ellisor

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Overview

Historians have traditionally viewed the “Creek War of 1836” as a minor police action centered on rounding up the Creek Indians for removal to Indian Territory. Using extensive archival research, John T. Ellisor demonstrates that, in fact, the Second Creek War was neither brief nor small. Indeed, armed conflict continued long after “peace” was declared and the majority of Creeks had been sent west. Ellisor’s study also broadly illuminates southern society just prior to the Indian removals, a time when many blacks, whites, and Natives lived in close proximity in the Old Southwest. In the Creek country, also called New Alabama, these ethnic groups began to develop a pluralistic society. When the 1830s cotton boom placed a premium on Creek land, however, dispossession of the Natives became an economic priority. Dispossessed and impoverished, some Creeks rose in armed revolt both to resist removal west and to drive the oppressors from their ancient homeland. Yet the resulting Second Creek War, which raged over three states, was fueled not only by Native determination but also by economic competition and was intensified not least by the massive government-sponsored land grab that constituted Indian removal. Because these circumstances also created fissures throughout southern society, both whites and blacks found it in their best interests to help the Creek insurgents. This first book-length examination of the Second Creek War shows how interethnic collusion and conflict characterized southern society during the 1830s.


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781496219985
Publisher: Nebraska
Publication date: 03/01/2020
Series: Indians of the Southeast
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 512
File size: 2 MB

About the Author

John T. Ellisor is an assistant professor of history at Columbus State University.

Table of Contents


List of Maps

Introduction: The Second Creek War?

1. Creek Politics and Confinement in New Alabama

2. The Cusseta Treaty of 1832

3. Commodifying the Creek Domain

4. Resistance

5. Rebellion

6. The Federal Response

7. Flight through Southern Georgia

8. Recriminations

9. The War Revives in New Alabama

10. Seeking Refuge in West Florida

Epilogue: The Legacy of the Second Creek War

Notes

Bibliography

Index

Customer Reviews