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Server+ Certification Exam Cram 2 (Exam SKO-002)

Server+ Certification Exam Cram 2 (Exam SKO-002)


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Server+ Certification Exam Cram 2 (Exam SKO-002)

Server+ Exam Cram 2 is an efficient, effective and concise guide that gives you exactly what you need to know to pass the Server+ exam. Organized according to exam objectives, you will be able to quickly and easily assess your understanding of key exam topics. Some of the topics covered are:

  • General Server Hardware Knowledge
  • Configuration
  • Protective Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting and Problem Determination
  • Disaster Recovery
Dozens of test-taking strategies are included, as well as timesaving tips and the popular Cram Sheet tearcard, perfect for last-minute studying. The included CD-ROM also gives you access to a MeasureUp practice test engine and a bookmarked, searchable PDF of the book, so you can study without having to take the book with you. Server+ Exam Cram is your smartest way to get certified.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780789733689
Publisher: Que
Publication date: 11/14/2005
Series: Exam Cram 2 Series
Edition description: BK&CD-ROM
Pages: 768
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.70(d)

About the Author

Marcraft International Corporation, a leading provider of Server+ training, has been producing IT training products for 20 years, supplying the hardware, software and courseware materials for numerous technical training curricula. Marcraft has authored five editions of our best-selling A+ Certification Training Guide, among other titles covering Network+, HTI+, and Security+ certification.

Ed Tittel, Series Editor of the best-selling Exam Cram 2 Series, is a two-time finalist for CertCities' Favorite Study Guide Author award and has contributed to more than 50 titles on IT certifications.

Table of Contents



1. Server Basics.


Comparing Server Systems.

Server Cases.

Server Types.

General-Purpose Servers.

Appliance Servers.

Application Servers and Services.

Servers Used As Gateways.

Servers Used As Routers.

Servers Used As Bridges.

FTP Servers.

SNA Servers.

NAS Servers.

SAN Servers.

RAS Servers.

File and Print Servers.

Fax Servers.

WINS Servers.

DHCP Servers.

Multi-Tiered Server Architectures.

Exam Prep Questions.

Answers to Exam Prep Questions.

2. Server Availability.


The Impact of Server Failures.

Designing Reliable Server Networks.

Scaling Up and Scaling Out.



High Availability.

Fault Tolerance.


Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

3. Multiprocessing.


Multiprocessing Systems.

Multiprocessing Features.

Multiprocessing Advantages.

Multiprocessing Disadvantages.

Installing Multiple Processors.

Server Processor Subsystems.

Server Environments for 64-Bit Processors.

Server Software Architectures for 64-Bit Processors.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

4. Server Memory.


Selecting Server Memory.

Advanced DRAM.

Advanced SDRAM.

EDO Memory.



Memory Interleaving.

ECC, Non-ECC, and Extended ECC RAM.

Buffered, Unbuffered, and Registered Memory.

Hardware Compatibility List.

Cache Memory.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

5. Server Bus Architectures.


Industry Standard Architecture.

MicroChannel Architecture.

Extended Industry Standard Architecture.

MicroChannel Architecture.

VESA Local Bus.

Peripheral Component Interconnect.

Server Bus Management.

Expansion Slots.

PCI Local Buses.

PCI Configuration.

PCI Interrupts.

Server PCI Slot Considerations.

PCI Bus Mastering.

PCI Hot-Swap Technology.

Hot-Plug PCI Technology.


PCI Express.

Hierarchical PCI Bus.

Peer PCI Bus.

Intelligent Input/Output.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

6. SCSI Systems.


The Small Computer System Interface (SCSI).

SCSI Development.

SCSI Cables and Connectors.

SCSI Addressing.

SCSI Terminations.


Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

7. IDE Systems.


Integrated Drive Electronics Interfacing.

Configuring IDE Drives.

Advanced EIDE Specifications.

Ultra ATA Termination Strategy.

Serial ATA (SATA).


Nearline Storage.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

8. RAID Systems.


RAID Development.

RAID Levels.

Dual-Level RAID Systems.

Hot Spare.

Zero-Channel RAID.

Software Versus Hardware RAID.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

9. Advanced Storage Arrays.

Fibre Channel Hardware.

Fibre Channel.

Fibre Channel Storage Arrays.

Fibre Channel Disk Drives.

Fibre Channel Adapters.

Fibre Channel Cables, Connectors, GBICs,and SFP GBICs.

Fibre Channel Specifications.

Single-Mode and Multimode Fiber.

Fibre Channel Transmission Speeds.

Fibre Channel Hardware Bus Lengths.

Fibre Channel Hardware Topologies.

Fibre Channel Bridges.

SAN and NAS Specifications.

Storage Area Network (SAN).

Network Attached Storage (NAS).

iSCSI and FCIP Features and Benefits.

Internet SCSI.

Fibre Channel Over IP.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

10. Pre-Installation Planning.


Installation Planning.

Securing the Plan’s Verification.

Hardware and OS Compatibility.

Power Source, Space, UPS, and Network Availability Verifications.

Network Protocols and Domain Naming Conventions.

Component and Cable Verifications.

Server Racks.

Common Server Types.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

11. Installing Hardware.


Server Hardware Installation Practices.

Server Boards, Processor, and Memory.

Accessory Cards or Modules.


Internal Cabling.

Server Installation Activities.

Rack Mounting.

Network Cable Cutting and Crimping.

UPS Installations.

SCSI Server ID Verifications.

External Device Installations.

Power-On Sequence Verifications.

Supporting Hardware Knowledge.

Physical Infrastructure Requirements.

Network Cabling and Connector Types.

Cable Management.

KVM Implementation.

Rackmount Security.

Network Access Protocols.


Fast Ethernet.

Gigabit Ethernet.

Fiber-Optic LANs.

The FDDI Ring Standard.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

12. Server Management Plans.



Security Management.

Environmental Impacts.

Storage Virtualization Management.



Out-of-Band ESCON.

In-Band ESCON, Telecom, and ESCOM.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

13. Configuration.


Preplanning the Update.

Obtaining and Installing Updates.

Server Boards.

RAID Controllers.

Hard Drives.

RAID Configurations.

Network Operating System Installations.

Create and Implement a Pre-Installation Plan.

Install the Network Operating System.

Install Communications Protocols.

External Peripheral Configurations.

UPS Configuration.

Cable Types for Peripheral Devices.

Updating the NOS and Hardware Drivers.

Installing Operating System Updates.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

14. Preparing the Server for Service.


Simple Network Management Protocol.

Server Backup Software.

System Monitoring Agents.

Event Logs.

Performance Logs and Alerts.

Linux Log Files.

Performing Server Baselines.

Baseline Purposes and Types.

Establishing Conditions for Using Various Baselines.

Documenting the Configuration.

Documentation Contents.

Implementing the Server Management Plan.

Server Management Software Services.

Improving Server Availability.

Server Change Management Requirements.

Security Planning.

Managing Server Hardware Remotely.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

15. Upgrading the Basic System.


Scheduling Downtime.

Performing Backups.

Repair and Recovery Operations.

Backups, Archives, and Copies.

Adding Processors.

Adding Hard Drives.

Scaling Up.

Mounting Linux Drives.

Increasing Memory.

Steps to Memory Upgrading.

Identifying Electrostatic Discharge.

Upgrading BIOS and Firmware.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

16. Upgrading Adapters and Peripherals.


Upgrading Server Adapter Cards.

Verify Compatibility.

Perform BIOS Upgrade.

Obtain Latest Drivers.

Implement ESD Best Practices.

Verify the Upgrade.

Check System Resources.

Document the Baseline.

Peripheral Devices.

Upgrading Server Peripherals.

Uninterruptible Power Supplies.

Determining the Required Size of a UPS.

Upgrading a UPS.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

17. Upgrading System Monitoring Agents and Service Tools.


Server Monitoring and Management.

Server Management Bus.

Intelligent Management Buses.

Intelligent Platform Management Bus.

Intelligent Chassis Management Bus.

Prevention of Monitoring Interruptions.

Fault-Resilient Booting Notifications.

Server Management Software Components.

Network Management Protocols.

Purposes and Functions of SNMP.

Purposes and Functions of the DMI.

Purposes and Functions of the IPMI.

Self-Monitoring Analysis Reporting Technology.

Upgrading Service Tools.

Network Operating System Upgrades.

Service Tool Utility Upgrades.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

18. Proactive Maintenance.


Performing Backups.

Backing Up Files.

Backing Up State of the System Data and System

Boot Files.

Emergency Repair Disks and Automated

System Recovery.

Backup Methodologies.

Creating and Using Baselines.

Adjusting SNMP Thresholds.

Internal Polling.

External Polling.

Housekeeping Duties.

Server Cases.

Server Mice.

Server Monitors.

Server Keyboards.

Server Drives.

Server Disks.

Server Power Supplies and Fans.

Dust and Trash Accumulation.

Cable Management Duties.

Following the Server Management Plan.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

19. Environmental Issues.


Physical Security at the Entrance.

Physical Security Inside the Server Room.

Server Room Environmental Issues.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

20. Server Problem Determination.


Information Gathering.

Handling Problem Escalations.

Using Server-Related Documentation.

System Evaluations.

Resolving Hardware/Software/Configuration Problems.

Using Diagnostic Tools and Utilities.

Hardware Diagnostic Tools.

Software Diagnostic Tools.

Performing Server OS Shutdowns.

Server Network Troubleshooting.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

21. Troubleshooting Server Systems.


Optimizing Server Performance.

Gathering Performance Data.

Documenting Suspected Bottlenecks.

Identifying Performance Bottlenecks.

Troubleshooting Bottlenecks.

Physical Disk Bottlenecks.

Memory Bottlenecks.

Network Interface Bottlenecks.

Processor Bottlenecks.

Network Redirector Bottlenecks.

Server Bottlenecks.

Server Resource Handling.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

22. Disaster Recovery.


Documenting the Disaster Recovery Plan.

Updating the Plan.

Testing the Plan.

Implementing the Plan.

System Redundancy Planning.

Offsite Storage Planning.

Backup Hardware and Media.

Tape Drive Backup Systems.

Robotic Applications for Data Tape Storage.

Backup Scheduling Considerations.

Backup Rotation Schemes.

Windows Removable Storage.

Exam Prep Questions.

Exam Prep Answers.

23. Practice Exam 1.

Exam Questions.

24. Answers to Practice Exam 1.

Answer Key.

Answers to Exam Questions.

25. Practice Exam 2.

26. Answers to Practice Exam 2.

Answer Key.

Answers to Exam Questions.

Appendix A: Need to Know More?

Appendix B: CD Contents and Installation Instructions.

Multiple Test Modes.

Study Mode.

Certification Mode.

Custom Mode.

Adaptive Mode.

Missed Question Mode.

Non-Duplicate Mode.

Question Types.

Random Questions and Order of Answers.

Detailed Explanations of Correct and Incorrect Answers.

Attention to Exam Objectives.

Installing the CD.

Creating a Shortcut to the MeasureUp Practice Tests.

Installing the CD-ROM for MeasureUp Microsoft Office Specialist (MOS) Test Engines.

Technical Support.






Welcome to Server+ Certification Exam Cram 2! This book is dedicated to helping you pass the Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA) certification exam SKO-002, the CompTIA Server+ Certification. We explain some facts about CompTIA's certifications in this introduction, along with how this series of Exam Cram 2 publications can help you to prepare for not only SKO-002, but for other CompTIA certifications as well.

By carefully following the prescribed technological objectives provided by CompTIA throughout the specified domains, you will be empowered with the necessary understanding for taking and passing the exam. Obviously, no Exam Cram 2 book can teach you everything that you may be asked on a given exam. However, if you focus on the physical products, industry standards, terminology, and installation guidelines, the questions you encounter on the Server+ Certification exam will not surprise or stump you.

The production staff here at Exam Cram 2 has worked diligently to prepare a study guide that will provide you with the knowledge and confidence needed to pass the exam with a superior grade. Although other prerequisite certifications are not required, holding an A+ or Network + certification is beneficial in preparing for the issues involved in implementing, operating, and maintaining a commercial server network, the topic of this exam.

For those who have limited knowledge and experience with server networking technology or the hardware referenced in the Server+ Examination Objectives, it may be necessary to seek additional classroom training or to study various server technology tutorials that are offered. CompTIA and its affiliated testing centers can provide assistance regarding the availability of related courseware.

This Server+ Certification Exam Cram 2 publication presents an up-to-date look at current server networking strategies from both the installation and servicing perspectives. It thoroughly examines the areas of general server hardware including bus architectures, server types and functions, and their various memory requirements. The advantages and limitations of Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) and Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) solutions are discussed and contrasted with Fibre Channel hardware. From pre-installation planning to hardware installation, the development of the server management plan is stressed. Server software and hardware configurations are examined along with the use of Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), system monitors, and event logs. The importance of baselining is detailed, especially with respect to performing server upgrades. Various backup procedures are examined in connection with making adjustments of SNMP thresholds, performing server room physical housekeeping, and maintaining both physical and environmental security. Troubleshooting skills are also stressed, including sections on problem determination and the use of hardware and software diagnostic tools. In the context of running performance tools, the systematic identification and removal of system bottlenecks is examined in detail. The idea of establishing an early disaster recovery plan is also explained, as well as the various backup hardware and media used to make disaster recovery possible.

Taking a Certification Exam

When your preparations for the Server+ exam have been finalized, the registration for taking the exam must be completed. You will need to contact a certified testing center to schedule a specified date and time to report. The Server+ Certification Exam costs $164 for non-CompTIA members, and $143 for CompTIA members, but these prices are subject to periodic changes. You must pass this exam in order to obtain the Server+ certification. This test is currently being administered by Pearson VUE:

  • Virtual University Enterprises (VUE)—Registration for the exam can be accomplished through the VUE website at

You may apply for an exam using a valid credit card, or by contacting one of these companies for instructions on mailing them a check in the United States. After the check has cleared, or payment has been verified, registration can take place. To schedule for testing, you must either visit the website or call an appropriate telephone number. When a test has been scheduled, any cancellation or rescheduling must occur before 7 p.m. Pacific Standard Time on the day before the test is scheduled. During the summer months, Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) is applicable. Failure to observe this requirement will result in an examination charge regardless of your actual attendance. When it's time to schedule the test, be prepared with the following information:

  • Your name, organization (if any), and mailing address
  • Your test ID number (for United States citizens, this is your Social Security number)
  • The name of the exam and its identification number(s)
  • The method of payment

After the registration and payment method have been completed, you will be contacted with details concerning the date, time, and location for taking the exam. Normally, two separate forms of identification are required, including a photo ID, prior to admission to the testing room. You will want to arrive at the testing facility at least 15 minutes before the start time shown on your examination schedule.

Understand that all certification examinations are closed-book types, and no study materials will be permitted within the test area. You will, however, be permitted to use a blank sheet of paper and a pen/pencil to write down any memorized information prior to beginning the exam. This type of information is printed on the tear-out Cram Sheet located in the inside front cover of your Exam Cram 2 book, and should be reviewed completely just before taking the test. At the completion of the exam, the administration software will let you know if you have passed or failed. You can retake a failed exam at a later time, but you must repeat the registration process and submit another exam fee.

How to Prepare for an Exam

There is no way to prepare for a CompTIA exam without first obtaining the necessary study materials focusing on the subject matter being tested. For Server+ certification candidates, these materials should provide information emphasizing the topics associated with the exam alerts and practice questions presented in this book. In addition, certified training companies can be located by checking the website.

About This Book

Don't forget about the Cram Sheet inside the front cover containing key points, definitions, and terms that should be reviewed just before going into the examination facility. Those topics needing the most attention can be transferred to scratch paper after you enter the exam area. The Exam Cram 2 study guide for Server+ follows the general objective outline fairly closely. Pay particular attention to the following study aids provided in each chapter:

  • Terms you'll need to understand—At the beginning of each chapter is a list of terms, abbreviations, and acronyms that you'll need to know in order to get the most out of the chapter.
  • Concepts and techniques you'll need to master—When it comes to running a server installation, various tasks are highlighted at the beginning of each chapter because of their importance. Try memorizing as many of these tasks as you can during your chapter reviews.
  • Exam alerts—These flags appear next to material that should be focused on closely. They provide an extra warning that the material being covered will most likely appear somewhere in the exam. Be sure to remember these points and pay special attention whenever they are displayed.
  • Tips—Closely related background information that may or may not appear on the exam is included when the possibility of confusion over terminology exists, or when a controversial technical issue requires further explanation.
  • Exam prep questions—To help you prepare for the Server+ exam, questions covering the main topics are included at the end of each chapter along with explanations about both the correct and incorrect answers.
  • Details and resources—Each chapter ends with a section titled "Need to Know More?" which provides suggestions for locating additional sources of relevant information. Various publications, tutorials, and related websites are listed to provide optional research possibilities. They are not provided as "must read" sources, but merely as suggestions for gaining additional related information.

Using This Book

The topical structure in this book closely follows the eight technological domains making up the Server+ examination objectives. Because these topics tend to build on one another, those appearing in later chapters are easier to understand after the material in earlier chapters has been digested. After initially reading this book from front to back, use the index or table of contents to locate specific topics or questions that you feel you need to brush up on.

Don't neglect the Self-Assessment that follows this introduction. It will help you to identify exactly what you need to know in order to properly prepare yourself for taking the Server+ examination. Answer the questions presented to you honestly in order to accurately determine your readiness to take the exam.

This book is an important tool for use in preparing to take the Server+ exam, and we at Exam Cram 2 are determined to continue improving it for future test-takers. To that end, please feel free to share your thoughts about this book with us. Your comments and input will be carefully considered for later publications.


Most Exam Cram 2 study books include a Self-Assessment section in order to help the potential test-taker evaluate his or her potential for gaining the specified certification. In this case, the target exam is the CompTIA Server+ Certification SKO-002, and the following pages are designed to help you understand whether you are indeed ready to take it. You will undoubtedly want to pass this examination with an exceptional score, rather than a minimal one. Use the following information as a guide in identifying areas of concern that you may have in securing your Server+ certification.

Server Technology in the Real World

CompTIA certifications are designed to validate the holder's technical knowledge in a selected discipline. They serve to inform the personnel who work in various industrial employment departments that a prospective employee possesses the basic skill sets associated with a specified job title or description. Many currently employed individuals are ideal candidates for taking the SKO-002 exam because they already perform the duties specified in one or more of the following job titles:

  • Small or office computer network technician
  • Computer backup tape librarian
  • Internet website technician
  • Corporate network administrator
  • Computer operations supervisor
  • Corporate network support technician
  • Corporate network operator

The Ideal Server+ Certification Candidate

To get an idea of what activities or qualifications are involved with being a server-certified employee, examine the following list. These qualifications are not meant to discourage you, but to indicate the types of work experience and/or training that correspond to the attainment of this certification. If any of the descriptions fall outside your sphere of experience, your subsequent research and study should concentrate on these areas. Please understand that at least one or two years of academic training and work experience in the following technological areas, or extensive understanding not necessarily associated with active employment, will place you on the right track.

  • Experience maintaining, troubleshooting, and administering local area networks (LANs) or wide area networks (WANs)
  • Work experience with mainframe networks, computer workstations, and peripheral equipment
  • Knowledge or experience evaluating and/or installing computer hardware, networking software, and NOS software
  • Experience in the operation of a master console, for performance monitoring of a computer network system and the control of computer network system access
  • Holding of current A+ or Network+ certifications
  • Knowledge about loading computer backup tapes/disks, and installing application software
  • Experience using and networking computer peripheral equipment, as well as loading printer paper and forms
  • Problem-solving experience with network client and user services
  • Knowledge and/or experience implementing data, software, and hardware security procedures
  • Ability to perform routine network startup and shutdown procedures and to maintain control records/logs
  • Ability to perform data backups and disaster recovery operations

Putting Yourself to the Test

The following series of questions and suggestions are included to help you identify the areas that may need further attention before you actually take the exam. They are fairly specific in nature, rather than designed to provoke a right or wrong answer. The idea here is to prevent you from wasting the time and expense of taking an examination for which you may not yet be fully prepared. Do not become discouraged when the answer to a question is "no." This merely identifies a weak area in your background and provides a target for improvement.

It is possible that you as an individual possess the resourcefulness to train yourself in certain technological areas. Only you can make the determination as to how much additional knowledge, training, and on-the-job experience you may still need in addition to what you already have. However, keep the following points in mind when considering the required background of candidates suited to take the Server+ certification exam:

  • Knowledge of computer networking fundamentals and experience working with computer systems would be helpful.
  • Work experience with a server system, either as a paid technician, or through the installation and administration of a home server network using recognized industry best practices, would make you an ideal test candidate.

Educational Background

  1. Are you familiar with basic electrical circuits or electronic fundamentals? (Yes or No)
  2. Have you ever taken any classes related to digital circuits or computer electronics? (Yes or No)
  3. Have you taken any courses related to computer networking or server operations? (Yes or No)

If you answered "Yes" to these three questions, you are on track toward gaining a Server+ certification. The administration and technical servicing aspects of server networking require a familiarity with digital electronic circuits and computer operations. The fundamental concepts of computer networking are also necessary for understanding how server networks function.

If you answered "No" to questions 1 or 2, you may want to read about the fundamentals of digital electronics with emphasis on basic computer circuitry. The following books may be useful in exploring these important topics:

  • Digital Computer Electronics, 3rd edition, by Albert P. Malvino and Jerald A. Brown, McGraw-Hill (ISBN: 0028005945)
  • Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach by John L. Hennessey, Morgan Kaufmann Publications (ISBN: 1558605967)

If you answered "No" to question 3, you may want to examine server networks more closely by reading the following books:

  • Sams Teach Yourself Microsoft Windows Server 2003 in 24 Hours by Joe Habraken, Pearson Education, Sams Publishing (ISBN: 0672324946)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Delta Guide, 2nd edition, by Don Jones and Mark Rouse, Pearson Education, Sams Publishing (ISBN: 0672326639)

Work or Hands-on Experience

One of the more important considerations in preparing for the Server+ Certification Exam is to take advantage of any and all related experience you may have with server network operating systems, including Windows 2000 Server, Windows Server 2003, Novell NetWare 6.5, IBM OS/2 Warp Server, UNIX, and Linux. Knowledge about and experience with any of these systems should put you in a favorable position for seeking a Server+ certification. There is simply no substitution for the experience gained through installing, configuring, and maintaining these types of server network operating systems. Think about what experience you might have with these products as you answer the following questions:

  1. Have you ever installed, configured, or maintained any of the server-based network operating systems listed in the preceding paragraph?
  2. Have you ever participated in the hardware or software upgrade of an existing server network?
  3. Have you ever participated in a company-wide server system backup operation for the protection of vital company data?
  4. Have you ever been involved in any troubleshooting scenarios involving a commercial server network system?
  5. For a given server network installation, have you ever been involved with a major environmental improvement, change, or disaster that directly affected the well-being of a server network?
  6. For a given server network installation, have you ever performed a full, differential, or incremental backup of a commercial server network?
  7. For a given server network installation, have you ever been involved in a disaster recovery procedure that directly affected the continued profitability of a commercial enterprise?

If you were able to answer "yes" to all seven of these questions, you are definitely a candidate for earning your Server+ certification. Where "no" answers were given, realize that these are the areas that will require additional attention, through the research of related articles or publications. Good places to begin are the "Need To Know More?" sections at the end of each chapter.

Assessing Readiness for Exam SKO-002

Some very important tools are available to you for improving your chances of successfully passing the exam. An exam costing more than $160 is worth passing the first time! No one wants to spend that much merely to satisfy some misplaced curiosity about whether or not he or she can pass the exam, because an exam retake will require an equal sum. The reading material listed in this self-assessment section is ideal for added preparation, as are the books and articles listed at the end of each chapter in the "Need to Know More?" sections. In addition to the two practice exams contained in this book, its accompanying CD contains a practice exam that will help you to identify those areas that require additional preparation.

More Resources for Assessing Your Exam Readiness

Although this self-assessment section contains many useful sources of information, you will find it worthwhile to go to the CompTIA website at for the latest news about the Server+ certification exam. Among the postings there are the test objectives for the exam along with a Server+ Exam Study Guide, which includes a detailed overview of new and updated server technologies, key practical information, reference websites, and sample exam questions for each objective.

Onward, Through the Fog

After you have earnestly assessed your preparation for the Server+ certification exam, researched the latest information about server technology, products, or systems, and acquired enough practical experience in the operation of server networks to master their basic concepts, you'll be ready to take some practice exams. They will definitely help you to become familiar with the related terminology, and together with the accompanying assessment steps will thoroughly prepare you for the day when you finalize your examination appointment. Don't be reluctant to repeat the practice exams until the terminology related to server technology seems familiar. Good luck to you!

© Copyright Pearson Education. All rights reserved.

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