ISBN-10:
0136056288
ISBN-13:
9780136056287
Pub. Date:
05/02/2008
Publisher:
Pearson
A Short History of Renaissance and Reformation Europe / Edition 4

A Short History of Renaissance and Reformation Europe / Edition 4

by Jonathan W. Zophy

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780136056287
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 05/02/2008
Series: MySearchLab Series 15% off Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 360
Sales rank: 403,567
Product dimensions: 6.80(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.40(d)

About the Author

Jonathan W. Zophy is a professor of history at the University of Houston-Clear Lake, where he teaches courses in Renaissance and Reformation history. A winner of several teaching awards, his previous books are: Patriarchal Politics and Christoph Kress (1484-1535) of Nuremberg, The Social History of the Reformation (edited with Lawrence P. Buck), The Holy Roman Empire: A Dictionary Handbook, and An Annotated Bibliography of the Holy Roman Empire.

Table of Contents

Preface

1. Introduction: The Best and Worst of Times

The Problem of the Renaissance

The Reformation

Dances over Fire and Water?

General Chronology

Further Reading

2. The Peoples of Europe

The Peasantry

A Culture of Poverty: Village Life

The Continuities of Life for Men, Women, and Children

Town Dwellers

Daily Life

Urban Women

Social Tensions

The Rise of the Capitalists

Jacob Fugger the Rich

Muslims

Slaves from Africa and the Levant

Jews

The Nobility

Mercenary and Robber Nobles

The Refinement of Manners

The Clergy

Further Reading

Notes

3. An Age of Disasters

The Black Death, 1347-1350

Peasant and Artisan Revolts

Troubles in the Church

The Babylonian Captivity, 1305-1350

The Western Schism of 1378-1417

The Burning of Jan Hus (c. 1372-1415)

The Hussite Revolt

The Hundred Years’ War, 1455-1485

Chronology

Further Reading

Notes

4. Italy : Home of the Renaissance

Florence: “The Most Beautiful of Cities”

The Medici in Florence

The Rise of the Medici Banking Empire

The Magnificent Lorenzo (1449-1492)

The Pazzi Plot of 1478

The Fall of the Medici

The Fiery Domican: Savonarola

The Return of the Medici

Rome and the Papal States

Cola di Rienzo (1313-1354)

Renaissance Popes

Naples and Sicily

The Reigns of Joanna II (1414-1435), Alfonso V (1416-1458),

and Ferrante I (1458-1494)

The Power of Milan

The Rise and Fall of the Sforza, 1450-1499

The Mantua of Issabella d’Este

Duke Federigo’s Urbino

Venice : The Queen of the Adriatic

Venetian Politics and Society

Venice and the Arts

5. The Culture of Renaissance Humanism in Italy

Setting the Agenda: Early Renaissance Humanists

Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374)

Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375)

Civic Humanists

Coluccio Salutati (1331-1406)

Leonardo Bruni (1370-1444)

The Illustrious Lorenzo Valla (c. 1407-1457)

Women Humanists

Isotta Nogarola (1418-1466)

Laura Cereta (1469-1499)

Humanists as Philosophers, Historians, and Social Theorists

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494)

Lions and Foxes: Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527)

Machiavelli’s Writings

Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540)

Baldassare Castiglione (1478-1529)

The Flowering of Italian Literature

The Poet as Blackmailer: Pietro Aretino (1492-1556)

The Honest Courtesan: Veronica Franco (1546-1591)

Vittoria Colonna

Chronology

Further Reading

Notes

6. Painting in Renaissance Italy

Early Renaissance Painting: Giotto

Masacio (1401-1428)

A Distinctive Style: Sandro Botticelli (c. 1444-1510)

The High Renaissance

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564) as a Painter

Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520)

The Prolific Titian (c. 1488-1576)

Sofonisba Anguissola (c. 1532-1625)

Artemisia Gentileschi (1593-c. 1632)

Chronology

Further Reading

Notes

7 . Renaissance Sculpture, Architecture, and Music

The Fatiguing Art: Sculpture

Lorenzo Ghiberti (c. 1381-1455)

Donatello (1386-1466)

Michelangelo as a Sculptor

Architecture

Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446)

Michelozzo Michelozzi (1396-1472)

Bramante (1444-1514)

Women in Sculpture and Architecture

The Sounds of the Universe: Music

Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)

Chronology

Further Reading

Notes

8. The Northern Monarchies and Their Overseas Expansion

The Political World

The Disappearance of Burgundy

France under François I (r. 1515-1547)

England under the Early Tudors

Spain under Isabella and Ferdinand

The Holy Roman Empire

Scandinavia and Margaret of Denmark

Eastern Europe

The Overseas Expansion of Europe

Henry the Navigator and Portuguese Exploration

Christopher Columbus (1451-1506)

Other European Explorers

The Spanish Conquest of the Americas

Hernan Cortés (1485-1547)

Francesco Pizarro (c. 1475-1541)

Chronology

Further Reading

Notes

9. The Renaissance in the North

The Literary Culture of the North

Christine de Pizan (1365-c. 1429)

Later French Writers

François Villon (1431-c. 1464)

Louise Labé (c. 1520-1566)

Marguerite of Navarre (1492-1549)

François Rabelais (1483-1553)

The Emergence of the Vernacular in England

William Shakespeare: The Bard of Avon

Other Writers of the Elizabethan Renaissance

The Golden Age of Spanish Literature

The Fine Arts in the North

Jan van Eyck

Later Flemish Painting

Renaissance Art in Germany

Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528)

Lucas Cranach (1472-1553) and Hans Holbein (1497-1543)

The Sculptor Tilman Riemenschneider (c. 1460-1531)

Northern Renaissance Humanism

The Brothers and Sisters of the Common Life

German Humanism

Conrad Celtis (1459-1508)

Caritas and Willibald Pirckheimer

Johann Reuchlin (1455-1522)

English Humanism

The Man for all Seasons: Thomas More (1478-1535)

Eramsus (c. 1466-1536), The Prince of the Humanists

The Printing Press and Its Impact

Chronology

Further Reading

Notes

10. Martin Luther’s Revolt

The Man with Seven Heads

Martin Luther’s Background

The Indulgence Controversy

The Rebel

Choosing a New Caesar

Luther’s Rebellion Intensifies

Luther versus Charles V: The 1521 Diet of Worms

Anticlericalism

Luther at the Wartburg Castle, May 1521 to March 1522

The Knights’ Revolt of 1522 to 1524

Franz von Sickingen (1481-1523)

Chronology

Further Reading

Notes

11. The Spread of Lutheranism

A New Pope and New Hope, 1522-1524

The Diets of Nuremberg, 1522-1524

The Spread of Lutheranism: The Case of Nuremberg

The German Peasants’ War, 1524-1526

The Outbreak of the Revolt, May 1524

Thomas Müntzer (c. 1490-1525)

The End of the 1524-1526 Peasants’ War

Martin Luther and the Peasants’ War

Katherine von Bora (1499-1550)

The Emergence of Evangelical Politics

The Diets of Speyer, 1526 and 1529

The Augsburg Confession of 1530

Philip Melanchthon (1497-1560)

The Formation of the Schmalkaldic League

Luther’s Declining Years, 1530-1546

The Bigamy of Philip of Hesse

Luther and the Jews

Lutheranism in Scandinavia

Chronology

Further Reading

Notes

12. Zwingli, Swiss Reform, and Anabaptism

Huldrych Zwingli (1484-1531)

Early Years

Not a Frivolous Musician: Zwingli in Zurich

The Adoption of the Reform by Zurich

The Marburg Colloquy

Zwingli’s Last Years

Heinrich Bullinger (1504-1575)

Big Names in the Reform of Basel

The Rise of Anabaptism

Conrad Grebel (1498-1526)

Michael Sattler (c. 1490-1527) and the Schleitheim

Statement

Balthasar Hubmaier (c. 1480-1528)

Charisma and Fanaticism at Münster

The Fall of “King” Jan

Menno Simons (1496-1561)

The Hutterites and the Community of Goods

Chronology

Further Reading

Notes

13. John Calvin and Calvinism

Calvin’s Early Years

The Flight from Paris

Calvin’s Theology

The Call to Geneva

The Reform in Strasbourg

Martin Bucer ((1491-1551)

Katherine Schütz Zell (c. 1497-1562)

Calvin’s Return to Geneva

The Michael Servetus Case

The Threat of the Libertines

Discipline in Calvin’s Geneva

Calvin and Women

Calvin and Man

Theodore Beza (1516-1605) and the Genevan Academy

The Spread of Calvinism

A Failed Calvinist Reformation in Brandenburg

Calvinism Triumphant

Chronology

Further Reading

Notes

14. The Reformation in England to 1558

King Harry’s Trouble with Women

“Breaking Up is Hard to Do”: The Problem

of the Divorce

Replacements for Wolsey

Thomas Cromwell (1485-1540)

Exploiting Anticlericalism

The Legal Reformation

Unlucky in Love: Henry’s Matrimonial Difficulties

The Reformation under Edward VI (1537-1553)

The Tyndale Bible

The Fall of Edward Seymour

The Rise and Fall of John Dudley (c. 1502-1553)

and Lady Jane Grey (1537-1554)

The Reign of Mary Tudor, 1553-1558

Further Reading

Chronology

Notes

15. A Tale of Two Queens: Elizabeth I of England

And Mary of Scotland

The Young Queen Elizabeth

The Elizabethan Religious Settlement

Glorianna: The Successful Queen

Mary Stuart and the Reformation in Scotland

The Spread of Protestant Ideas

The Rise of Knox, the “Thundering Scot”

Mary, queen of Scots

Mary’s Life and Death in England, 1568-1587

Further Reading

Chronology

Notes

16 . The Roman Catholic Reformation

Reform in Spain

Efforts at Reform in Italy

New Reform Orders: Capuchins, Theatines, Ursulines

Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) and the Society of Jesus

The Founding of the Society of Jesus

The Organization of the Jesuits

The Jesuit Legacy

Teresa of Avila (1515-1582)

Pope Paul III and Reform

An Irenic Reformer: Gasparo Contarini (1483-1542)

The Council of Trent, 1545-1563

The Conclusion of the Council of Trent and Its Impact

Further Reading

Chronology

Notes

17. An Age of Religious Warfare, 1546-1660

The Empire Strikes Back: The Schmalkaldic War, 1546-1548

The Defection of Nuremberg and Brandenburg-Ansbach

A Truce with the Ottomans

Imperial Initiatives

The Battle of Mühlberg, 1547

The Augsburg and Leipzig Interims

Splits in Lutheranism

The Religious Peace of Augsburg of 1555

The Religious Wars in France

The Reign of Henri II (r. 1547-1559)

The Power of Catherine de’ Medici (1519-1589)

The Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

The Reign of Henri III (r. 1574-1589)

The War of the Three Henries, 1587-1589

Henri of Navarre as King of France, 1589-1610

Philip II’s Crusades

The Character of the King

War against Islam

The Revolt of the Low Countries

The Spanish Armada of 1588

The Thirty Years’ War, 1618-1648

Danish Intervention, 1623-1630

Swedish Intervention, 1630-1635

The Franco-Swedish Phase (1635-1648) and Aftermath

Further Reading

Chronology

Notes

18. The Legacy

Religious Life

Theological Divisions and Social Discipline

Marriage in Protestant Europe

Margaret Fell (1614-1702) and Women as Preachers

Roman Catholicism Revived

Witchcraft and Its Suppression

Critics of the Witch Craze

The Rise of Western Science

Astrology, Alchemy, and Magic

Nicholas Copernicus (14731543)

Brahe and Kepler

Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)

Medicine and Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564)

The Scientific Method and Francis Bacon (1561-1626)

Women Scientists

Rene Descartes (1595-1650)

Political Changes

The Constitutional Struggle in England, 1642-1688

The Rise of Absolutism

French-Style Absolutism

Chronology

Further Reading

Notes

Index

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