Shaka Zulu was successful in establishing Zulu dominance in southern Africa because he was a great strategist and military innovator. His politicalobjective was to expand his territory with the unification of neighboring clans and war was the primary means used to achieve this. His employmentoftactics to achieve strategic objectives is reminiscent of operational art as it relates to the arrangement of military forces in time, space, andpurpose. In order to achieve his political objectives, Shaka reorganized his clan, developed an intelligence network, and employed new tactics andstrategies in his quest to form a new system of war thus allowing him to change the society and the nature of warfare in southern Africa. Shakabecame the military architect of southern Africa unification. Through the application of his innovative tactical actions and weapons, Shakaexpanded his territory from a local district of a few hundred square miles to thousands of square miles. This was achieved by his unique ability totransform a small volunteer army of approximately 400 men to a standing army of 70,000 highly trained and disciplined soldiers. His victoriousmilitary campaigns against other clans culminated with the creation of the Zulu empire in just ten years.