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Bedford/St. Martin's
Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1

Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1

by Laurent Dubois
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900312415012
Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date: 02/22/2006
Series: Bedford Cultural Editions Series
Edition description: First Edition
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 5.53(w) x 8.23(h) x 0.49(d)

About the Author

LAURENT DUBOIS (Ph.D., University of Michigan) is associate professor of history at Michigan State University. His book A Colony of Citizens: Revolution and Slave Emancipation in the French Caribbean, 1787–1804 (2004) won the American Historical Association Prize in Atlantic History and the John Edwin Fagg Award. He is also the author of Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution (2004), which was a Christian Science Monitor Noteworthy Book of 2004 and a Los Angeles Times Best Book of 2004, and Les esclaves de la République: l'histoire oubliée de la première emancipation, 1787–1794 (1998).

John D. Garrigus (PhD, Johns Hopkins University) is Associate Professor of History and Advisor, Transatlantic History PhD Program, at the University of Texas at Arlington. A former Chateaubriand Fellow and Fulbright Scholar, he has published on pre-revolutionary Haiti in Americas, French Historical Studies, Slavery & Abolition, and the Journal of Caribbean History. He is currently working on a book on Saint-Domingue's free people of color.

Table of Contents

Foreword     iii
Preface     v
Maps     1
Introduction: Revolution, Emancipation, and Independence     7
The French Caribbean in the Eighteenth Century     9
The Revolution Begins, 1789-1791     18
From Slave Revolution to Emancipation, 1791-1794     24
Defining Emancipation, 1794-1798     29
The Haitian Revolution and the United States     34
War and Independence     35
The Legacy of the Haitian Revolution     39
Major Revolutionary Figures and Groups     43
The Documents     47
The French Caribbean in the Eighteenth Century     49
The Code Noir, 1685     49
Prophesies of Slave Revolution, 1771 and 1780     54
Mederic-Louis-Elie Moreau de Saint-Mery, Description ... of the French Part of the Island of Saint-Domingue, 1797     57
The Revolution Begins, 1789-1791     63
Letters from the Slave Revolt in Martinique, August-September 1789     63
The Free Citizens of Color, Address to the National Assembly, October 22, 1789     67
The National Assembly, Decree of March 8 and Instructions of March 28, 1790     70
Abbe Gregoire, Letter to Those Who Love Mankind, October 1790     73
Letters from the Uprising of Vincent Oge, October 1790     75
Julien Raimond, Observations on the Origin and Progression of the White Colonists' Prejudice against Men of Color, 1791     78
The Debate of May 15, 1791     82
The National Assembly, Law on the Colonies, 1791     84
From Slave Revolution to Emancipation, 1791-1794     86
Herard Dumesle, Voyage to the North of Haiti, 1824     86
Antoine Dalmas, History of the Revolution of Saint-Domingue, 1814     89
Pierre Mossut, Letter to the Marquis de Gallifet, September 19, 1791     93
Philadelphia General Advertiser, Reports from the Insurrection, October-November 1791     95
Jean-Francois and Biassou, Letters to the Commissioners, December 1791     99
Gros, In the Camps of the Insurgents, 1791     103
Olympe de Gouges, Preface to The Slavery of the Blacks, 1792     108
Jean-Paul Marat, From The Friend of the People, 1792     111
Thomas Clarkson, The True State of the Case, Respecting the Insurrection at St. Domingo, 1792     113
The National Assembly, Law of April 4, 1792     115
Journal Republicain de la Guadeloupe, Account of the Slave Revolt, April 24, 1793     116
Laurent Jolicoeur, Petition, 1793     119
Leger Felicite Sonthonax, Decree of General Liberty, August 29, 1793     120
Insurgent Responses to Emancipation, 1793     125
The National Convention, The Abolition of Slavery, February 4, 1794     129
Defining Emancipation, 1794-1798     133
Victor Hugues, Proclamations, 1794     133
Genevieve Labothiere Secures Her Brother's Freedom, 1796-1801     136
The Plantation Policies of Etienne Polverel, 1794     138
Jean-Baptiste Belley, The True Colors of the Planters, or the System of the Hotel Massiac, Exposed by Gouli, 1795     144
Toussaint Louverture, A Refutation of Some Assertions in a Speech Pronounced in the Corps Legislatif ... by Vienot Vaublanc, 1797     147
The Council of the Five Hundred, Law on the Colonies, 1798     153
Etienne Laveaux, A Celebration of the Anniversary of Abolition, 1798     156
The Haitian Revolution and the United States     159
Thomas Jefferson, Letters, 1797-1802     159
Refugees in Charleston, S.C., Petition, October 25, 1799     162
Charles Brockden Brown, St. Domingo, December 1804     164
War and Independence     167
Toussaint Louverture, From Constitution of the French Colony of Saint-Domingue, 1801     167
Louis Delgres, Proclamation, 1802     171
General Jean-Francois-Xavier de Menard, On the Final Stand of Delgres, 1802      173
Napoleon Bonaparte and General Charles-Victor-Emmanuel Leclerc, Letters, 1802-1803     175
Mary Hassal, From Secret History; or the Horrors of St. Domingo, 1808     180
Marie-Rose Masson, Letter to the Marquis de Gallifet, July 27, 1802     184
Brigadier General Pierre Cange, Letter to Delpech, November 1802     186
The Haitian Declaration of Independence, January 1, 1804     188
The Haitian Constitution, 1805     191
A Chronology of Events Related to the Slave Revolution in the Caribbean (1635-1805)     197
Questions for Consideration     200
Selected Bibliography     202
Index     206

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