Social Change in Contemporary China offers a wide-ranging examination of Chinese institutional change in areas of education, religion, health care, economics, labor, family, and local communities in the post-Mao era. Based on the pioneering work of sociologist C. K. Yang (1911-1999), and his institutional diffusion theory, the essays analyze and develop the theory as it applies to both public and private institutions. The interrelationship of these institutions composes what Yang termed the Chinese “system,” and affects nearly every aspect of life. Yang examined the influence of external factors on each institution, such as the influence of Westernization and Communism on family, and the impact of industrialization on rural markets. He also analyzed the impact of public opinion and past culture on institutions, therein revealing the circular nature of diffusion. Perhaps most significant are Yang’s insights on the role of religion in Chinese society. Despite the common perception that China had no religion, he uncovers the influence of classical Confucianism as the basis for many ethical value systems, and follows its diffusion into state and kinship systems, as well as Taoism and Buddhism.
Writing in the early years of Communism, Yang had little hard data with which to test his theories. The contributors to this volume expand upon Yang’s groundbreaking approach and apply the model of diffusion to a rapidly evolving contemporary China, providing a window into an increasingly modern Chinese society and its institutions.
|Publisher:||University of Pittsburgh Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.80(d)|
About the Author
Wenfang Tang is associate professor of political science at the University of Pittsburgh.
Burkart Holzner is professor of sociology and public and international affairs and Distinguished Professor Emeritus of International Studies at the University of Pittsburgh.
Table of Contents
List of Tables and Figures vii
Introduction: The Diffusion of Institutions in Contemporary China Wenfang Tang 1
C. K.Yang and His Theory of Institutions
C. K. Yang: Sociology in China and the Encounter of Civilizations Burkart Holzner 17
Institutional Restructuring, Organizational Integration, and the Chinese Revolution: C. K. Yang's Theory of Social System Change Chong Chor Lau 30
A Sociological Paradigm in the Study of Chinese Religion: C. K. Yang's Religion in Chinese Society Ambrose Y. C. King Lizhu Fan 57
New Institutions in Practice: Migrant Workers and Their Mobilization of the Labor Law Isabelle Thireau Hua Linshan 65
Social Capabilities and Chinese Economic Growth Thomas G. Rawski 89
Institutional Change and Income Inequality Zhanxin Zhang 104
Categorical Sources of Income Inequality in Urban China Wang Feng Tianfu Wang 125
Local Response to a Global Agenda: Changing State-Education Relations in Mainland China Ka-ho Mok 153
Chinese Diffused and Institutional Health Care and Global Change Rance P. L. Lee 176
Family and Community
When a House Becomes His Home Deborah S.Davis 199
Family Social Capital in Urban China: A Social Network Approach Yanjie Bian Deborah S. Davis Shaoguang Wang 219
When to Give and Why: Intergenerational Transfer of Resources in Urban Chinese Families Jieming Chen 233
Local Community and Communal Solidarity in Rural China Cho-yun Hsu 261
List of Contributors 313