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Taylor & Francis


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Shifting Logic in Area Development Practices / Edition 1

Within the arena of international development co-operation, favoured development policies and project approaches change over time in normative, strategic and operational content. Area-specific approaches appear to be selected on three interlinked grounds: on key development practitioners' own inward-looking perspectives; on their outward-looking, professional bodies of knowledge; on their problem and action orientations as continuously tried out in practice.

From a lifelong "remote" journey as project development workers, the authors of this unique volume bring together seven in-depth case studies from Africa and Asia, ranging from the 1960s to the present. They investigate whether "foreign" projects influence "iron-caged" policy attitudes at national level, and whether they could bring about changes in a strategic and operational sense. The book will appeal to academics and professionals in the fields of planning and development studies, in particular development politics and geography, and rural development.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780754631408
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 04/01/2004
Series: King's SOAS Studies in Development Geography
Pages: 428
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 8.60(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures, Appendices, Tables and Mapsix
Abbreviations and Glossaryxii
About the Authorsxv
Dear Third World Development Practitionerxix
Another Forewordxxi
1In Search of Appropriate Knowledge for Sustainable Poverty Alleviation1
1.1Appropriate knowledge bases5
1.2'Playing decks' or perspectives on public resource management9
1.3Changes in prevailing development views and practices11
1.4The institutional environment: power bases for action15
1.5Reflection versus day-to-day reality20
1.6Focus of the study22
1.7Research questions, methodology and design24
1.7.1Research questions24
1.7.2Practice first26
1.7.3How to turn received academic and practical knowledge into improved practices27
2Emergence of Professional Repertoires for Local Area Development (Planning and Resource Management)29
2.0Reader's guide: getting on a reflective but remote track together29
2.0.1Prologue: common up- and down-swings in the mindsets of 'planistrators'32
2.0.2Inner-directed account of practical consciousness: author's personal stance exposed34
2.0.3Fleshing out three perspective axes: a cool-headed research strategy proposed37
2.1Axis 1 with normative inward-looking intentions: our inner semiotic software being exposed43
2.1.1Habitudes beyond the 'hard' rationalist granite of self-interest: a strongly man-centered, culturalist view43
2.1.2Shifts in cognitive guidelines: streamlining our man-centered and stratified universe through a classificatory tool50
2.1.3LADPM-dispositions along life trajectory wobbling between optimistic (orthodox/emotivist) and pessimistic (fatalistic/tragic) outlooks on human affairs61
2.2Reconciliation of conflicts in multi-level area development planning: urging on sequential capacity improvement 'from below'67
2.2.0Changing context of local development administration, and divergent information requirements based on organisational learning loops69
2.2.1Propositions regarding rival schools of development thought in a socio-spatial sense72
2.2.2Propositions on regional development theories, typologies and strategies 'from above and below'83
2.2.3Propositions on rural settlement and infrastructure planning, limited to strategic policy options97
3Foreign-Aided Projects in Practice109
3.1Technical assistance in international development co-operation at a glance109
3.2The identification of foreign-funded development projects112
3.3The implementation of foreign technical assistance in development projects117
3.3.1The organisational setting117
3.3.2The expatriate practitioners118
3.3.3Co-operating with counterparts120
3.3.4Time pressure124
3.3.5Process versus product at the end of the day124
3.4Role models in transfer of knowledge126
3.4.1Expatriate and local practitioners on loyalty, voice and exit126
4Reflections on LADPM-Practices along Axis 3: Staggering Backwards into the Future along Four Historical Learning-by-Doing Loops131
4.1Prologue: how the medium moulds the culturalist message131
4.1.1The rational/utilitarian one-way route 'from peasant to farmer': juggling between this study's axes 1-3 during the 1960s in Sierra Leone134
4.1.2Historical notes for an eventual regionalisation of national development efforts in Sierra Leone, West Africa139
4.2Rural settlement planning by forced resettlement, i.e. villagisation schemes in Tanzania, East Africa154
4.2.1'Great leap forward' after the Arusha-Resolutions of 1967 under Julius Nyerere155
4.2.2The surge in regional development planning, with special reference to the neglected Shinyanga region in Tanzania, East Africa162
4.3Organisational and institutional learning coming into view: constructivist pragmatism thrown into gear180
4.3.1Introduction to social learning in the Rada case study180
4.3.2Rada Integrated Rural Development Project (=RIRDP)185
4.4Theory and practice of foreign assistance to regional development planning: the case of peripheral rural areas in Aceh, Indonesia214
4.4.1General introduction to Aceh Tengah/Utara and a staged regional planning methodology214
4.4.2Institutional Development Assistance Project, 1977-1986218
4.4.3Lessons from nine years of IDAP management experiences226
4.5Reduced regional planning study for Tikar Plain in Cameroon234
4.5.1Background of the planning study234
4.5.2Assignment to Dutch consultant, and experts' performances234
4.5.3A 'lilliputian' approach towards capacity improvement244
4.6Re-absorbing ancient myths on Nemesis versus Hubris: an epilogue249
5Local Area Development Planning and Management in the Province of West Java and the Province of the Special Territory of Aceh, Indonesia255
5.1Personal perspectives255
5.2Historical and political context of the projects260
5.3Towards training and planning in West Java263
5.3.1System, structure and participatory development planning in Indonesia267
5.3.2Bhinneka Tunggal Ika268
5.3.3The structure of government and development planning270
5.3.4Bottom-up planning procedures274
5.3.5The West Java Regional Development Planning Project LTA-47: the project setting279
5.3.6The strategic development framework approach280
5.3.7The case of Sukabumi: conditions and trends283
5.3.8Sukabumi in 1994285
5.3.9Development goals and objectives 1989-1994287
5.3.10Conflicting objectives288
5.3.11Development strategy289
5.3.12Envisaged situation in 1994290
5.3.13Application of the strategic development framework approach291
5.3.14A strategic development framework for Sukabumi292
5.3.15Further improvements293
5.3.17Looking back ten years after: reflecting on action in West Java296
5.4Between strategy and implementation: the case of the Central Aceh Smallholders Coffee Development Project303
5.4.1Central and North Aceh Rural Development Programme LTA-77: origins of the project and the wider socio-political context304
5.4.2The administrative context: the Provincial Area Development Programme308
5.4.3The first phase: 1984-1989312
5.4.4The second phase: 1989-1992318
5.4.5Establishing village processing facilities321
5.4.6The nursery development programme325
5.4.7The after-care phase328
5.4.8A personal comment329
5.4.9Looking back eight years after: reflection on action in Aceh330
6Some Conclusions on Planning and Management of Local Area Development at the Start of the New Millennium341
6.1Looking back341
6.2Concluding remarks343
6.3An emancipatory three-pronged approach towards capacity improvement in local area planning and its implementation346
6.4A changing context349
6.5Challenges facing development practitioners in the twenty-first century353

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