ISBN-10:
020527661X
ISBN-13:
9780205276615
Pub. Date:
10/12/1998
Publisher:
Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Social Problems: A World at Risk / Edition 2

Social Problems: A World at Risk / Edition 2

by Michael P. Soroka, George J. Bryjak

Paperback

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780205276615
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Publication date: 10/12/1998
Edition description: 2ND
Pages: 514
Product dimensions: 7.50(w) x 9.07(h) x 0.79(d)

Table of Contents

Preface viii
The Sociology of Social Problems
1(26)
Sociology and Social Problems
4(2)
Studying Problems Sociologically
6(5)
Complications in Studying Social Problems
6(4)
Research Limitations
10(1)
Theoretical Interpretations of Social Problems
11(11)
Structural-Functionalist Perspectives
12(3)
Criticisms of the Functionalist Approach
15(1)
Conflict Perspectives
16(4)
Symbolic-Interactionist Perspectives
20(2)
Toward an Understanding of Contemporary Problems
22(5)
Connections
23(1)
Scope and Level
24(3)
Family Disorganization: Crisis in the Home
27(43)
The Impact of Work and the Economy on Family Life
29(11)
Unemployment and Poverty
30(2)
Single-Parent Families
32(6)
Two-Paycheck Families
38(2)
Family Violence
40(10)
Child Abuse
43(5)
Battered Women
48(2)
Focus on Mexico Domestic Violence
50(10)
Battered Men
57(1)
A Cross-Cultural Perspective
58(2)
Divorce
60(10)
Demographic Factors
64(1)
Economic Consequences
65(1)
Effects on Children
66(4)
Drugs, Alcohol, and Gambling: Taking a Chance
70(47)
Understanding the Problem of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
73(5)
History of the Problem in America
73(3)
Defining Dependence
76(2)
Drug Use and Abuse
78(14)
International Trends
78(1)
U.S. Trends
79(5)
Consequences of Drug Use and Abuse
84(3)
Drug Use and the Law
87(5)
Alcohol Use and Abuse
92(10)
Social Characteristics of Users and Abusers
92(3)
Consequences of Alcohol Use and Abuse
95(4)
Causes of Problem Drinking
99(3)
Focus on Russia an Old Problem in a New Commonwealth
102(6)
Controlling the Problem: Cross-Cultural Strategies
104(4)
Gambling
108(9)
Scope of the Problem
108(1)
Pathological Gamblers
109(3)
The Government, Big Business, and Gambling
112(2)
The Future of Gambling
114(3)
Health and Health Care: Paying the Price
117(34)
Measuring Health and Illness
119(2)
The Medical Model
119(1)
The Functional Model
120(1)
The Psychological Model
120(1)
Health, Illness, and Death in Developing Countries
121(5)
Primary Health Resources
121(1)
Leading Causes and Patterns of Death
122(3)
Women's Health
125(1)
Health and Economic Development
126(1)
Societal Responses to Preventable Death and Illness
127(9)
AIDS: Looking for Solutions to a Global Epidemic
128(3)
Smoking: The Politics of Banning Behaviors
131(5)
Health Care U.S.A.: A System in Crisis
136(8)
The Good: High-Quality Health Care
137(1)
The Bad: Spiraling Costs
137(4)
The Ugly: Unequal Access to Health Care
141(3)
Tackling the U.S. Health Care Problem
144(2)
Restructuring Proposals
144(2)
Focus on Canada Northern Disclosure
146(5)
Revisionist Proposals
148(3)
Problems in Education and Work: Chasing the Dream
151(32)
The Theory and Practice of Education
153(10)
Sociological Perspectives on Education
154(1)
The Functionalist View
154(1)
Conflict Interpretations
155(6)
Symbolic Interactionist Interpretations
161(2)
Education in the United States: A System in Crisis
163(7)
Problems in American Education
163(2)
Addressing America's Educational Problems
165(1)
The Battle over Educational Reforms
166(4)
Focus on Japan The Japanese School
170(2)
Work in Theory and Practice
172(3)
Economy and Work: The Functionalist Perspective
172(1)
Conflict Theory on Economy and Work
173(1)
Symbolic Interactionism: The Meaning of Work
174(1)
Problems in Work and the Workplace
175(8)
The Context of Modern Work
175(2)
Structural Unemployment
177(3)
Worker Anxiety and Insecurity
180(3)
Inequality and Poverty: Falling Behind
183(34)
Assessing Contemporary Inequality
185(5)
Economic Dimensions of Inequality
186(1)
International Economic Inequality
186(2)
Economic Inequality in the United States
188(2)
Industrialism, Postindustrialism, and Inequality
190(3)
Corporate Power
191(1)
Political Economy
191(2)
Global Inequality
193(4)
World System Theory
195(2)
Understanding Poverty
197(3)
Defining and Measuring Poverty
197(3)
The Causes of Poverty
200(1)
Focus on Brazil the Boys from Brazil
200(6)
Poverty and Homelessness in the United States
206(11)
Who Are the Poor?
206(2)
Urban Poverty
208(1)
Homelessness
208(1)
Who Are the Homeless?
209(2)
Causes of Homelessness
211(1)
Addressing the Poverty Problem
212(5)
Problems of Race and Ethnicity: The Melting Pot Boils Over
217(33)
Understanding the Problems of Race and Ethnicity
219(4)
Race
219(1)
Ethnicity
220(3)
Inequalities Between Majority Groups and Minority Groups
223(3)
Discrimination, Prejudice, and Stereotyping
223(1)
Institutionalized Discrimination
224(1)
Legal Protection of Minorities
224(2)
Patterns of Racial and Ethnic Group Relations
226(2)
Assimilation
226(1)
Pluralism and Multiculturalism
227(1)
Focus on Burundi Battle in Burundi
228(4)
Population Transfer
229(1)
Extermination
230(2)
Race and Ethnic Relations in the Global Village
232(4)
The Empires Strike Out
232(2)
Indigenous Peoples
234(2)
Race and Ethnic Group Relations in the United States
236(14)
The Myth of the Melting Pot
236(1)
The Reality of Diversity
236(2)
African Americans
238(3)
Native Americans
241(2)
Hispanics
243(3)
Asian Americans
246(4)
Inequalities of Sex and Gender: The Longest War
250(34)
Sex, Gender, and Sexual Orientation
252(3)
Gender Stereotypes and Gender Roles
253(1)
Sexual Orientation Stereotypes
254(1)
Patterns of Gender Inequality
255(9)
Gender and Education
255(3)
Gender and the Workplace
258(6)
Focus on Japan Issues of Gender Equity
264(5)
Women in Politics and Law
266(3)
Sexual Issues as a Battlefront
269(11)
Gay Marriages
269(3)
Sexual Harassment
272(2)
Rape
274(3)
Abortion
277(3)
Feminism and the Women's Movement
280(4)
The Women's Movement in the United States
280(4)
Crime, Violence, and Criminal Justice: Getting Busted
284(55)
Counting Crime Around the World
286(5)
The United States
287(2)
Developed Countries
289(1)
Developing Nations
290(1)
Offenders and Victims
291(5)
Offenders
291(3)
Victims
294(2)
Crime and Unemployment
296(1)
Explanations of Crime and Violence
297(5)
Functionalism and Crime
297(1)
Conflict Sociology and Crime
298(1)
Differential Association
299(1)
Television and Violence
300(2)
Focus on China Crime and Justice in China
302(4)
Violence and Crime
306(15)
Murder
306(3)
Robbery
309(1)
Street Gangs
310(9)
Guns and Gun Control
319(2)
Property and Occupational Crimes
321(6)
Property Crimes
322(2)
Occupational Crime
324(3)
Organized Crime in the United States
327(2)
The Criminal Justice System
329(10)
The Police
330(2)
The Courts
332(2)
The Prisons
334(5)
Population Dynamics: Too Many and Too Few People
339(49)
Overpopulation
341(14)
Unprecedented Growth
341(2)
The Demographic Transition
343(3)
Population, the Environment, and Development
346(4)
Population Growth and Cities in the Developing World
350(5)
World Hunger
355(6)
The Green Revolution and Beyond
358(3)
How Many People Can the Earth Support?
361(1)
Controlling Fertility
361(3)
Changing Attitudes and Behavior
363(1)
Focus on Bangladesh Lowering Fertility in Bangladesh
364(5)
Underpopulation and Societal Aging
369(7)
Slow Growth and Negative Growth
369(1)
Japan: Moving toward NPG
370(1)
The Graying of the United States
371(5)
Migration
376(12)
Internal Migration
376(1)
International Migration
377(4)
The United States and Immigration
381(7)
Environmental Problems: Trashing the Planet
388(39)
Problems of Environmental Depletion
391(1)
Perpetual Resource Depletion
392(7)
Water Shortages
392(3)
Solving Water Shortages
395(2)
Soil and Land Depletion
397(1)
Solving Land Depletion Problems
398(1)
Nonrenewable Resource Depletion
399(9)
Oil Depletion
401(1)
Coal Depletion
402(1)
Nuclear Energy
402(2)
Addressing the Energy Crisis
404(4)
Problems of Environmental Destruction
408(4)
Water Pollution
408(2)
Air Pollution
410(2)
Focus on Southeast Asia Malaise in Malaysia
412(8)
Problems of Waste Disposal
420(7)
Solid Wastes
420(2)
Toxic Wastes
422(2)
Radioactive Waste
424(3)
The World at War: Apocalypse Now
427(43)
Understanding Conflict and War
430(15)
Causes of War
430(2)
The Cost of War
432(8)
War Crimes
440(5)
The Cold War and its Aftermath
445(9)
Dismantling the Arsenal and Controlling the Weapons
447(2)
The Rise of Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict
449(1)
Developing Nations and the New Arms Race
450(4)
Future Wars
454(1)
Focus on Iran and Iraq the Iran/Iraq War
454(4)
Terrorism
458(7)
Keeping the Peace
465(5)
Epilogue: Hurdling the Millennium 470(3)
Glossary 473(3)
Bibliography 476(28)
Name Index 504(5)
Subject Index 509(6)
Photo Credits 515

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