Silent Voices: Public Opinion and Political Participation in America

Silent Voices: Public Opinion and Political Participation in America

by Adam J. Berinsky

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Overview

Silent Voices: Public Opinion and Political Participation in America by Adam J. Berinsky

Over the past century, opinion polls have come to pervade American politics. Despite their shortcomings, the notion prevails that polls broadly represent public sentiment. But do they? In Silent Voices, Adam Berinsky presents a provocative argument that the very process of collecting information on public preferences through surveys may bias our picture of those preferences. In particular, he focuses on the many respondents who say they "don't know" when asked for their views on the political issues of the day.

Using opinion poll data collected over the past forty years, Berinsky takes an increasingly technical area of research—public opinion—and synthesizes recent findings in a coherent and accessible manner while building on this with his own findings. He moves from an in-depth treatment of how citizens approach the survey interview, to a discussion of how individuals come to form and then to express opinions on political matters in the context of such an interview, to an examination of public opinion in three broad policy areas—race, social welfare, and war. He concludes that "don't know" responses are often the result of a systematic process that serves to exclude particular interests from the realm of recognized public opinion. Thus surveys may then echo the inegalitarian shortcomings of other forms of political participation and even introduce new problems altogether.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780691115870
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 01/12/2004
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Adam J. Berinsky is Associate Professor of Political Science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Table of Contents

FIGURES ix

TABLES xi

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xiii

INTRODUCTION

Representation, Public Opinion, and the Voice of the People 1

ONE

Opinion Polling and the Silencing of Political Voice 14

TWO

The Search for the Voice of the People: Considering the Unspoken 36

THREE

The Dynamics of Racial Policy Opinion, 1972-1994 51

FOUR

Social Welfare Policy and Public Opinion, 1972-1996 84

FIVE

The Changing Context of Public Opinion Concerning the Vietnam War, 1964-1972 105

CONCLUSION

Public Opinion and Political Voice 127

APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 3 145

APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 4 169

APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 5 176

REFERNECES 185

INDEX 195

What People are Saying About This

Paul Gronke

A significant contribution to the field of public opinion, this book will be useful to readers interested in public opinion, race and politics, and survey research more generally.
Paul Gronke, Reed College, author of "The Electorate, the Campaign, and the Voter"

Stanley Feldman

Silent Voices is an important addition to the public opinion and survey research literatures, and it will be of interest to many people concerned with issues of representation as well. Adam Berinsky provides convincing evidence that people who don't answer survey questions may differ systematically from those who do. As a result, surveys may give biased estimates of the distribution of public opinion on policy issues.
Stanley Feldman, Stony Brook University

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