Sherlock Holmes premiered at the Star Theatre in Buffalo in 1899 after a copyright performance in England. It then toured Rochester and Syracuse, and Scranton and Wilkes-Barre in Pennsylvania before playing at Broadway's Garrick Theater in November of 1899. Gillette's most significant contributions to the theater were in devising realistic stage settings and special sound and lighting effects, which he applied lavishly in Sherlock Holmes. The play was an instant success and, after Broadway, toured nationally, returned to England where it had started, and was produced in other Countries such as Australia, Sweden, and South Africa.
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About the Author
William Hooker Gillette (1853 - 1937) was an American actor, playwright and stage-manager of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. He is best remembered today as the personification of Sherlock Holmes on stage and helped to create the modern image of the detective with the deerstalker cap and curved pipe that became synonymous with the character. He performed the role of Holmes on stage over 1,300 times, in a silent motion picture based on his Sherlock Holmes play, and twice on radio.