ISBN-10:
0073205796
ISBN-13:
9780073205793
Pub. Date:
06/17/2005
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Social Problems and the Quality of Life with PowerWeb / Edition 10

Social Problems and the Quality of Life with PowerWeb / Edition 10

by Robert Lauer, Robert H. Lauer

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Overview

Focusing on quality of life, this text defines what a social problem is and then addresses specific issues—for example, how can one gain a sociological understanding of social problems? What kinds of critical thinking should one engage in and what kinds should one avoid in attempting to understand social problems? How is the quality of one's life affected by particular problems? What causes these problems and how can we resolve them? Part One establishes key approaches to social problems; the remaining parts discuss the social problems that most acutely impact the quality of our lives.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780073205793
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 06/17/2005
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 554
Product dimensions: 8.90(w) x 6.00(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Robert Lauer received his B.S. and Ph.D. from Washington University, his B.D. from Southern Seminary, and his M.A. from Southern Illinois University. Representatives may reach him at rjlauer@aol.com.

Jeanette C. Lauer is a Research Professor at Alliant International University. She received her Ph.D. in Social History from Washington University, St. Louis. She has published numerous journal articles and co-authored fifteen books. Most recently she co-authored Becoming Family: Building a Stepfamily that Really Works. She is a member of the National Council on Family Relations, and the Stepfamily Association of America.

Table of Contents

Part One: Foundations

1 Understanding Social Problems

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

Personal vs. Social Problems

The Causes of Problems / The Consequences of Problems

A Model For Understanding

A Theory-Based Model / Quality of Life / Multiple Levels of Social Problems / Social Action for Resolution / The Changing Nature of Social Problems / Analyzing Social Problems

Critical Thinking: Recognizing Fallacies

Fallacy of the Dramatic Instance / Fallacy of Retrospective Determinism / Fallacy of Misplaced Concreteness / Fallacy of Personal Attack / Appeal to Prejudice / Circular Reasoning / Fallacy of Authority / Fallacy of Composition / Non Sequitur / Involvement--How, and How Not, To Think

The Sources of Data: Social Research

Survey Research / Statistical Analysis of Official Records / Experiments / Participant Observation

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

Part Two: Problems of Behavioral Variance

2 Sexual Variance

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

Examples of Sexual Variance

Prostitution

Prostitution and the Quality of Life / Contributing Factors / Global Comparison: Child Prostitutes

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is To Be Done?

Pornography, Erotica, and Obscenity

Nature and Extent of the Problem / Pornography, Erotica, Obscenity and the Quality of Life / Involvement--Sexy or Disgusting? / Contributing Factors

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Homosexuality and Homophobia

Homosexuality: Definition and Numbers / Why Are Some People Homosexual? / Homosexuality and the Quality of Life/Voices: "I Didn't Understand" / Contributing Factors

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is To Be Done?

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

3 Alcohol and Other Drugs

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

Alcohol

Effects / Patterns of Use / Alcohol and the Quality of Life / Global Comparison: Alcoholism in Eastern Europe / Contributing Factors / What Is to Be Done? / Involvement–"I'd Kill before I'd Drink"

Other Drugs

Types and Effects / Patterns of Use / Drugs and the Quality of Life /Voices: Despair and Hope / Contributing Factors

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Treating Addicts / Enforcement Programs / Education and Prevention Programs

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

4 Crime and Delinquency

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

The Varieties of Crime

Predatory Crime / Illegal Service Crimes / Public Disorder Crimes / Crimes of Negligence / White? Collar Crime / Organized Crime / Juvenile Delinquency / Juvenile Violence and Juvenile Gangs

The Extent of Crime and Delinquency

Sources of Data / Problems with Official Records / The Amount of Crime and Delinquency / The Distribution of CrimeThe Criminal Justice Process

Crime, Delinquency, and the Quality of Life

Physical and Psychological Costs of Crime / Economic Costs of Crime / Voices: A Victim Recovers

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors / Global Comparison: Alternatives to Imprisonment: Germany and Israel / Social Psychological Factors / Involvement--Coddling Criminals

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Punishment or Rehabilitation? / Community Action and Involvement / Aid to Victims

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

5 Violence

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

What Is Violence?

How Much Violence Is There?

Violence and the Quality of Life

Human Injury and Destruction / Psychological Disruption and Dehumanization / Violence as Seductive Self Destruction /Economic Costs

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors / Involvement: Violently Opposed to Violence / Is There a Subculture of Violence? / Social Psychological Factors

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

The Violence of Rape

Number and Characteristics of Victims

Rape and the Quality of Life

Emotional Trauma / Voices: "I Felt Guilty" / Physical Abuse

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors / Global Comparison: Attitudes of Turkish students toward rape / Social Psychological Factors

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

Part Three: Problems of Inequality

6 Poverty

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

What Is Poverty?

Extent of Poverty / Who Are the Poor? / Global Comparison: Poverty in the World System / The Changing Nature of Poverty

Poverty and the Quality of Life

Voices: We Feel Like Deadbeats" / The Right to Life and Happiness / The Right to Dignity as a Human Being / Poverty and Health / Dilemmas of Poverty / Involvement–From Riches to Rags

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors / Social Psychological Factors

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

7 Gender Inequality

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

Biology or Society?

Gender and Biology / Men’s IssuesGender Inequality and the Quality of Life The Right to Equal Economic Opportunities / Global Comparison: Occupational Sex Segregation in Developing Countries / Educational Attainment / Political Participation / The Right to Dignity as a Human Being / Voices: "I Didn't Need the Extra Hassles"

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors / Social Psychological Factors / Involvement--You Are What You Read

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

8 Race, Ethnic Groups, and Racism

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

The Meaning of Race, Ethnic Groups, and Racism Extent and Origin of Races and Racism in America

Race, Ethnicity and the Quality of Life

The Rights of Citizenship / The Right to Equal Economic Opportunities / The Right to Life and Happiness / Voices: Will It Ever End? / The Right to Dignity as a Human Being

Contributing Factors

Involvement--Becoming Color Blind / Social Structural Factors / Social Psychological Factors / Global Comparison: Prejudice in Europe

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

Part Four: Problems of Social Institutions

9 Government and Politics

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

Introduction

Why Government?

Protect the Citizenry / Secure Order / Distribute Power Equitably / Provide a Safety Net

Problems of Government and Politics

Inequalities in Power / The Failure of Trust / Involvement: Why Don't People Trust the Government? / Waste, Corruption, and Scandals / Gridlock Government, Politics, and the Quality of Life Unequal Opportunities for a High Quality of Life / Inadequate Protection of Individual Rights / Lack of Responsiveness to Needs / Voices: "Why Isn't There Help for People Like Me?"

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors / Global Comparison: Bureaucracy in Indonesia / Social Psychological Factors

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

10 Work and the Economy

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

The Economy, Work, and the Work Force in America

The Changing Economy / The Changing Occupational Structure / The Changing Composition of the Labor Force / The Changing Meaning of Work

Work as a Social Problem

Unemployment and Underemployment / Global Comparison: Unemployment Rates in Industrial Nations / Dissatisfaction and Alienation / Work Hazards and Stress

Work and the Quality of Life

Work, Unemployment, and Health / Voices: "I'm Not a Worrier, but. . ." / Interpersonal Relationships

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors / Social Psychological Factors / Involvement--Fun and Games at Work

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

11 Education

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

Why Education?

Educational Attainment and Payoff

Levels of Attainment / Global Comparison: Educational Attainment, by Country / Attainment and Payoff

Education and the Quality of Life

Inequality of Opportunity and Attainment / The Atmosphere: Learning or Surviving? / The Payoff: A Great Training Robbery? / American Education: A Tide of Mediocrity?

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors / Involvement--What is the Purpose of Education? / Voices: "I Kept My Mouth Shut" / Social Psychological Factors / A Concluding Note on the Inequality in Education

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Use of Vouchers / Quality Enhancement Measures / The Desegregation Process / Compensatory and Other Innovative Programs / The Deschooling Movement

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

12 Family Problems

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

Is the Family Doomed?

Alternative Forms of the Family / The Changing American Family / Global Comparison: Marital Quality and Well-Being of Children / Functions of the Family

The Extent of Family Problems

Disrupted and Reconstituted Families / Family Violence Family Problems and the Quality of Life Physical and Emotional Difficulties / Voices: "I Survived the Abuse" / Poverty / Deviant Behavior / Maladjustment

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors / Social Psychological Factors / Involvement--One Big Happy Family

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

l3 Health Care and Illness: Physical and Mental

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

Nature of the Problem: Health Care and Illness

Physical Illness / AIDS / Global Comparison: The Worldwide Challenge of Infectious Diseases / Mental Illness / Involvement--Except Me and Thee? / Voices: "If You Want to Live a Long Life. . ."

Health Care, Illness, and the Quality of Life

Stress and Suffering / Interpersonal Relationships / Inadequate Care / Deinstitutionalization / Individual Freedom / Economic Costs

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors / Social Psychological Factors

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

Notes

Part Five: Global Social Problems

14 War and Terrorism

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

War, Civil War, and Terrorism

The New Face of War / Extent of the ProblemWar, Terrorism and the Quality of Life Human Destruction and Injury / Psychological Disruption and Dehumanization / Environmental Destruction / Voices: "I Didn't Want to See It" / The Economic Costs / Civil Liberties

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors / Global Comparison: Militarism: "A World Gone Insane" / Social Psychological Factors / Involvement: "What a Great War That Was"

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

15 The Environment

Learning Objectives

Focus Questions

The Ecosystem

Types of Environmental Problems

Environmental Pollution / Environmental DepletionHow Big Are Our Environmental Problems?
Environmental Pollution / Environmental Depletion / Global Comparison: World Energy Consumption and Production

Environmental Problems and the Quality of Life

The Hazards of Overpopulation / The Environmental Threat to Life and Health / Voices: "We're Not Safe Here Anymore" / Threat to the Ecological Balance / The Economic Costs / Threat to World Peace

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors / Social Psychological Factors

Public Policy and Private Action: What Is to Be Done?

Involvement: Nature Bats Last

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

For Further Reading

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