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SAGE Publications
Self-Control and Crime Over the Life Course / Edition 1

Self-Control and Crime Over the Life Course / Edition 1

by Carter H. Hay, Ryan C. Meldrum
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781483358994
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 03/24/2015
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 312
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Carter Hay is a professor and the director of graduate studies in the College of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida State University in Tallahassee, Florida. He received his Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Texas at Austin in 1999. His articles, chapters, and books have focused on the causes and consequences of crime and deviance over the life course, with a special focus on self-control and its early in life precursors.

Ryan C. Meldrum is an assistant professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Florida International University in Miami, Florida. He received his Ph.D. from Florida State University in 2010. His research addresses individual level correlates of delinquent behavior, with a particular emphasis on child development and the role of self-control.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction
A Definition of Self-Control
An Integrative Approach
A Life Course Approach
Connecting Self-Control to Other Causes of Behavior
Attention to Public Policy
Connecting the Science of Self-Control to the Stories We Read About Everyday
Chapter 2: Theories of Self-Control and Behavior
The Inextricable Connection Between Theory and Fact
Explaining Crime: Gottfredson and Hirschi's Self-Control Theory
Evaluating Gottfredson and Hirschi's Self-Control Theory
A Psychological, Trait-Based Theory of Self-Control
Biosocial Approaches to Behavior
The Strength Model: Self-control as a Depletable Resource
Chapter 3: What Are the Consequences of Low Self-Control?
The Marshmallow Experiments
A Quick Note on the Measurement of Self-Control
Research on Low Self-Control and Crime
The Everyday Consequences of Low Self-Control
Policy Implications and Possibilities
Chapter 4: Infancy and Childhood: What Are the Causes of Self-Control Early in Life?
The Role of Parents in Shaping Self-Control
The Genetic Underpinnings of Self-Control
Neurobiological Influences on Self-Control
Policy Implications and Possibilities
Chapter 5: Adolescence and Adulthood: Is Self-Control Stable Over Time?
Stability and Change in Self-Control
Why Does Self-Control Often Remain Stable?
Persistent Individual Traits as Contributors to Self-Control Stability
Persistent Environmental Characteristics: Parenting and Peers
Persistent Environmental Characteristics: The Stability of Poverty
State Dependence as a Contributor to Self-Control Stability
An Implicit Idea: Human Agency
Empirical Evidence on Explanations for Stability
Policy Implications and Possibilities
Chapter 6: What Leads to Self-Control Change?
The Pervasiveness of Change
The Transformations of Adolescence
Unexpected Shifts in Social Environments and Relationships
Sleeping, Eating, and Substance Use: Short-Term Fluctuations in Self-Control
Policy Implications and Possibilities
Chapter 7: Do the Harmful Effects of Low Self-Control Vary Across Different Circumstances?
Conditional Causation and Low Self-Control: Conceptual Issues
Criminal Opportunity
Association With Delinquent Peers
Weak Social Bonds
Neighborhood Disadvantage
Weak Moral Values
Considering Self-Control as a Moderator Variable
Can Self-Control Moderate the Effects of Self-Control?
Policy Implications and Possibilities
Chapter 8: Self-Control and Crime Over the Life Course: Bringing It All Together
The Causes of Initial Self-Control Differences in the First Decade of Life
The Child Grows into an Adolescent
The Adolescent Grows Into an Adult
Moderated Effects Across the Entire Life Course
Chapter 9: Self-Control and Crime: Influencing Policy and Looking to the Future
Self-Control as a Driver of Societal Advance
Using Policy to Promote Self-Control Over the Life Course
Community-Based Programs Relevant to All Stages of the Life Course
Evidence of Program Success

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