Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life / Edition 5

Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life / Edition 5

ISBN-10:
0761988262
ISBN-13:
9780761988267
Pub. Date:
01/28/2004
Publisher:
SAGE Publications

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Overview

Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life / Edition 5

This introductory textbook uses familiar experiences to explain the concepts basic to sociology, including individuals, society, the social construction of knowledge, culture and history, socialization and identity, the presentation of the self, intimacy and family, deviance, organizations and institutions, stratification and class, race and ethnicity, sex and gender, demographic trends, and change. Newman teaches sociology at DePauw University. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780761988267
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 01/28/2004
Edition description: Fifth Edition
Pages: 632
Product dimensions: 7.37(w) x 9.12(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

PART I THE INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY Chapter 1 Taking a New Look at a Familiar World Sociology and the Individual The Insights of Sociology The Sociological Imagination Emile Durkheim: A Sociological View of Suicide Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Chapter 2 Seeing and Thinking Sociologically How Individuals Structure Society Social Influence: The Impact of Other People in Our Everyday Lives Stanley Milgram: Ordinary People and Cruel Acts Societal Influence: The Effect of Social Structure on Our Everyday Lives Statuses and Roles Groups Organizations Social Institutions Culture Micro-Macro Connection: Parental Rights Versus Children 's Welfare Social Structure in Global Context Three Perspectives on Social Order The Structural-Functionalist Perspective The Conflict Perspective Symbolic Interactionism Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Visual Essay: The Old Ball Game PART II THE CONSTRUCTION OF SELF AND SOCIETY Chapter 3 Building Reality: The Social Construction of Knowledge Understanding the Social Construction of Reality Laying the Foundation: The Bases of Reality Culture and Language Micro-Macro Connection: The Language of War Self-Fulfilling Prophecies Faith and Incorrigible Propositions Building the Walls: Conflict, Power, and Social Institutions Moral Entrepreneurs The Economics of Reality The Politics of Reality The Medium Is the Message Micro-Macro Connection: Missing From the News Appreciating Sociological Research The Nature of Social Research The Empirical and Probabilistic Aspects of Research Theories, Variables, and Hypotheses Modes of Research The Trustworthiness of Social Research Values, Interests, and Ethics in Social Research Laud Humphreys: The Tearoom Trade Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Visual Essay: Personal Billboards Chapter 4 Building Order: Culture and History Dimensions of Culture Material and Nonmaterial Culture Micro-Macro Connection: The Chair Global Culture Subcultures History: The "Archives" for Everyday Living Cultural Expectations and Social Order Micro-Macro Connection: The "Right" Emotions Social Institutions and Cultural Norms Norms and Sanctions In-Groups and Ethnocentrism Cultural Variation and Everyday Experience Health and Illness Sex Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Visual Essay: Funeral Rituals in the Netherlands Chapter 5 Building Identity: Socialization Social Structure and the Construction of Human Beings Socialization: Becoming Who We Are The Acquisition of Self Resocialization Spencer Cahill: The Professional Socialization of Funeral Directors The Self in Cultural Context Socialization and Stratification: Growing Up With Inequality Social Class Race and Ethnicity Gender Micro-Macro Connection: Girls' Toys and Boys' Toys Institutions and Socialization Education Religion Mass Media Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Visual Essay: Becoming a Mariner Chapter 6 Building Image: The Presentation of Self Forming Impressions of Others Social Group Membership Physical Appearance Micro-Macro Connection: Obesity Verbal and Nonverbal Expression Managing Impressions Micro-Macro Connection: Managing Identities on the Internet Dramaturgy: Actors on a Social Stage Peter Ubel: Elevator Talk Among Doctors and Nurses Social Influences on Impression Management Elijah Anderson: Streetwise Collective Impression Management Mismanaging Impressions: Spoiled Identities Embarrassment Remedies for Spoiled Identities Stigma Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Visual Essay: Looking Cool Chapter 7 Building Social Relationships: Intimacy and Families Life With Others Micro-Macro Connection: Virtual Communities in the Global Village Family Life Historical Trends in Family Life The Culture of Intimacy and Family Family and Social Structure Institutions Influencing Family Micro-Macro Connection: Dual-Earner Parents Gender Social Diversity and Family Life Mary Pattillo-Mc Coy: Privilege and Peril in Middle-Class Black Families Family Dilemmas Divorce Family Violence Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Visual Essay: Family Friendly Chapter 8 Constructing Difference: Social Deviance Defining Deviance Absolutist Definitions of Deviance Relativist Definitions of Deviance The Elements of Deviance Micro-Macro Connection: Sexual Abuse and the Clergy Explaining Why People Become Deviant Deterring Deviance Labeling Deviants Nancy Herman: Becoming an Ex-Crazy Linking Power and the Social Construction of Deviance The Criminalization of Deviance Christopher Uggen and Jeff Manza: Prisoners and Presidents The Medicalization of Deviance Micro-Macro Connection: Prozac and the Pharmaceutical Personality Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Visual Essay: Culture of Tramps PART III SOCIAL STRUCTURE, INSTITUTIONS, AND EVERYDAY LIFE Chapter 9 The Structure of Society: Organizations, Social Institutions, and Globalization Social Structure and Everyday Life Social Dilemmas: Individual Interests and Structural Needs The Tragedy of the Commons The Free-Rider Problem Solutions to Social Dilemmas The Structure of Organizations Bureaucracies: Playing by the Rules George Ritzer: The Mc Donaldization of Society The Hierarchical Makeup of Organizations The Creation of Organizational Reality Organizations and Institutions Organizational Networks Within Institutions Micro-Macro Connection: The U.S. Health Care System Institutional Pressures Toward Similarity Globalization and Social Institutions Communication Media Economics Barbara Garson: Money Makes the World Go 'Round Education Religion Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Visual Essay: The Trail of the Tomato Chapter 10 The Architecture of Stratification: Social Class and Inequality Stratification Systems Slavery Caste Systems Estate Systems Social Class Systems Micro-Macro Connection: Mass Media and Images of Social Class Sociological Perspectives on Stratification The Structural-Functionalist View of Stratification The Conflict View of Stratification Inequality in the United States How U.S. Society Is Stratified What Poverty Means in the United States Why Poverty Persists Micro-Macro Connection: Welfare Reform Global Development and Inequality The Global Economic Gap Explanations for Global Stratification Global Financial Organizations Multinational Corporations Micro-Macro Connection: The Global Tobacco Epidemic Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Visual Essay: Images of Social Class Chapter 11 The Architecture of Inequality: Race and Ethnicity Race and Ethnicity: More Than Just Biology Micro-Macro Connection: Politics and Multiracial Identity Oppression and Inequality: Stories Through the Years Native Americans Latino/as African Americans Asian Americans Racial and Ethnic Relations Personal Racism Claude Steele: Stereotypes and Educational Performance The Cultural Ideology of Racism Micro-Macro Connection: Racial Superiority and the Dominant Black Athlete Institutional Racism: Injustice Built into the System Micro-Macro Connection: Racial Profiling Global Perspectives on Racism Discrimination in Other Societies Ethnic Conflict Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Chapter 12 The Architecture of Inequality: Sex and Gender Sexism at the Personal Level Sexism and Social Interaction Laura Miller: Gender, Power, and Harassment in the Military Violence Against Women The Ideology of Sexism: Biology as Destiny Institutions and Sexual Inequality Sexism and the Media Sexism and the Law Sexism and Family Sexism and Education Sexism and the Economy The Global Devaluation of Women Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Chapter 13 The Global Dynamics of Population: Demographic Trends The Influence of Birth Cohorts Baby Boomers Generation X The Millennium Generation Demographic Dynamics Population Growth Age Structure Migration The Impact of Population Trends in the United States Immigration and the Changing Face of the United States Micro-Macro Connection: The Peculiar Politics of Immigration The "Graying" of the United States Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Visual Essay: Immigrant Nation Chapter 14 Architects of Change: Reconstructing Society Social Change The Speed of Social Change Causes of Social Change Social Movements Types of Social Movements The Development of a Social Movement Robert Bullard and Beverly Wright: The Environmental Justice Movement The Sociological Imagination Revisited Conclusion and Farewell YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS Visual Essay: Imagining Futures References Credits Glossary/Index

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