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The Segregated Origins of Social Security: African Americans and the Welfare State / Edition 1
     

The Segregated Origins of Social Security: African Americans and the Welfare State / Edition 1

by Mary Poole
 

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ISBN-10: 0807830240

ISBN-13: 9780807830246

Pub. Date: 05/29/2006

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press

The relationship between welfare and racial inequality has long been understood as a fight between liberal and conservative forces. In The Segregated Origins of Social Security, Mary Poole challenges that basic assumption. Meticulously reconstructing the behind-the-scenes politicking that gave birth to the 1935 Social Security Act, Poole demonstrates that

Overview

The relationship between welfare and racial inequality has long been understood as a fight between liberal and conservative forces. In The Segregated Origins of Social Security, Mary Poole challenges that basic assumption. Meticulously reconstructing the behind-the-scenes politicking that gave birth to the 1935 Social Security Act, Poole demonstrates that segregation was built into the very foundation of the welfare state because white policy makers—both liberal and conservative—shared an interest in preserving white race privilege.

Although northern white liberals were theoretically sympathetic to the plight of African Americans, Poole says, their primary aim was to save the American economy by salvaging the pride of America's "essential" white male industrial workers. The liberal framers of the Social Security Act elevated the status of Unemployment Insurance and Social Security—and the white workers they were designed to serve—by differentiating them from welfare programs, which served black workers.

Revising the standard story of the racialized politics of Roosevelt's New Deal, Poole's arguments also reshape our understanding of the role of public policy in race relations in the twentieth century, laying bare the assumptions that must be challenged if we hope to put an end to racial inequality in the twenty-first.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807830246
Publisher:
The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date:
05/29/2006
Edition description:
1
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents


Acknowledgments     ix
Introduction     1
So Now Mr. President, We Are Looking for Something: African Americans, the Social Security Act, and the Great Depression     12
The Not-So-Solid South: Southern Democrats in Congress     28
Colorblind Public Policy: The Staff of the Committee on Economic Security     61
Shaky Ground: Black and Interracial Organizations     97
Gender and the White United Front: The Women of the Federal Children's Bureau     140
Conclusion: Those Old Discriminatory Practices     174
Notes     189
Bibliography     233
Index     251

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