Self-Directed Behavior: Self-Modification for Personal Adjustment

Self-Directed Behavior: Self-Modification for Personal Adjustment

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Self-Directed Behavior: Self-Modification for Personal Adjustment by David L. Watson, Roland G. Tharp

This effective self-help book presents a workable set of skills that readers can use for tackling their own self-modification programs, whether it be to improve self-confidence in dating, control overeating, implement and exercise program, or give up smoking. The authors' goal is to teach the basic skills necessary for readers to modify the behavior of their own choice, (66%-84% of the students employing these methods have achieved their self-change goals according to published studies in the literature). Once students have applied the principles to a behavior, they'll find it easier to use the skills in different settings.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780534092764
Publisher: Brooks/Cole
Publication date: 10/01/1988
Series: Psychology Series
Edition description: 5th ed
Pages: 334

About the Author

David L. Watson is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and a Charter Fellow of the American Psychological Society. Watson is well known for his work in social anxiety, having developed the original scale to measure it. He has written textbooks in introductory psychology, social psychology, and learning skills. Watson is an enthusiastic world traveler, having visited over 100 countries. He speaks French and Greek, and is a certified master gardener, specializing in xerophytic plants. He divides his time now between Honolulu and Albuquerque.

Roland George Tharp is a distinguished researcher, psychologist, educator, writer, and filmmaker. Over the course of his career he has received repeated recognition for excellence and leadership in every arena of his work. Tharp is professor emeritus of education and psychology at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and professor emeritus of psychology at the University of Hawaii. He is the founding director of the national Center for Research on Education, Diversity & Excellence (CREDE) and the Kamehameha Elementary Education Program (KEEP). His research focuses on human development, psychotherapy, community psychology, education, culture, anthropology, and applied linguistics. Tharp is considered a distinguished researcher, practitioner, and author in the areas of education, educational reform, and the development of sociocultural theory. His work spans more than 40 years.

Table of Contents

For Further Research on the World Wide Webxii
1Adjustment and the Skills of Self-Direction1
Outline and Learning Objectives1
Adjustment and Self-Direction2
The Skills of Self-Direction and the Purpose of This Book7
Actions Are Embedded in a Context10
The Process of Self-Modification12
Does Self-Modification Work?17
Chapter Summary23
Your Own Self-Direction Project: Step 124
2Forethought: Specifying Targets, Anticipating Obstacles, and Creating Goals30
Outline and Learning Objectives30
Specifying Targets for Change31
Anticipating Obstacles39
Putting Goals in Focus52
Tips for Typical Topics62
Chapter Summary62
Your Own Self-Direction Project: Step 264
3Self-Knowledge: Observation and Recording66
Outline and Learning Objectives66
Why Observe Ourselves?67
Structured Diaries68
Recording Frequency and Duration74
Rating the Intensity of Emotions80
Practicalities of Record Keeping86
What to Record87
Planning for Change94
Tips for Typical Topics97
Chapter Summary102
Your Own Self-Direction Project: Step 3104
4The Principles of Self-Regulation105
Outline and Learning Objectives105
Regulation Theory106
Developmental Theory: Regulation by Others and Regulation by Self108
The Development of Language Regulation110
Respondent Behavior and Conditioning120
Chapter Summary127
Your Own Self-Direction Project: Step 4129
Outline and Learning Objectives131
Identifying Antecedents132
Modifying Old Antecedents136
Arranging New Antecedents142
Tips for Typical Topics152
Chapter Summary157
Your Own Self-Direction Project: Step 5158
6Behaviors: Actions, Thoughts, and Feelings159
Outline and Learning Objectives159
Substituting New Thoughts and Behaviors160
Substitutions for Anxiety and Stress Reactions164
Developing New Behaviors176
Shaping: The Method of Successive Approximations184
Tips for Typical Topics188
Chapter Summary195
Your Own Self-Direction Project: Step 6196
Outline and Learning Objectives198
Discovering and Selecting Reinforcers200
Using Others to Dispense Reinforcers204
Self-Administered Consequences208
Techniques of Self-Reinforcement211
Self-Punishment and Extinction222
Reinforcement in Plans for Self-Modification226
Tips for Typical Topics230
Chapter Summary236
Your Own Self-Direction Project: Step 7237
8Developing a Successful Plan238
Outline and Learning Objectives238
Combining A, B, and C Elements239
The Elements of a Good Plan244
Evaluating Your Plan for Change254
Tips for Typical Topics260
Chapter Summary261
Your Own Self-Direction Project: Step 8262
9Problem Solving and Relapse Prevention263
Outline and Learning Objectives263
Problem Solving264
Relapse Prevention274
Chapter Summary284
Your Own Self-Direction Project: Step 9285
10Termination and Beyond287
Outline and Learning Objectives287
Formal Termination: Planning to Maintain Gains288
Beyond the Ending294
Chapter Summary299
Your Own Self-Direction Project: Step 10299
Name Index325
Subject Index335

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