Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Sirte is a city in Libya. It is on the south coast of the Gulf of Sidra. Sirte lies halfway between Tripoli and Benghazi. The settlement was established in the early 20th century by the Italians, at the site of a 19th-century fortress built by the Ottomans. It grew into a city after World War II. As the birthplace of Muammar Gaddafi, Sirte was favoured by the Gaddafi government. The city was the final major stronghold of Gaddafi loyalists in the 2011 Libyan civil war and Gaddafi was killed there by rebel forces on 20 October 2011.