What exactly is self-control, and what life outcomes does it affect? What causes a person to have high or low self-control to begin with? What effect does self-control have on crime and other harmful behavior?
Using a clear, conversational writing style, Self-Control and Crime Over the Life Course answers critical questions about self-control and its importance for understanding criminal behavior. Authors Carter Hay and Ryan Meldrum use intuitive examples to draw attention to the close connection between self-control and the behavioral choices people make, especially in reference to criminal, deviant, and harmful behaviors that often carry short-term benefits but long-term costs. The text builds an overall theoretical perspective that conveys the multi-disciplinary nature of modern-day self-control research. Moreover, far from emphasizing only theoretical issues, the authors place public policy at the forefront, using self-control research to inform policy efforts that reduce the societal costs of low self-control and the behaviors it enables.
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)|
About the Author
Carter Hay is a professor and the director of graduate studies in the College of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida State University in Tallahassee, Florida. He received his Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Texas at Austin in 1999. His articles, chapters, and books have focused on the causes and consequences of crime and deviance over the life course, with a special focus on self-control and its early in life precursors.
Ryan C. Meldrum is an assistant professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Florida International University in Miami, Florida. He received his Ph.D. from Florida State University in 2010. His research addresses individual level correlates of delinquent behavior, with a particular emphasis on child development and the role of self-control.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction A Definition of Self-Control An Integrative Approach A Life Course Approach Connecting Self-Control to Other Causes of Behavior Attention to Public Policy Connecting the Science of Self-Control to the Stories We Read About EverydayChapter 2: Theories of Self-Control and Behavior The Inextricable Connection Between Theory and Fact Explaining Crime: Gottfredson and Hirschi's Self-Control Theory Evaluating Gottfredson and Hirschi's Self-Control Theory A Psychological, Trait-Based Theory of Self-Control Biosocial Approaches to Behavior The Strength Model: Self-control as a Depletable ResourceChapter 3: What Are the Consequences of Low Self-Control? The Marshmallow Experiments A Quick Note on the Measurement of Self-Control Research on Low Self-Control and Crime The Everyday Consequences of Low Self-Control Policy Implications and PossibilitiesChapter 4: Infancy and Childhood: What Are the Causes of Self-Control Early in Life? The Role of Parents in Shaping Self-Control The Genetic Underpinnings of Self-Control Neurobiological Influences on Self-Control Policy Implications and PossibilitiesChapter 5: Adolescence and Adulthood: Is Self-Control Stable Over Time? Stability and Change in Self-Control Why Does Self-Control Often Remain Stable? Persistent Individual Traits as Contributors to Self-Control Stability Persistent Environmental Characteristics: Parenting and Peers Persistent Environmental Characteristics: The Stability of Poverty State Dependence as a Contributor to Self-Control Stability An Implicit Idea: Human Agency Empirical Evidence on Explanations for Stability Policy Implications and PossibilitiesChapter 6: What Leads to Self-Control Change? The Pervasiveness of Change The Transformations of Adolescence Unexpected Shifts in Social Environments and Relationships Sleeping, Eating, and Substance Use: Short-Term Fluctuations in Self-Control Policy Implications and PossibilitiesChapter 7: Do the Harmful Effects of Low Self-Control Vary Across Different Circumstances? Conditional Causation and Low Self-Control: Conceptual Issues Criminal Opportunity Association With Delinquent Peers Weak Social Bonds Neighborhood Disadvantage Weak Moral Values Considering Self-Control as a Moderator Variable Can Self-Control Moderate the Effects of Self-Control? Policy Implications and PossibilitiesChapter 8: Self-Control and Crime Over the Life Course: Bringing It All Together The Causes of Initial Self-Control Differences in the First Decade of Life The Child Grows into an Adolescent The Adolescent Grows Into an Adult Moderated Effects Across the Entire Life CourseChapter 9: Self-Control and Crime: Influencing Policy and Looking to the Future Self-Control as a Driver of Societal Advance Using Policy to Promote Self-Control Over the Life Course Community-Based Programs Relevant to All Stages of the Life Course Evidence of Program Success