When the landmark Supreme Court case of Brown vs. Board of Education was handed down in 1954, many civil rights advocates believed that the decision, which declared public school segregation unconstitutional, would become the Holy Grail of racial justice. Fifty years later, despite its legal irrelevance and the racially separate and educationally ineffective state of public schooling for most black children, Brown is still viewed by many as the perfect precedent.
Here, Derrick Bell shatters the shining image of this celebrated ruling. He notes that, despite the onerous burdens of segregation, many black schools functioned well and racial bigotry had not rendered blacks a damaged race. He maintains that, given what we now know about the pervasive nature of racism, the Court should have determined instead to rigorously enforce the "equal" component of the "separate but equal" standard. Racial policy, Bell maintains, is made through silent covenantsunspoken convergences of interest and involuntary sacrifices of rightsthat ensure that policies conform to priorities set by policy-makers. Blacks and whites are the fortuitous winners or losers in these unspoken agreements. The experience with Brown, Bell urges, should teach us that meaningful progress in the quest for racial justice requires more than the assertion of harms. Strategies must recognize and utilize the interest-convergence factors that strongly influence racial policy decisions.
In Silent Covenants, Bell condenses more than four decades of thought and action into a powerful and eye-opening book.
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Product dimensions:||8.80(w) x 5.60(h) x 0.70(d)|
About the Author
Derrick Bell is Visiting Professor of Law at New York University Law School. As an NAACP Legal Defense Fund lawyer, he handled and supervised hundreds of school desegregation cases during the 1960s. He is the author of several books, including And We Are Not Saved. He lives in New York City.
Hometown:New York, New York
Date of Birth:November 6, 1930
Place of Birth:Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Education:A.B., Duquesne University, 1952; L.L.B., University of Pittsburgh Law School, 1957
Table of Contents
|1.||Plessy's Long Shadow||11|
|2.||Brown's Half Light||14|
|3.||Brown Reconceived: An Alternative Scenario||20|
|4.||The Racial-Sacrifice Covenants||29|
|5.||The Interest-Convergence Covenants||49|
|6.||Brown as an Anticommunist Decision||59|
|7.||The Role of Fortuity in Racial Policy-Making||69|
|8.||Racism's Economic Foundation||77|
|9.||School Litigation in the Nineteenth Century||87|
|10.||The School Desegregation Era||94|
|11.||The End of the Brown Era||114|
|12.||Brown as Landmark: An Assessment||130|
|13.||Affirmative Action and Racial Fortuity in Action||138|
|14.||Searching for Effective Schools in the Post-Brown Era||160|
|15.||Moving Beyond Racial Fortuity||180|
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
I read this book as my choice for an optional reading for a college class 'Philosophy of Law'. I would highly recommend it because it leaves you thinking about the history and progression of civil rights in our country. His views are out of the norm but you have to ask yourself who's norm?He poses some leading questions about racial equality and whether we could or should do more in the effort to end discrimination and prejudice.