Shame and Attachment Loss: The Practical Work of Reparative Therapy

Shame and Attachment Loss: The Practical Work of Reparative Therapy

by Joseph Nicolosi

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Overview

Bringing together a Judeo-Christian anthropology with biological and psychodynamic theories of human development and sexuality, psychologist Joseph Nicolosi details the therapeutic techniques of reparative therapy he has developed over the past decades.


Written in three parts, the book first describes the nature of the psychodynamics of same-sex attraction as understood in the reparative therapy approach. The second part describes the various phases of treatment. The final part deals with walking clients through the process of grieving and the healing of their wounding.


Endorsed by numerous notable leaders in psychotherapy, Nicolosi offers practical guidance for counselors and therapists who want to offer reparative therapy to those seeking change.



Revised edition with new chapter on EMDR.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780997637304
Publisher: Liberal Mind Publishers
Publication date: 07/28/2016
Edition description: Revised with New Chapter on Emdr ed.
Pages: 518
Sales rank: 36,328
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.40(d)

About the Author

Dr. Nicolosi graduated from the New School for Social Research (M.A.) and received his Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the California School of Professional Psychology, Los Angeles. He is licensed as a psychologist in California.
In 1980, he founded the Thomas Aquinas Psychological Clinic in Encino, California, and has served since then as Clinical Director. Although he works with a wide variety of clients, his specialty is the treatment of men who wish to diminish their same-sex attractions and develop their heterosexual potential.

Table of Contents

Contents
List of Figures and Tables xi
Foreword by H. Newton Maloney xiii
Foreword by Robert Perloff xv
Acknowledgments xvii
Introduction 1
part one: Psychodynamics of Homosexuality
1 Overview: Advances in Reparative Therapy 15
2 Family Dynamics 25
3 Homosexuality as a Shame-Based Symptom 45
4 Homosexuality as a Repetition Compulsion 77
5 Homosexuality as a Reparative Drive 85
part two: Treatment: Affect-Focused Therapy
6 The Primacy of Affect 123
7 The Body 135
8 Reparative Body Work: The Two-Triangle Sequence 145
9 Reparative Body Work: Working The Two-Triangle Sequence 175
10 The Double Bind 203
11 The Double Loop 211
12 From Double Bind to Double Loop 227
13 The Scenario Preceding Homosexual Enactment 241
x shame and attachment loss
14 Working Through the Scenario Preceding Homosexual
Enactment 261
15 Journaling 289
16 Counseling Teenagers 293
17 Male Friendships 311
18 Relationships with Women 327
Part Three: Grief Work
19 The Role of Grief Work in Reparative Therapy 361
20 Approaching the Core Injury 369
21 Defenses Against Grief 413
22 Homosexual Enactment as an Opportunity for Grief Work 434
23 Resolution of Grief: A Life Without Illusions and Distortions 449
Appendix:
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
in Reparative Therapy 461
Notes 477
References 483
Index 495
xi
List of Figures and Tables
Figures
2.1 Classic triadic relationship 26
2.2 Closer look at the classic triadic relationship 27
3.1 Failure of paternal bonding 60
3.2 Th e four phases of gay identity 71
5.1 Humility 109
7.1. Body language 139
8.1 Session sequence 146
10.1 Th e double bind 204
10.2 Th e double bind message 206
11.1 Th e double loop message 213
11.2 Double loop: Aff ective containment 214
11.3 Double loop: Intrapsychic and interpersonal 215
12.1 Double bind and double loop 228
12.2 Double looping the double bind 238
13.1 Th e false self 248
13.2 Th e gray zone 251
13.3 Emotions of the gray zone 253
13.4 Th e gray zone and homosexual enactment 254
14.1 Shame leads to the gray zone or grief 263
14.2 Assertion-shame confl ict model 270
14.3 Avoiding the preceding scenario 274
14.4 Th e envy moment, a particular kind of shame moment 283
14.5 Basic intervention modalities 288
20.1 Two pathways into grief 371
20.2 Shame and grief 383
20.3 Triangle of containment 384
22.1 Homosexual enactment as an opportunity for grief work 436
Tables
3.1 Basic Distinctions Between Pre-Gender and Post-Gender
Male Homosexuals 74
5.1 Signs of the True Self Versus the False Self 119
7.1 Four Negative and Two Positive Innate Affects 141
12.1 Two Ways Client Sabotages the Therapeutic Double Loop 240
13.1 Th e Five Self-States and Fosha's Criteria 259

What People are Saying About This

A. Dean Byrd

"In this richly detailed book, Dr. Nicolosi shares his experiences of many years working with same-sex-attracted men who want to diminish their unwanted attractions and develop their heterosexual potential.
Nicolosi is convinced that the world's great religious traditions are right: humanity was designed for gender-complementary coupling. The mental-health associations must respect this viewpoint; to do otherwise would be a gross violation of worldview diversity as well as the client's right to freedom and self-determination.

"This new book is a rich source of information--written by an astute clinician whose work with same-sex-attracted clients has been groundbreaking, beginning with his 1991 book, Reparative Therapy."
A. Dean Byrd, Ph.D., M.B.A., M.P.H., Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, University of Utah, and president, National Association of Research and Therapy of Homosexuality (NARTH)

Stanton L. Jones

"Nicolosi brings extensive professional clinical perspective and deep immersion in the historical literature in this area to his reflections on work with individuals experiencing unwanted same-sex attraction.This volume offers fruitful clinical hypotheses for exploration.Nicolosi shows balance in acknowledging possible biological and psychological contributors to causation, in exploring what full informed consent for consultation entails, in respecting appropriate clinical boundaries in professional consultation, and in acknowledging the experiences of those who find such work unproductive as well as those reporting success."
Stanton L. Jones, provost and professor of psychology, Wheaton College

Roger Sonnenberg

"I have just finished reading this book, and I only wish there had been such research and words of hope earlier in my ministry in counseling homosexuals. Nicolosi's book offers a refreshing cool cup of reason and hope on one of the most heated topics today. This is a must-read not only for the homosexual who is struggling over his sexuality but for every parish pastor, counselor and therapist. As a university professor of graduate studies in family ministry, it will be on my list of required textbooks."
Roger Sonnenberg, M.Div., M.A. (pastoral psychotherapy), professor of graduate studies in family ministry, Concordia University, and author of Human Sexuality: A Christian Perspective

Benjamin Kaufman

"As readers have come to expect from Dr. Nicolosi, Shame and Attachment Loss: The Practical Work of Reparative Therapy again is an enormous contribution to making the complexities of homosexuality and its treatment more coherent for parents, therapists and anyone concerned about cultural issues. Dr. Nicolosi continues his pathway of contributing clinically and philosophically in the traditions of a scholar."
Benjamin Kaufman, M.D., Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, University of California--Davis, and psychoanalyst

Arthur Goldberg

"A legend in the world of gender affirmation, Joe Nicolosi devoted much of his professional career to educating the Western world that a change of sexual orientation is possible. Having written three other books on the subject, Nicolosi offers us this latest book, Shame and Attachment Loss: The Practical Work of Reparative Therapy, which represents his most recent insights and personal growth in understanding and treating those with unwanted same-sex attractions. Initially conceptualizing homosexual attraction as a striving 'to repair gender deficits,' he now sees it more broadly as a striving 'to repair deep self-deficits' and as a 'defense against trauma to the core self.' From this profoundly insightful premise, the text principally addresses mental-health professionals and faith-based ministry leaders to explain the psychodynamics of homosexuality, its treatment modalities, and the role and resolution of grief in Reparative Therapy. Not only are brilliant new insights found throughout this volume, but it shows how the Judeo-Christian worldview is aligned with practical psychological techniques for healing. I recommendthis 'must-read' bookto anyone who cares to learn about either the causes or treatment of homosexuality. The library of every mental-health professional, ministry leader and individual concerned about the sexual confusion that runs rampant in today's world should include this book."
Arthur Goldberg, codirector, JONAH, and author of Light in the Closet: Torah,Homosexuality, and the Power to Change

William J. Abraham

"For those who have freely made up their mind to find a different way forward in dealing with the challenges of homosexuality, this book is a godsend. Joseph Nicolosi has provided a first-rate manual that tackles the issues head-on, that works from the best evidence available and that is rooted in years of therapeutic practice. We have long needed a book like this: respectful of human choices, realistic in its central claims, clear about its theoretical foundations, aware of relevant objections and robust in its proposed clinical solutions. Every pastor and therapist, whatever their personal theological or moral commitments, should have this book in their library. They owe this to all those who are reaching for an alternative to the sexual ideology of our culture; they also owe it to the demands of common honesty and of intellectual virtue."
William J. Abraham, Ph.D., Albert Cook Outler Professor of Wesley Studies and Altshuler Distinguished Teaching Professor, Perkins School of Theology, Southern Methodist University

Janelle Hallman

"In this groundbreaking book, Nicolosi, a pioneer in the field of reparative therapy, introduces clinicians to the influence of shame and attachment loss within a same-sex drive. By integrating multiple theoretical bases, Nicolosi has developed and effectively presents a fresh and comprehensive framework for understanding and treating male SSA. The techniques and strategies discussed within this cutting-edge work not only guide therapists in their work with homosexual strugglers but also will provide insight into many other clinical cases. This is a must-read and an essential resource for any counselor's library. It will have a lasting impact on how the scientific and professional mental health communities view and comprehend homosexuality."
Janelle Hallman, M.A., L.P.C., author of The Heart of Female Same-Sex Attraction

Jeffrey Burke Satinover

"For the therapy of unwanted same-sex attraction, very few people have had the depth of experience and wide-ranging success of Joe Nicolosi. A master in the field has here distilled that experience equally for the professional and the interested layperson.
Every genuinely open-minded therapist should be familiar with the important insights that Dr. Nicolosi provides. This book can and should likewise provide the foundation for courses that train interested professionals in the art and science of helping to reverse homosexuality and restore heterosexual desire and functioning to those who seek such changes."
Jeffrey Burke Satinover, M.D., diplomate, American Board of Psychiatry; diplomate, American Board of Neurology; diplomate, C. G. Jung Institute of Zurich, Switzerland; and author of Homosexuality and the Politics of Truth

Johanna Tabin

"Joseph Nicolosi has achieved in this book what could only be the culmination of decades of clinical observation and scholarly integration of what is known today about the origins and treatment of homosexuality when it is not ego-syntonic. The popular press fosters an idea that the reason for rejecting homosexual impulses must be traditional social disapproval. Objective scientific study says otherwise. Nicolosi uncovers complex shame- and attachment-based motivations behind homosexual behavior, and provides clinical examples to show how reparative work can be freeing to those with the courage to explore sources of pain so long hidden from consciousness. For those in the field who want to hold on to prevailing notions about homosexuality, Shame and Attachment Loss is a book to avoid. But anyone who does read it will be rewarded with a cogent understanding of personality development and family dynamics and our need to take the psychotherapeutic journey with each individual as a fresh adventure."
Johanna Tabin, Ph.D., member of American Psychological Association and Division 38 Psychoanalysis, and author of On the Way to Self: Ego and Early Oedipal Development

Neil Whitehead

"Dr. Nicolosi's latest book is, as ever, a continuation of insightful writing based firmly on his clinical experience. Although the basic therapeutic approach has stood the test of time, it has been refined in the light of experience. Many myths about reparative therapy are refuted by this book, and no one reading it could believe any longer that such therapists are primarily motivated by anti-gay feelings. Considerable care of clients is clearly evident in the many transcripts included. The approach is refreshingly non-doctrinaire. Although the book is intended for therapists, there is also much here that would deepen the understanding of nontherapists. Even critics who abhor this type of therapy might find their opinions modified if they read this book."
Neil Whitehead, Ph.D, scientific research consultant, and author of My Genes Made Me Do It: A Scientific Look at Homosexual Orientation and over 120 published scientific papers

Nicholas A. Cummings

"In the current contentious and divisive climate that surrounds the treatment of homosexuality, the well-being of thousands of patients is at stake. Therefore, it is imperative that militant attempts at censorship and ideologies that would limit open inquiry be set aside in the interest of clinical integrity. The right of the patient to choose his or her therapeutic goals is paramount, and attempts to stifle the patient's freedom of choice are not only egregious but also contrary to the basic commitment of all health care itself.

"For this reason, even though I disagree with some cause-and-effect relationships proffered in this book, Dr. Nicolosi's point of view must be part of the equation in an honest, open deliberation until we arrive at ultimate scientific and clinical fact. In my over sixty years of practice as a psychologist I have seen many conditions, both medical and psychological, that were once regarded as incurable to now be readily treatable. In this early stage of the heated debate on the treatment of homosexuality and same-sex attraction, to prematurely remand all homosexuals to an unchangeable lifestyle would be a disservice to the worst order."
Nicholas A. Cummings, Ph.D., Sc.D., Distinguished Professor, University of Nevada, Reno, and president, Cummings Foundation for Behavioral Health

H. Newton Malony

"I would like to take this opportunity to recommend to you the publication of this important volume by Dr. Joseph Nicolosi. Having served in the education and training of therapists for many years, I commend his work for the following reasons. First, although reparative therapy has been maligned by some in Division 12 (Clinical) of the American Psychological Association, it has not been rejected as a therapeutic modality for those seeking to change their sexual orientation, especially Christians or other religious or morally motivated persons.

"Second, while there is currently a strong emphasis on empirically validated treatment modalities, all approaches initially began as theories which were clinically applied long before they were subjected to controlled clinical studies.Reparative therapy as described in Nicolosi's volume is one such modality.Empirical validation will be the next step in its development but it should not be discounted merely for being at this stage in its development.

"Third, reparative therapy, as detailed by Nicolosi, is not presented as a therapeutic cure-all nor is it presented as a model that explains each and every incidence of homosexuality.Reparative therapy is offered as a hopeful remedy grounded in one environmentally significant determinant--namely, family interaction. It is also offered as an option for religiously motivated persons who are seeking some alternative to the view that they cannot change.

In summary, Nicolosi is making room for the social-environmental hypothesis. His theories are a significant upgrading of the classic psychoanalytic model, one that accords well with classical Judeo-Christian teachings. Although in our current atmosphere there may be some risk in the publication of this book, I welcome Nicolosi's bold and valuable contribution to psychotherapy in the hope that it would influence the field to become more balanced in its approach."
H. Newton Malony, Ph.D., senior professor, Graduate School of Psychology, Fuller Theological Seminary

George A. Rekers

"As an internationally recognized clinical expert on reparative therapy for unwanted homosexual attractions, Dr. Joseph Nicolosi has written a theoretically sound, clinically insightful, intellectually brilliant and highly compassionate practical book that will no doubt become a standard professional reference for psychologists, psychiatrists and other mental-health clinicians treating individuals troubled by their homosexual impulses. This book is not only psychologically sound and theoretically insightful, but it is consistent with the Judeo-Christian theological understanding of the creation of humans as male and female and the normality of close emotional, nonsexual relationships among men."
George A. Rekers, Ph.D., Th.D., FAACP, Distinguished Professor of Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Science Emeritus, University of South Carolina School of Medicine

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