The Sinews of Power: War, Money and the English State, 1688-1783 / Edition 1 available in Paperback
This powerful interpretation of English history provides a completely new framework for understanding how Britain emerged in the eighteenth century as a major international power.
John Brewer's brilliant analysis makes clear that the drastic increase in Britain's military involvement (and success) in Europe and the expansion of her commercial and imperial interests would not have happened without a concurrent radical increase in taxation, along with a surge in deficit financing and the growth of a substantial public administration. Warfare and taxes reshaped the English economy, and at the heart of these dramatic changes lay an issue that is still very much with us today: the tension between a nation's aspirations to be a major power and fear of the domestic consequences of such an ambition--namely, the loss of liberty.
About the Author
John Brewer is Director of the Center for Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Studies and Director of the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library at the University of California at Los Angeles.
Table of Contents
List of Tables and Figures
1. Before the Revolution:
The English State in the Medieval and Early Modern Eras
2. Patterns of Military Effort
3. Civil Administration: The Central Offices of Government
4. Money, Money, Money: The Growth in Debts and Taxes
5. The Paradoxes of State Power
6. The Parameters of War
7. War and Taxes
8. The Politics of Information: Public Knowledge and Private Interest