ISBN-10:
0205353118
ISBN-13:
9780205353118
Pub. Date:
07/17/2002
Publisher:
Pearson
Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches / Edition 5

Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches / Edition 5

by William Lawrence Neuman

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780205353118
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 07/17/2002
Series: Relevance of Social Research Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 592
Product dimensions: 7.27(w) x 9.60(h) x 1.31(d)

About the Author

W. Lawrence Neuman James is professor of sociology and Asian Studies coordinator at University of Wisconsin-Whitewater. His M.A. and Ph.D. were earned at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has authored seven books and published 35 articles and book chapters, which have appeared in Social Problems, Sociological Inquiry, Social Science Quarterly, American Sociological Review, Critical Asian Studies, Teaching Sociology, The Journal of Contemporary Asia, Sociological Quarterly, and other journals . He is a former president of the Wisconsin Sociological Association. Neuman has received his university’s highest award for research, the Chancellor's Award for service to students with disabilities, as well as the the Wisconsin Sociological Association's Outstanding Service Award, and the College of Letters and Sciences awards for outstanding teaching, excellence in research, and outstanding service.

Table of Contents

Prefacevii
Part 1Foundations
Chapter 1Science and Research1
Introduction1
Alternatives to Social Research2
How Science Works6
Steps of the Research Process12
Qualitative and Quantitative Social Research16
Why Conduct Social Research?16
Conclusion17
Chapter 2Dimensions of Research20
Introduction20
Dimensions of Research21
Data Collection Techniques Used35
Conclusion39
Chapter 3Theory and Research41
Introduction41
What Is Theory?42
Social Theory versus Ideology42
The Parts of Theory44
The Aspects of Theory50
The Dynamic Duo65
Conclusion66
Chapter 4The Meanings of Methodology68
Introduction68
The Three Approaches69
Positivist Social Science70
Interpretive Social Science75
Critical Social Science81
Feminist and Postmodern Research87
Conclusion90
Chapter 5The Literature Review and Ethical Concerns95
Introduction95
The Literature Review96
Ethics in Social Research116
Conclusion134
Part 2Planning and Preparation
Chapter 6Qualitative and Quantitative Research Designs137
Introduction137
Triangulation137
Qualitative and Quantitative Orientations toward Research139
Qualitative Design Issues146
Quantitative Design Issues149
Conclusion164
Chapter 7Qualitative and Quantitative Measurement169
Introduction169
Why Measure?170
Quantitative and Qualitative Measurement171
Parts of the Measurement Process171
Reliability and Validity178
A Guide to Quantitative Measurement187
Index Construction192
Scales195
Conclusion206
Chapter 8Qualitative and Quantitative Sampling210
Introduction210
Nonprobability Sampling211
Probability Sampling215
Conclusion235
Part 3Quantitative Data Collection and Analysis
Chapter 9Experimental Research237
Introduction237
Random Assignment240
Experimental Design Logic243
Internal and External Validity251
Practical Considerations257
Results of Experimental Research: Making Comparisons258
A Word on Ethics258
Conclusion258
Chapter 10Survey Research263
Introduction263
The Logic of Survey Research267
Constructing the Questionnaire268
Types of Surveys: Advantages and Disadvantages289
Interviewing292
The Ethical Survey302
Conclusion303
Chapter 11Nonreactive Research and Secondary Analysis308
Introduction308
Nonreactive Measurement309
Content Analysis310
Existing Statistics/Documents and Secondary Analysis317
Issues of Inference and Theory Testing328
Conclusion329
Chapter 12Analysis of Quantitative Data331
Introduction331
Dealing with Data332
Results with One Variable335
Results with Two Variables340
More than Two Variables351
Inferential Statistics356
Conclusion360
Part 4Qualitative Data Collection and Analysis
Chapter 13Field Research363
Introduction363
The Logic of Field Research368
Choosing a Site and Gaining Access371
Relations in the Field377
Observing and Collecting Data381
The Field Research Interview390
Leaving the Field395
Ethical Dilemmas of Field Research396
Conclusion398
Chapter 14Historical-Comparative Research402
Introduction402
The Logic of Historical-Comparative Research405
Steps in a Historical-Comparative Research Project413
Data and Evidence in Historical Context415
Comparative Research422
Equivalence in Historical-Comparative Research430
Ethics433
Conclusion434
Chapter 15Analysis of Qualitative Data438
Introduction438
Comparing Methods of Data Analysis439
Coding and Concept Formation441
Analytic Strategies for Qualitative Data447
What Is Not Seen457
Other Techniques460
Conclusion466
Part 5Communicating with Others
Chapter 16Writing the Research Report and the Politics of Social Research468
Introduction468
The Research Report469
The Politics of Social Research483
Objectivity and Value Freedom496
Conclusion498
Appendixes
Appendix AAmerican Sociological Association Code of Ethics501
Appendix BTable of Randomly Selected Five-Digit Numbers514
Appendix CSample of Data Archives and Resources for Secondary Analysis518
Appendix DMeasurement Theory and Specialized Techniques for Index and Scale Construction520
Appendix EEvaluation Research524
Glossary529
Bibliography548
Name Index577
Subject Index579

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