ISBN-10:
074563981X
ISBN-13:
9780745639819
Pub. Date:
01/19/2010
Publisher:
Wiley
Social Theory in the Twentieth Century and Beyond / Edition 2

Social Theory in the Twentieth Century and Beyond / Edition 2

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780745639819
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 01/19/2010
Pages: 248
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Patrick Baert is Senior Lecturer at University of Cambridge and Fellow of Selwyn College, Cambridge.

Filipe Carreira Da Silva is Research Fellow at'Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition viii

Introduction 1

What this book is about 1

Our agenda 8

1 One Hundred Years of French Social Theory: From Structuralism to Pragmatism 12

Durkheim's contribution 15

Saussure's approach to linguistics 19

Lévi-Strauss's anthropology 24

Bourdieu's genetic structuralism 34

French pragmatism 42

Further reading 48

References 48

2 The Biological Metaphor: Functionalism and Neo-functionalism 52

Early functionalism 53

Talcott Parsons 64

Robert Merton 71

Neo-functionalism and Niklas Luhmann 78

Jeffrey Alexander and cultural sociology 82

Further reading 86

References 87

3 The Enigma of Everyday Life: Symbolic Interactionism, the Dramaturgical Approach and Ethnomethodology 90

G. H. Mead and symbolic interactionism 91

Erving Goffman's dramaturgical approach 101

Ethnomethodology 108

Social rituals, emotions and trust: Collins and Hardin 116

Further reading 121

References 121

4 The Invasion of Economic Man: From Rational Choice Theory to the New Institutionalism 125

Rational choice explanations 127

Game theory 130

The new institutionalism 136

Examples of rational choice and new institutionalism applications 141

Problems with rational choice theory 144

Further reading 151

References 152

5 Sociology Meets History: Giddens's Theory of Modernity 155

Sociology and modernity 155

Giddens's structuration theory 159

Time is of the essence: Tilly, Skocpol, Mann and Eisenstadt 170

Further reading 180

References 181

6 The History of the Present: Foucault's Archaeology and Genealogy 185

A new conception of knowledge acquisition 187

Archaeology 190

Genealogy 194

Evaluation and current developments 203

Further reading 211

References 212

7 The Spread of Reason: Habermas's Critical Theory and Beyond 215

Influences and early writings 218

The theory of communicative action 224

Between facts and norms 229

Evaluation and current developments 235

Further reading 243

References 243

8 A Brave New World? The Empirical Turn in Social Theory 248

How distinctive is our age? 248

Manuel Castells and the network society 249

Ulrich Beck and risk society 255

Zygmunt Bauman and liquid modernity 262

Saskia Sassen and the global city 268

Richard Sennett and the fall of the public man 274

Further reading 279

References 280

9 Conclusion: Social Theory for the Twenty-First Century 285

The roles of social theory 285

Why social theory? 287

Pragmatism and pragmatisms 292

Social research, reflexivity and societal engagement 301

Final remarks 304

References 305

Notes 308

Index 311

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