Collecting together essays written by an international set of contributors, this book provides an important contribution to the emerging field of disability history. It explores changes in understandings of deformity and disability between the sixteenth and twentieth centuries, and reveal the ways in which different societies have conceptualised the normal and the pathological.
Through a variety of case studies including: early modern birth defects, homosexuality, smallpox scarring, vaccination, orthopaedics, deaf education, eugenics, mental deficiency, and the experiences of psychologically scarred military veterans, this book provides new perspectives on the history of physical, sensory and intellectual anomaly.
Examining changes over five centuries, it charts how disability was delineated from other forms of deformity and disfigurement by a clearer medical perspective. Essays shed light on the experiences of oppressed minorities often hidden from mainstream history, but also demonstrate the importance of discourses of disability and deformity as key cultural signifiers which disclose broader systems of power and authority, citizenship and exclusion.
The diverse nature of the material in this book will make it relevant to scholars interested in cultural, literary, social and political, as well as medical, history.
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Series:||Routledge Studies in the Social History of Medicine Series , #25|
|Product dimensions:||6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.56(d)|
Table of Contents
List of figures ix
Notes on contributors x
Introduction: approaching anomalous bodies David M. Turner 1
Part I Discipline and deformity: the medical and moral world of monstrosity 17
1 Representing physical difference: the materiality of the monstrous Kevin Stagg 19
2 'When a disease it selfe doth Cromwel it': the rhetoric of smallpox at the Restoration David E. Shuttleton 39
3 Plague Spots Hal Gladfelder 56
4 'Wonderful effects!!!' Graphic satires of vaccination in the first decade of the nineteenth century Suzanne Nunn 79
Part II Controlling disabled bodies: medicine, politics and policy 95
5 Disciplining disabled bodies: the development of orthopaedic medicine in Britain, c.1800-1939 Anne Borsay 97
6 Making deaf children talk: changes in educational policy towards the deaf in the French Third Republic François Buton 117
7 Eugenics, modernity and nationalism Ayça Alemdarogl u 126
8 'Human dregs at the bottom of our national vats': the interwar debate on sterilization of the mentally deficient Sharon Morris 142
9 'That bastard's following me!' Mentally ill Australian veterans struggling to maintain control Kristy Muir 161
10 Afterword - regulated bodies: disability studies and the controlling professions Sharon Snyder David Mitchell 175