The arrangement of this four-volume reference source for middle through senior high school students and teachers on the post-Revolutionary period of American history resembles that of the authors' previous Crime and Punishment in America (UXL, 2004). The Almanac begins with ten chapters that chronologically address the major events of the period, e.g., "The Decline of Federalism" and "The War of 1812." Five more chapters follow, concerning the farming society; religion's influence; everyday life; slavery, free blacks, and Native Americans; and Western expansion. The two-volume Biographies covers 51 well known and less well known Americans who played key roles during this era, among them the Founding Fathers; Sarah Pierce, who created the first school for the higher education of women; black social activist Prince Hall; and Native Americans such as Little Turtle and Sacajawea. Essays range in length from nine pages for less influential persons to 20 pages for someone with as much historical significance as Thomas Jefferson. Primary Sources, which comprises the fourth volume, and focuses on 18 excerpted documents running the gamut from presidential speeches, treaties, and legislation to a midwife's diary. Each volume contains an introduction, 60-120 black-and-white illustrations, sidebars, a time line, at least one glossary, sources for further reading, and an index. In addition, the Almanac and Primary Sources offer a list of research and activity ideas and maps, and Biographies includes cross references. A separate Cumulative Index combines the indexes of each of the four volumes. Bottom Line The complementary material in each volume lends interest, information, and ease of use to the set. This reviewer's test using a standard reading-level calculator indicated that all four volumes averaged a minimum 12th-grade reading level. The set's format and extensive aids for students and teachers result in an outstanding resource for supplementary reading and research projects that would be welcome in secondary school libraries. [This work is also available as an e-book through the Gale Virtual Reference Library.-Ed.]-Stanley P. Hodge, formerly with Ball State Univ. Lib., Muncie, IN Copyright 2006 Reed Business Information.