Sicily-Salerno-Anzio, June 1943-1944: History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Vol. 9

Sicily-Salerno-Anzio, June 1943-1944: History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Vol. 9

by Samuel Eliot Morison

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Overview

Sicily-Salerno-Anzio, June 1943-1944: History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Vol. 9 by Samuel Eliot Morison


Volume 9 takes up the story of American naval activities in the Mediterranean with three major amphibious operations: the invasion of Sicily, the capture of the Salerno beachhead, and the long Anzio beachhead struggle. In describing these joint operations, Morison discusses individual exploits and strategies. Never reluctant to tackle controversial subjects, he calls the Sicilian Operation ill conceived, the evacuation of three German divisions from Sicily preventable, the Italian armistice woefully bungled, and the hard-fought Anzio Operation a mistake.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781591145752
Publisher: Naval Institute Press
Publication date: 03/01/2011
Pages: 413
Sales rank: 521,848
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author


Rear Adm. Samuel Eliot Morison wrote many popular and award-winning books on maritime history. He was the recipient of two Pulitzer Prizes, two Bancroft Prizes, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Abbreviations xxvii

Introduction Douglas Porch xxxi

Part I Forward in the Mediterranean

I The Mediterranean and World Strategy 3

1 Strategic Questions at the Turn of the Year 3

2 The Casablanca Conference, 14-23 January 1943 6

II Planning and Training for Sicily, January-June 1943 12

1 Evolution of the Plan 12

2 Forces and Training 27

III The Axis on the Defensive, January-July 1943 34

1 The Royal Italian Navy 34

2 Where Will the Allies Strike? 44

3 The Defenses of Sicily 47

Part II The Sicilian Campaign

IV Preliminary Movements, 13 May-9 July 1943 55

1 The Air Offensive 55

2 Approach of the Western Naval Task Force 61

V The Licata Landings (Joss Force), 10-12 July 71

1 Terrain, Arrival and Plan 71

2 The Gaffi and Molla Landings 79

3 The Salso and Falconara Landings 86

VI The Gela Landings (DIME Force), 10-13 July 92

1 The Rangers' Assault on Gela 92

2 Attack, Counterattack and Naval Gunfire, 10 July 98

3 Troubles of the LSTs, 10-11 July 105

4 Navy Stops Tanks, 11 July 109

5 Beachhead Secured, 11-13 July 119

VII The Scoglitti Landings (CENT Force), 10-14 July 126

1 The Beaches and the Assault, to 0630 July 10 126

2 Unloading Problems and Complications, 10-12 July 138

3 The 45th Division Ashore, 10-14 July 143

VIII The British Sector, 10-22 July 148

1 Commands, Areas and Plans 148

2 Pachino Peninsula Landings, 10-11 July 152

3 Ávola-Cassibile Landings, 10-13 July 157

4 Fall of Syracuse and Augusta, 10-14 July 159

5 Air Raids and Unloading, 11-14 July 164

6 Operations of the Covering Forces 167

IX Sicily Overrun, 11 July-7 August 170

1 Allied and Axis Objectives 170

2 On to Agrigento, 11-18 July 173

3 The Battle of the Catania Plain, 14-20 July 177

4 The Race to Palermo, 18-22 July 181

5 Decline and Fall of Mussolini, 19-26 July 185

6 Naval Operations on the North Shore 187

7 The Three-Pronged Eastward Thrust, 29 July- 7 August 195

X Sicily Conquered - and Evacuated, 3-17 August 201

1 On to Messina, 7-16 August 201

2 The Enemy Evacuation 209

3 Conclusion to Operation HUSKY 218

Part III Salerno

XI Preliminaries to Salerno, May-September 1943 227

1 Discussion and Decision, 12 May-26 July 227

2 First Mainland Landings, 3-9 September 233

3 Italy Joins the Allies 237

4 Commands, Plans and Approach, 30 August-8 September 246

XII D-day on the Salerno Beaches, 9 September 1943 254

1 Paestum, the American Sector 254

2 The British Sector 271

XIII The Battle for the Salerno Beachhead, 10-17 September 279

1 Ground Fighting and Naval Gunfire, 10-12 September 279

2 The Crisis of 13-14 September 286

3 Ground Fighting and Naval Gunfire, 15-17 September 295

4 Build-up and Diversion 297

XIV Avalanche Concluded, 18 September-13 October 302

1 Breaking out of the Beachhead 302

2 Sardinia and Corsica 304

3 Naples Secured; Parthian Shots 310

Part IV Anzio

XV Winter Stalemate, November 1943-January 1944 317

1 Alarums and Excursions 317

2 Mr. Churchill Adopts Shingle 323

3 Anzio Plans and Preparations, 1-21 January 328

XVI The Assault on Anzio-Nettuno, 22-28 January 1944 335

1 The Landings, 22 January 335

2 Establishing the Beachhead, 23-28 January 344

3 General Lucas's Tactics 351

XVII Beachhead Struggle, 28 January-30 April 1944 354

1 First Advance Halted, 28-31 January 354

2 VI Corps on the Defensive, 1-29 February 360

3 Stagnation, March-April 366

XVIII Breakout, 11 May-4 June 1944 374

1 Gustav Line Broken, 11-25 May 374

2 On to Rome, 22 May-4 June 377

3 Conclusion 380

Appendix I United States Naval Forces Engaged in the Assault on Sicily 385

Appendix II Naval Forces Engaged in the Salerno Operation 391

Appendix III Naval Forces Engaged in the Assault on Anzio 395

Index 399

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