A Short History of Technology: From the Earliest Times to A.D. 1900

A Short History of Technology: From the Earliest Times to A.D. 1900

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780486274720
Publisher: Dover Publications
Publication date: 03/24/1993
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 816
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

PART I FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO A.D. 1750
I. GENERAL HISTORICAL SURVEY
Man before civilization
Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations
The rise of Greece and Rome
The Roman Empire
The earlier Middle Ages
The later Middle Ages
The Renaissance
The emergence of the modern world
2. THE PRODUCTION OF FOOD
Domestication of animals
Origins of agriculture
Irrigation
Growth of tillage in Europe
Preparation of food and drink
Fisheries
Effects of the geographical discoveries
"Progress of agriculture, c. A.D. I500-I750"
Land reclamation
3. PRODUCTION FOR DOMESTIC NEEDS
Early pottery
Early textiles
"Ivory, wood, leather, glass"
The contribution of the Greek and Roman world
The Middle Ages
Medieval textiles and leather-work
Furniture
Textiles and glass
4. THE EXTRACTION AND WORKING OF METALS
The earliest use of metals: the Bronze Age
The early Iron Age of Greece and Rome
Metal-working in the Middle Ages
Extension of the use of metals
Further developments of the iron industry
Armaments
Instrument-making
5. BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
The early empires
Greek and Roman building
The Middle Ages
Building from the Renaissance to the eighteenth century
6. TRANSPORT
Beginnings: the wheel and the horse
The Graeco-Roman period
Transport in the Middle Ages
The period of the great geographical discoveries
Development from I600 to I750
7. COMMUNICATION AND RECORD
Speech and record
Measurement
Cartography
Paper
Origins of printing
"Developments, I500-I750"
8. EARLY SOURCES OF POWER
Man and animal power
The water-wheel
The windmill
9. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
The chemical industry in ancient times
Chemistry and the textile industry
The manufacture of gunpowder
The alchemists and the iatrochemists
The beginning of modern chemistry
PART II THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION TO A.D. 1900
10. HISTORICAL SURVEY (I750-I900)
General Introduction
"The quickening tempo of industry, I750-92"
"The period of the great French wars, I792-I8I5"
"From Waterloo to the Great Exhibition, I815-5I"
"The period of nationalist wars, I85I-7I"
"The age of materialism, I87I-I900"
II. THE STEAM-ENGINE
Introduction
Pioneers of the steam-engine
Watt and Trevithick
The steam-engine applied to transport
Locomotives and stationary steam-engines
Later development of the steam-engine
Steam-turbines
The theoretical background
I2. MACHINE-TOOLS AND THEIR PRODUCTS
Introduction
Growth of precision work
The succession of pioneers
The 'American System'
"Further developments, I850-I900"
I3. MODERN TRANSPORT
The last era of sail
The era of iron and steel steamships
The growth of railways
The road-steamer and the bicycle
The early motor-car
Initiation of the conquest of the air
I4. BUILDING CONSTRUCTION: REQUIREMENTS OF URBAN COMMUNITIES
The civil engineer
"Building materials, I750-I850"
Furniture
"New uses of wrought iron, steel, and concrete"
Improvement of water-supply
Drainage and sanitation
I5. BUILDING CONSTRUCTION: REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSPORT
Road-making
Canals and river-improvements
Railways: the permanent way
Bridges
Tunnels
Land works facilitating sea traffic
I6. COAL AND THE METALS
Coal-mining
Cast and wrought iron
The coming of cheap steel
"Exploitation of non-ferrous metals, I750-I900"
New metal products
Armaments
I7. "NEW MATERIALS: COAL-GAS, PETROLEUM, AND RUBBER"
Origins of gas-lighting
The gas age
Early exploitation of bituminous deposits
The oil-well industry
Early rubber manufacture
Vulcanization and wider uses of rubber
Plantation rubber
I8. THE RISE OF THE MODERN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
The chemical industry and the industrial revolution
"Later developments in the manufacture of soda and sulphuric acid, I830-I900"
Synthetic dyes
Explosives
Some electrochemical processes
Artificial fertilizers
"Other developments, I830-I900"
Some chemical contributions to medicine
I9. TEXTILES
"Spinning-machinery, I760-I850"
Improvements in weaving
"Spread of textile machinery, to I850"
Hoisery and lace-making
The sewing machine
"The textile industries, I850-I900"
20. POTTERY AND GLASS
The pottery industry in the eighteenth century
Nineteenth-century developments
Progress of glass-making
Glass-making
2I. THE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
Introduction
Gas-engines
Oil-engines
Petrol-engines
Conclusion
22. THE ELECTRICAL INDUSTRY
Historical Introduction
The generation of electricity
Distribution
Telegraphy and telephony
Electric lighting
The electric-motor
23. "PRINTING, PHOTOGRAPHY, AND THE CINEMA"
The casting and setting of type
The typewriter
The modern printing-press
"Paper-making, binding, and illustrating"
Early history of photography
Photography for the amateur and the illustrator
Development of cinematography
24. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD
Agriculture: the implements
Agriculture: the products
"Agriculture: world changes, I850-I900"
Food management: fish supplies and whaling
Processing and preservation of food
Canning and refrigeration
25. EPILOGUE: TECHNOLOGICAL AND GENERAL HISTORY
CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX OF SUBJECTS
INDEX OF PERSONS AND PLACE-NAMES

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