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The Commission of the European Communities and the State Science and Technology Com mission of the People's Republic of China agreed in spring 1987 to establish a Sino European biotechnology centre. One activity of the centre concerns the organisation of joint scientific workshops in the fields of agriculture and medicine. After a frrst workshop on medicine held in Shanghai in October 1987, the Sino-European Soil Science Workshop, held in Guangzhou from 26 April -I May 1988, was the second one, this time devoted to a particularly important aspect of agriculture -soil science. The South China Agricultural University on behalf of the Sino-European Biotechnol ogy Centre was responsible for the local organisation of the Workshop; the European con tributions were organised by the_Commission. Soil Science is of particular importance to China in view of the fact that only about 10% of the whole country is arable land. Careful soil conservation is therefore a subject of high priority. A solid knowledge and understanding of the characteristics and functioning of the soils is a pre-requisite for their conservation and the very broad European expertise in temperate as well as tropical and sub-tropical climatic zones could well contribute to the efforts of Chinese soil scientists to modernise their methodologies and classification. This contribution, however, could not be envisaged as a unilateral technical assistance. Indeed, the only promising way to come to a real contribution is through joint research involving Chinese as well as European scientists.
Table of Contents
Soil Classification, Genesis and Mapping.- Soil resources and their utilisation in China.- Pedogenesis of red earths (Acrisols) and yellow earths (Cambisols) in the central subtropical region of SE China.- Characteristics and utilisation of tropical latentes in China.- Geochemistry, mineralogy and microfabric of soils.- A study of soil formation and development of the Pearl River Delta.- Genesis, classification and mapping of alluvial soils.- Mangrove tidal saline soils in China.- Soil Physics and Chemistry Relating to Water Supply for Crops and Soil Erosion.- Research on soil erosion, erosion control and recommendations for South-East China.- Physical and hydrodynamic soil properties, methods and applications for land use.- Some physical and hydrological properties of alluvial soils and their suitability for different ecological land use types.- Water and solute movement in the soil and underground.- Physico-chemical properties of tropical soils and their practical implications.- Water and salinity management under sub-arid or Mediterranean conditions.- Maintaining, Reclaiming and Increasing Soil Fertility.- Monitoring, reclaiming and increasing soil fertility.- A study on soil testing and fertilisation recommendation for rice crop.- Analysis of the stability of the NPK effects on rice in Guangdong province.- Soil organic matter and soil fertility in tropical and sub-tropical environments.- Characteristics and management of the toxic soils in Guangdong province.- Microcomputers in research on the simulation of complex soil processes.- Lowland Agriculture.- Survey, reclamation and lowland agricultural management of acid sulphate soils.- The characteristics and improvement of gleyed paddy soils in waterlogged areas of Guangdong province.- Plant breeding and minimal input of Ca and Mg against Al-toxicity.- The formation, characterisation, amelioration and utilisation of gleyic paddy soils in China.- Development, agricultural conversion and environmental investigations of wet soils and peat.- List of Chinese Participants.- List of European Participants.