ISBN-10:
0136510841
ISBN-13:
9780136510840
Pub. Date:
12/27/1996
Publisher:
Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference
Social Problems : A Critical Power-Conflict Perspective / Edition 5

Social Problems : A Critical Power-Conflict Perspective / Edition 5

by Joe R. Feagin

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780136510840
Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference
Publication date: 12/27/1996
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 505
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 9.18(h) x 1.03(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Acknowledgments xviii
A Troubled Society
1(31)
Americans View Their Lives
3(6)
Workaday Troubles
4(2)
Latino and African Americans
6(1)
The View from the Home
6(1)
Problems with Gender Discrimination: Women Workers
7(1)
Family Tragedies
7(1)
Interpreting Life's Troubles
8(1)
Societal Decline: The Genuine Progress Indicator
9(1)
People Working for Change: Some Recent Examples
10(2)
The United Farm Workers Union
10(1)
Clerical Workers' Unions
11(1)
Striking for Better Conditions in the South
11(1)
Protesting Toxic Pollution
11(1)
Traditional Perspectives on Society and Social Problems
12(5)
The European Background
13(1)
Corporate Liberalism
14(1)
Social Problems: The Durkheimian Tradition in the United States
15(1)
Mainstream Social Science Views of Social Problems
16(1)
A Critical Power-Conflict Perspective
17(8)
Background: The Thought of Karl Marx
18(1)
Contemporary Class Perspectives
19(3)
Perspectives Emphasizing Gender and Race
22(3)
Conclusion: Some Working Propositions
25(3)
Summary
28(1)
Study Questions
29(1)
Key Concepts
29(1)
Project
29(1)
Notes
30(2)
Class Relations and the Problem of Inequality
32(45)
Some Revealing Societal Snapshots
33(3)
Plant Closings
33(1)
Workplace Hazards
33(1)
Five Million Rolling Fire Bombs
34(1)
Toxic Chemicals in the Environment
34(1)
How Are Classes Defined? Some Lessons from the Snapshots
35(1)
A Closer Look at Class Relations in Our Society
36(8)
The Class Structure
36(2)
The Capitalist Class
38(2)
The Working Class
40(1)
The Managerial Class
41(1)
The Small-Business Class
42(1)
Other Important Groups
43(1)
The Corporate Structure
44(1)
The State
44(5)
Capitalism, Large Corporations, and the State: The Example of the Farm Crisis
47(2)
Contrasting Views of Inequality
49(2)
The Persisting Problem of Income Inequality
51(9)
Patterns of Income Inequality
52(2)
The Very Rich
54(1)
Effects of Income Inequality: Length and Quality of Life
54(2)
Education and Income Inequality
56(1)
Impact on Government
57(1)
Workers' Real Incomes
58(1)
A Two-Tiered Society?
59(1)
The Inequality of Wealth
60(4)
The Early Period
61(1)
Wealth in Contemporary America
62(1)
Families and Corporations
62(2)
Taxation
64(2)
Consequences of Income and Wealth Inequality
66(1)
Sources of Capitalists' Wealth
67(4)
Mercantile and Plantation Capitalism (1700-1850)
67(1)
Industrial Capitalism (1850-1890)
68(1)
Early Monopoly Capitalism (1890-1940)
68(2)
Advanced (Late) Monopoly Capitalism (1940-?)
70(1)
Summary
71(2)
Study Questions
73(1)
Key Concepts
73(1)
Project
73(1)
Notes
73(4)
Poverty, Unemployment, and Underemployment
77(34)
Low Incomes and Poverty
79(4)
The Extent and Character of Poverty
80(1)
Questioning the Official Poverty Count
81(2)
Unemployment, Underemployment, and Poverty
83(6)
Official Unemployment Statistics
83(3)
Questioning Official Unemployment Statistics
86(1)
The Unemployment Link to Poverty
86(1)
Unemployment's Impact
87(2)
Capitalism, Unemployment, and Poverty
89(7)
The Underclass Concept
89(1)
Capitalism and the Poor
90(1)
The Intense Quest for Private Profit
90(2)
Moving to the Sunbelt
92(1)
The Working Poor
93(3)
A Reform Initiative
96(1)
The Ideology of Individualism and the Poor
96(5)
The Historical Background
97(1)
Views on the Poor: The 1960s
97(1)
Public Opinion
98(1)
Consequences of the Rationalizations for Poverty
99(1)
Ideological Socialization
100(1)
Government Intervention: The Broad Subsidy System
101(4)
The Context of Aid for the Poor
101(4)
Summary
105(2)
Study Questions
107(1)
Key Concepts
107(1)
Project
107(1)
Notes
107(4)
Problems of Racial Groups and Racial Inequality
111(33)
The Revolutionary Background
111(2)
Racial Thinking
113(2)
Racial Groups and Racism
113(1)
The Social Definition of Racial Groups
114(1)
Explaining Racial Domination
115(1)
African Americans
116(6)
The Chains of Slavery
116(1)
The Labor Market: A Racial Split
117(1)
Recent Gains and Losses in Employment and Income
118(3)
Issues of Wealth
121(1)
Patterns of Discrimination: Employment and Housing
122(10)
Racial Discrimination: Some Dimensions
122(2)
Persisting Discrimination in Recruitment and Hiring
124(1)
The Glass Ceiling
125(2)
Discrimination in Business
127(1)
Housing Discrimination
128(2)
Debates on the "Underclass" and Racial Discrimination
130(2)
Reactions to Equal Opportunity Efforts
132(4)
White Attitudes
132(1)
White Resistance
133(2)
Black Anger over Discrimination and Poverty
135(1)
The Issue of Recent Immigration
136(3)
Summary
139(1)
Study Questions
140(1)
Key Concepts
140(1)
Project
141(1)
Notes
141(3)
Problems of Gender Roles and Sex Discrimination
144(46)
Ideas About Stratification by Gender
145(3)
Power--Conflict Ideas: The Class Emphasis
145(1)
Feminist Views
146(1)
Gender Discrimination and Racism
147(1)
Gender Role Stereotyping
148(3)
Schools
148(1)
The Mass Media
149(1)
Stereotyping in Biologically Oriented Accounts
150(1)
Family and Home: Patterns of Oppression
151(7)
Family Decisions
151(2)
Childbearing and Child Rearing
153(1)
Sexuality
154(1)
Housework and Consumption Work
154(1)
Domestic Violence
155(1)
Child Sexual Abuse
156(2)
Sexual Assault Outside and Inside the Home
158(3)
Date Rape
160(1)
Rape and Law Enforcement
160(1)
Employment Outside the Home
161(14)
Occupational Segregation of Women Workers
162(1)
The Occupational Gap
163(1)
Comparable Pay for Comparable Work?
164(2)
Employment Discrimination
166(1)
Recruitment Practices
167(1)
Screening and Tracking Practices
167(1)
Promotion Practices
168(3)
Sexual Harassment
171(2)
Other Discrimination in the Workplace
173(1)
Double Jeopardy: The Situation of Women of Color
174(1)
Discrimination in Housing, Law, and Politics
175(4)
Housing
175(1)
Law and Politics
176(2)
The Resurgence of Femininity
178(1)
Hazards of Being Male
179(3)
Gender Role Problems
179(3)
Men Moving into Traditionally Female Jobs
182(1)
Summary
182(1)
Study Questions
183(1)
Key Concepts
184(1)
Project
184(1)
Notes
184(6)
Problems in Education
190(41)
The Growing Scope of Education
192(1)
Roots: The Development of Public Schools
192(5)
Public Schools in Urban Areas
192(1)
High Schools
193(2)
Humanistic Goals
195(1)
Labor Movement Resistance
195(1)
School Choice and Schools-for-Profit
196(1)
Tracking Systems and the Curriculum
197(2)
Two-Tiered Schooling
197(2)
The Content of Schooling
199(1)
IQ Testing and Public Schooling
199(4)
The So-Called Intelligence Tests
199(2)
Racial Issues
201(2)
High Schools Today
203(4)
Restlessness and Despair in Suburbia
203(1)
Learning Consumerism
204(2)
Teen Sitting and Discipline Problems
206(1)
Colleges and Universities
207(3)
Changes
207(1)
Tracking in Higher Education
207(2)
Government, Corporations, and Universities
209(1)
Student Protests
209(1)
Diplomas, Credentials, and "Human Capital,"
210(2)
Qualifications and Credentials
210(1)
Overqualified College Students
211(1)
New Concern for "Human Capital,"
211(1)
Racial Discrimination and Related Problems
212(9)
Schools for Black Americans
213(1)
The Struggle for Desegregation
213(1)
School Desegregation: Cultural Chauvinism
214(1)
Does More Education Bring Higher Incomes?
214(1)
High School Dropouts or "Pushouts"?
215(1)
Reforming the Public Schools
216(1)
Racial Problems at the College Level
217(1)
Problems in Education for Latinos
218(2)
Education and the Stereotyping of Asian Americans
220(1)
Sexism in Education
221(3)
Elementary and Secondary Schools
221(2)
Higher Education
223(1)
Title IX
223(1)
Summary
224(1)
Study Questions
225(1)
Key Concepts
226(1)
Project
226(1)
Notes
226(5)
Problems in Health and Medical Care
231(38)
Health Statistics
231(4)
Death and Illness Rates
232(1)
Health Care Services
232(1)
The High Cost
233(2)
High-Technology Medicine
235(4)
The Bureaucratization of Medicine
235(1)
Technology or Corporate Decisions?
235(1)
The High-Tech Focus
236(2)
Medical Education: The Move to Hospitals and Offices
238(1)
High-Technology Medicine: Benefits and Problems
239(2)
Health Care: Private Control and Private Profit
241(9)
The Medical-Industrial Complex Today
241(1)
Profits
242(1)
Fee-for-Service Physicians
242(1)
Corporate Profits
243(1)
Private For-Profit Hospitals
244(1)
Blood Banks and Profits
245(1)
Drugs and Profits
246(1)
Consumers, Drugs, and Advertising
247(1)
Profits from Poor Countries
248(2)
Income and Health
250(1)
Racial and Gender Discrimination
250(6)
Racial Discrimination
250(2)
Sexism in Health Care
252(3)
Abortion and Control
255(1)
Government Intervention in Health Care
256(4)
A Shift in the 1930s
256(1)
The War on Poverty
256(1)
Alternative Health Care
257(1)
Health Care Finacing Reform
258(2)
Warehouses for the Aged and Disabled: The Nursing Home Industry
260(4)
Numbers and Private Homes
260(1)
Nursing for Profit
260(4)
Summary
264(1)
Study Questions
265(1)
Key Concepts
265(1)
Project
265(1)
Notes
266(3)
Problems of Crime and Law Enforcement
269(41)
Types of Law Violations
270(2)
Street Crime
272(6)
Official Statistics: An Inadequate Measure of Crime
272(1)
Certain Dimensions of Street Crime
273(1)
Explaining Street Crime
274(1)
A Power-Conflict Perspective: Low Wages and Unemployment
275(1)
The Structural Solution
276(1)
Crimes of Personal Violence
277(1)
Crimes by the Very Powerful
278(7)
Corporate Crime
278(3)
Who Pays?
281(1)
Punishment
282(2)
Occupational and Small-Business Crime
284(1)
Crimes by Government Officials
285(4)
The President's Men
285(2)
The FBI and CIA
287(1)
Corporations and Government
287(2)
Organized Crime, Business, and Government
289(1)
Prosecuting Criminals
290(13)
The Police
291(3)
The Courts
294(3)
The Death Penalty Issue
297(2)
Prisons and Jails
299(2)
Overcrowding: A National Scandal
301(1)
Prison Riots
301(1)
An Alternative Approach
302(1)
Summary
303(2)
Study Questions
305(1)
Key Concepts
305(1)
Project
305(1)
Notes
305(5)
Problems Labeled "Deviance": Homelessness, Mental Illness, Drug Addiction, and Homosexuality
310(39)
Perspectives on Deviance
310(4)
Accenting Maladjusted Individuals
310(1)
Toward a Critical Power-Conflict Approach to "Deviance,"
311(2)
The Treatment of Those Labeled Deviant
313(1)
Homelessness
314(6)
Reactions to the Homeless as "Trash,"
314(1)
Who Are the Homeless?
315(1)
Causes of Homelessness: Unemployment and the Lack of Affordable Housing
316(2)
Deinstitutionalization
318(1)
Local Responses to Homelessness
319(1)
Mental Illness
320(3)
Labeling the Mentally Ill
320(3)
Drug and Other Substance Addiction
323(13)
What Substance Use Is Illegal?
323(1)
Tobacco Use: An Ancient Addiction
323(2)
The Role of Large Corporations in Tobacco Use
325(1)
Alcohol: Another Major Addiction
326(2)
Illegal Drug Use
328(2)
Who Controls the Illegal Drug Trade?
330(1)
The World of Illegal Drug Users
331(1)
Indiscriminately Prescribing "Legal" Drugs
332(1)
Illegal Drugs and Neighborhoods
332(1)
Law Enforcement
333(1)
Illegal Drugs and Government Policy in Central America
334(1)
The Legalization Debate
335(1)
Homosexuality
336(6)
Labeling Sexual Behavior as Deviance
336(2)
Sexism and Public Reactions to Homosexuals
338(1)
Gays and Lesbians in the Military
338(2)
Politics and Organizing Homosexual Communities
340(1)
AIDS and the Homosexual Community
341(1)
Summary
342(2)
Study Questions
344(1)
Key Concepts
344(1)
Projects
345(1)
Notes
345(4)
Problems of Work and Worker Alienation
349(40)
Dangers in the Workplace
350(10)
Accidents and Injuries
350(1)
Occupational Illnesses
350(2)
Responsibility for Dangers
352(2)
Toxic Exposure
354(1)
Safety Regulation
355(3)
The Right-to-Know Movement
358(2)
Alienation and Work
360(9)
The Concept of Alienation
360(1)
Dissatisfaction with Work
361(1)
The Health Impact
362(1)
Desire for More Control
363(1)
The Impact on Dignity and Self-Respect
363(1)
Is White-Collar Work a Way Out?
364(2)
Is High-Tech a Way Out?
366(1)
The Increase in Contingent Work
367(2)
Resistance and Change in the Workplace
369(6)
The Fight for Better Wages and Conditions
370(1)
Unions and Worker Protests
371(3)
Ongoing Class Struggle
374(1)
Strategies for Controlling Workers
375(7)
Scientific Management (Taylorism)
376(1)
The Team Concept: A New Type of Taylorism
376(1)
Hierarchical Control
377(1)
Automation and Technical Control
377(1)
Job Losses and Capital Flight
378(3)
Workers Fighting Back: Plant Closing Laws
381(1)
Summary
382(2)
Study Questions
384(1)
Key Concepts
384(1)
Project
384(1)
Notes
384(5)
Environmental, Energy, and Military-Industrial Problems
389(54)
A Societal Snapshot
390(1)
Environmental Pollution and Degradation
391(16)
Toxic Chemicals
391(1)
Ozone Depletion
392(1)
Waste Disposal
393(3)
Water Pollution
396(2)
Air Pollution
398(1)
Private Profits and the Costs of Pollution
399(1)
Pollution Prevention Measures
400(2)
The Military-Industrial Establishment as Polluter
402(1)
Citizens Fighting Pollution
402(3)
Modest Government Action on Pollution
405(2)
A Global Perspective
407(1)
Energy Problems
407(8)
Energy Consumption and Waste
407(1)
Alternative Energy Technologies
408(1)
Energy, Class, and Race
409(1)
Oil and Energy Problems
409(4)
Resource Depletion and Pollution: Automobiles, Trucks, and Buses
413(1)
The Decline of Mass Transit
414(1)
Nuclear Power and Nuclear Pollution
415(8)
Major Problems
416(2)
Pollution from Nuclear Wastes
418(1)
Nuclear Technology: The Military Connection
419(3)
Is a Major Disaster Possible?
422(1)
Can People Bring Change?
422(1)
The Military-Industrial Complex: A Social Problem?
423(7)
Nuclear Weaponry
423(1)
War in Historical Perspective
424(1)
War in the Nuclear Age
425(1)
The Military-Industrial Complex
426(1)
Arms Sales Abroad
427(1)
The Case of General Electric
428(1)
"Weapons Welfarism,"
429(1)
Growth and Technology
430(3)
Growth
430(1)
Technology
431(2)
The Ecological Crises and Capitalism
433(2)
Summary
435(2)
Study Questions
437(1)
Key Concepts
437(1)
Projects
437(1)
Notes
437(6)
Remedying Social Problems
443(50)
The Mass Media and Information Control
444(2)
The Mass Media
444(2)
Prepolitical Thought?
446(2)
People Protesting and Organizing for Change
448(19)
Women's Groups
450(2)
Union Movements
452(3)
Older Americans
455(1)
Americans of Color
455(3)
The Consumer Movement
458(1)
Antinuclear and Antiwar Protest
459(1)
Environmental Action Groups
460(2)
Other Community Action Groups
462(3)
Prospects for Expanded Progressive Grassroots Action
465(2)
Conservative and Reactionary Groups
467(1)
Alternative Social Systems
467(6)
Varieties of Socialism
467(1)
A Social Welfare State
468(2)
A Note on Government Intervention in the United States
470(1)
Democratic Socialism in the Kibbutz
471(2)
The Possibility of Economic Democracy
473(11)
Democratic Socialism in the United States
474(1)
Workplace Democracy
475(1)
Views of Democratic Socialism and Economic Democracy
476(3)
Beyond Racism and Sexism in the United States
479(2)
The Transitional Stage of Economic Democracy
481(1)
The Beneficial Impact of a Democratic Economy
482(2)
The Future of Democracy
484(2)
Summary
486(2)
Study Questions
488(1)
Key Concepts
488(1)
Project
488(1)
Notes
489(4)
Index 493

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