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This is a study of an almost inaccessible area of the intricate linguistic fabric of Afghanistan - namely, its secret codes of communication. The text draws on a profound knowledge of Afghanistan and neighbouring regions, as well as the cultural and sociolinguistic processes at work across Eurasia. The author situates these sociolinguistic matters within the appropriate diachronic and comparative background, and traces the numerous threads which connect them to areas both close to and distant from Afghanistan. The book will be of great interest to scholars from a wide range of disciplines, including, but extending beyond, the realms of linguistics, cultural history, and sociology. It will also be of practical value in many areas, notably with regards to military and political issues, as well as humanitarian aid.
|Publisher:||Cambridge Scholars Publishing|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 8.20(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
Jadwiga Pstrusinska is a graduate of the Institute of Oriental Philology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, and pursued individually tailored studies at Kabul University from 1973 to 1976. Her academic interests centre on the languages and cultures of Afghanistan and the wider surrounding region, while encompassing comparative studies of Eurasiatic cultures, including the Celtic. She has travelled widely and conducted extensive research in Asia and Europe, and has held Visiting Fellowships at Oxford University and the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. She previously worked for several years at the Institute of Oriental Philology at the Jagiellonian University, where, among other things, she was Head of the Iranian Studies Department. Later, she founded and headed the Department of Interdisciplinary Eurasiatic Research (2002-2011). At present, she is Full Professor at the Faculty of Oriental Studies, Warsaw University, and works as an independent expert on Afghanistan at the Lingua unit within the Swiss Ministry of Justice and Police. She is also a member of the Committee of Oriental Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Her books include Pashto and Dari - Selection for Studying the Official Languages of Afghanistan and their Literature (1985), Afghanistan 1989 in Sociolinguistic Perspective (1990), Tajne jezyki Afghanistanu i ich uzytkownicy (2004), and Old Celtic Culture from the Hindukush Perspective (1994). She is a recipient of the Airey Neave Memorial Scholarship Award (1986), and the Award of the Standing Conference of Rectors of European Universities (1991).
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 On the Definition and Nature of a Secret Language 17
Chapter 2 The Ethnolinguistic Situation in Afghanistan 26
Chapter 3 Polish Research on the Secret Languages of Afghanistan 31
Chapter 4 The Secret Languages of Afghanistan and their Speakers 36
Chapter 5 On the Secret Languages of the Region 88
Chapter 6 Ethnic Languages Functioning as Secret Ones 102
Chapter 7 Sacred Secret Languages 109
Chapter 8 On the Social Placement of the Speakers of Secret Languages 115
Chapter 9 Modes of Encoding and Secret Vocabulary 122