The Socio-Political Philosophy Of Swami Vivekananda

The Socio-Political Philosophy Of Swami Vivekananda

by Bhaiya Subhash Chandra Prasad


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The Socio-Political Philosophy Of Swami Vivekananda by Bhaiya Subhash Chandra Prasad

The influence of Swami Vivekananda on the INDIAN Nationalist Movement is well-known. Swami Vivekananda was not only a visionary, or a monk but a nationalist and a reformer par excellence. Many in our own country think that religion and mysticism and social amelioration and political and economic reconstruction cannot unite and declare that the secular and spiritual ideals are polar opposites. Such a notion has been responsible for the gross misrepresentations of the spirit of Indian philosophy, religion and culture, but the mystics, the saints and the sages of India prove standing refutation of this gross misconception. India's foreign domination is also attributed to her religion which is considered to be dreamy, idealistic, fatalistic, world-denying, pessimistic and unethical and other - wordly. Swami Vivekananda's contribution to a faithful and sympathetic representation of India's aspirations and ideals in foreign lands cannot be gainsaid. Swami Vivekananda created not only a lofty Advaita Vedantic Ideal under a order new religious know as Ramkrishna Mission but founded a new epoch in the life of the Indian people also on social, economic, and political fronts in consistency with India's past heritage and in harmony with the Western ideals. Swami Vivekananda is that man who has understood the Ashwath tree" having its root (One) above and branches (manifold) below and (which is) avyaya (which will never perish) Srimand Bhagwat Geeta XV - I.To my knowledge there has not been a single work so far exclusively on Swami Vivekananda's social and political philosophy. There is a vast kproportion of unutilised materials with respect to his political and social views. He was a protagonist of Hindu Social ideas and a precursor of socialism. He championed in his own time the causes of the down-trodden masses and the exploited poor class. He was much in advance of his age and prophesied the rule of the proletarist. It is necessary, therefore, that a thorough study of his social and political ideals be made particularly at a time when the younger generation feels attracted to the Western ideals without looking to its own treasures suitable to its own surroundings. The present work, therefore, is a systematic study of his social and political views in the light of modern Western doctrines, for only in this way can we adequately appreciate the treasures of India's constructive thinking on social and political ideals which are not so well-known. This work therefore, will prove a contribution to India's social and political thought at a time when much is talked in the world-councils about peace, equality, fraternity, co-operation etc. India may make some contributions to the mitigation of tension and unrest widespread in the world. Thus subject matter of the present thesis has been divided into eight chapters.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781581120752
Publication date: 12/01/1999
Edition description: 1
Pages: 280
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.63(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1The Background of Indian Renaissance
1.Contacts Between East and West: The Consequent Diamorphism
2.Distortion of Indian Ideas and Ideals-a Death-Sleep of Indian Nation
3.The Role of Socio-religious Movements
4.A Morning Star: Sri Ramkrishna Paramhansa
5.The Dawn: Emergence of Swami Vivekananda
Chapter 2Religion and Social Progress
1.The Spiritual Basis of Indian Civilisation
2.No Real Contradiction Between Idealism and Realism in Hindu Philosophy and Religion
3.The Advaita Metaphysics and Social Progress
4.The Advaits Ethics-an Anchorage of Social and Political Ideals
Chapter 3The Methphysical Backgroung of Indian Social and Political Porms
1.Survival of Indian as a Nation
2.The Metaphysica Backgroung of Indian Social Forms
3.Causes of the Failure of Modern Indian Civilisation
4.Solutions in Indian Scriptures
5.Decline of Western Culture
6.The Call of Swami Vivekananda
Chapter 4Individual and Society - the True Relation
1.The Hindu View of Society as an Organism
2.The Western View: a Seperatist Outlook
3.Man, the Centre of Society
4.Man and Society - The Relation not Contractual but Moral
5.Moral and Spiritual Basis of Indian Culture and Civilization
6.Western Emphasis on the External Wrappings
7.The Three Prophets of European Scientific Cultura - a Critical Estimate
Chapter 5The Advaita Vedanta and Swami Vivekananda's Socio-Political Philosophy
1.Advaits Ideal of Unity
2.Dissolution of Subject-Object Distinction at the Highest Spiritual Level
3.Advaits as the Foundational Principle of Indian Socio-Political Thinking
4.Swami Vivekananda's Defence of the Reality of the World in His Advita Vedants
5.Emergence of The Spirit of Hindusiam - Possible Only after the Superstitions Cast Off
6.Swami Vivekananda and Mahatma Gandhi
Chapter 6Social and Political Order in the Philosophhy of Swami Vivekanda
1.Individual Deviod of Social Relations - a Piction of Imagination
2.Inter-dependence of Individual and Society: the Question of Priority Irreleevant
3.Improvement of the Society Possible only after the Improvement in Individual's Character
4.Individullism in Indian Traditional Thought: Culminsting in the Social Ideals of Equality, Liberty and Fraternity
5.The Neglact of Individual: a consesquence of Western Materialistic and Totalitarian Outlook
6.Swami Vivekananda not Oblivious of the Degeneration of the Ancient Spiritual Ideals
7.The Advaitic Synthesis of Material and Spiritual Aspects of Man - the Starting Point of all Social and Political Thinking
8.Swami Vivekanands and Mahatma Gandhi Contrasted
Chapter 7Socia Ideas in Swami Vivekananda's Philosophy
1.Philosophy, Religion and Science: an Inseperable Relation
2.Religion: The Spring of Swami Vivekananda's Social Ideas
3.Equality, not Economic but Spiritual, as the Basis of Swami Vivekananda's Social Ideas
A.The Interpretation of Caste
4.Brahmin dood: A Symbol of Spirituality
5.The Four Varnas in the Hindu Scriptures: The Basis in Swabhaya. not Horedity
6.Swami Vivekananda's Views Compared with Karl Marx's View:
7.Perfection of Character, the ideal of Reform in Caste syster
B.The Meaning of Education
8.Man as the Centre of Education
9.Etymological Meaning of the term Education: the Views of Plato and Aricient Indian sages
10.Specialism in Education-Its History and consequence
11.Swami Vivekananda an Advocate of Man - Making Education
12.Education to Discipline One's Conduct
13.Fredom as the Touchstone of True Education
14.Swami Vivekanands's Emphasis on the Freedom of Spirit in a True Education
15.Method of connentration for True Education: Its Pre-Conditions
16.Education for Practical Life: A Practical Vedants
17.The Advaitic and Practical Motives in Education Reconciled
C.Views on Women
18.Women's Lib Movement in The West: IOts causes
19.Equal Status Granted to Women by Ancient Hindu Scriptures
20.Present condition of Women in India: Its causes
21.The Ideal of Divine Motherbood
Chapter 8Political Ideas in Swami Vivekananda's Philosophy
1.The Necessity of a Political Philosophy
2.The Meaning and Purpose of Political Science
3.The Apporach of Swami Vivekananda
A.Advaitic Meaning of Democracy
4.Sancetity of the Individual the Basis of Democracy
5.The Elements of Democracy
6.Democracy in Ancient India
7.The four Classes-not a contravention of Democratic and Vedantic Ideal of Equality
8.Man As the Determinant of Nature And Society
9.The Ultimacy and Freedom of Men
10.Swami Vivekananda's Views on Liberty, Equality And Fraternity
11.Democnacy within the Varna Set - up
B.The Conception of State
12.Spiritual Basis Of The State
13.The Idea Of Political Obligations
14.The Will of the - State Versus the will for the State
C.Nationalism and Internationalism
15.The Concept of nation
16.Spirituality and Freedom-The Genius of the Indian Nation
17.Swami Vivekananda as a Nationalist
18.Swami Vivekananda's Nationalism Culminates In Internationlism

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