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Overview

How students get the materials they need as opportunities for higher education expand but funding shrinks.

From the top down, Shadow Libraries explores the institutions that shape the provision of educational materials, from the formal sector of universities and publishers to the broadly informal ones organized by faculty, copy shops, student unions, and students themselves. It looks at the history of policy battles over access to education in the post–World War II era and at the narrower versions that have played out in relation toresearch and textbooks, from library policies to book subsidies to, more recently, the several “open” publication models that have emerged in the higher education sector.

From the bottom up, Shadow Libraries explores how, simply, students get the materials they need. It maps the ubiquitous practice of photocopying and what are—in many cases—the more marginal ones of buying books, visiting libraries, and downloading from unauthorized sources. It looks at the informal networks that emerge in many contexts to share materials, from face-to-face student networks to Facebook groups, and at the processes that lead to the consolidation of some of those efforts into more organized archives that circulate offline and sometimes online— the shadow libraries of the title. If Alexandra Elbakyan's Sci-Hub is the largest of these efforts to date, the more characteristic part of her story is the prologue: the personal struggle to participate in global scientific and educational communities, and the recourse to a wide array of ad hoc strategies and networks when formal, authorized means are lacking. If Elbakyan's story has struck a chord, it is in part because it brings this contradiction in the academic project into sharp relief—universalist in principle and unequal in practice. Shadow Libraries is a study of that tension in the digital era.

Contributors
Balázs Bodó, Laura Czerniewicz, Miroslaw Filiciak, Mariana Fossatti, Jorge Gemetto, Eve Gray, Evelin Heidel, Joe Karaganis, Lawrence Liang, Pedro Mizukami, Jhessica Reia, Alek Tarkowski

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780262535014
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 05/04/2018
Series: International Development Research Centre
Pages: 320
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Joe Karaganis is Vice President of The American Assembly, a public policy institute at Columbia University, and editor of Media Piracy in Emerging Economies .

Table of Contents

1 Introduction: Access from Above, Access from Below Joe Karaganis 1

2 The Genesis of Library Genesis: The Birth of a Global Scholarly Shadow Library Balázs Bodó 25

3 Library Genesis in Numbers: Mapping the Underground Flow of Knowledge Balázs Bodó 53

4 Argentina: A Student-Made Ecosystem in an Era of State Retreat Evelin Heidel 79

5 Access to Learning Resources in Post-apartheid South Africa Eve Gray Laura Czerniewicz 107

6 Poland: Where the State Ends, the Hamster Begins Miroslaw Filiciak Alek Tarkowski 159

7 India: The Knowledge Thief Lawrence Liang 183

8 Brazil: The Copy Shop and the Cloud Pedro Mizukami Jhessica Reia 233

9 Coda: Uruguay Jorge Gemetto Mariana Fossatti 273

Contributors 279

Index 283

What People are Saying About This

Craig Calhoun

New technologies facilitate new forms of access to knowledge. Globalization makes far-flung sources important. Yet upheavals in both publishing and higher education have made access to knowledge newly complicated. Shadow Libraries offers a guide to the ways teachers and students learn what is being taught and what is available. It's important for both understanding what's going on and improving practice.

From the Publisher

New technologies facilitate new forms of access to knowledge. Globalization makes far-flung sources important. Yet upheavals in both publishing and higher education have made access to knowledge newly complicated. Shadow Libraries offers a guide to the ways teachers and students learn what is being taught and what is available. It's important for both understanding what's going on and improving practice.

Craig Calhoun , Former Director and President of the London School of Economics

Endorsement

New technologies facilitate new forms of access to knowledge. Globalization makes far-flung sources important. Yet upheavals in both publishing and higher education have made access to knowledge newly complicated. Shadow Libraries offers a guide to the ways teachers and students learn what is being taught and what is available. It's important for both understanding what's going on and improving practice.

Craig Calhoun, Former Director and President of the London School of Economics

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