Solution-Focused RTI: A Positive and Personalized Approach to Response to Intervention

Solution-Focused RTI: A Positive and Personalized Approach to Response to Intervention

by Linda Metcalf


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A proven method for helping struggling students succeed

Solution-Focused RTI provides an effective approach to Response-to-Intervention using a "solution-focused" method, which emphasizes a student's strengths rather than his or her weaknesses. This important book guides educators to identify exceptions to students' learning problems and design personalized interventions that can help those students succeed. In this book Linda Metcalf provides teachers with the basic building blocks of the solution-focused approach and offers step-by-step guidelines for identifying exceptions, designing interventions, and implementing a three-tiered Response-to-Intervention process.

  • Shows how to implement RTI using the positive and personalized "solution-focused" method
  • Linda Metcalf is the author of seven books, including Counseling Toward Solutions, Second Edition
  • Offers an innovative, collaborative approach between teachers, students, and parents
  • Includes reproducible forms for teachers and students

This practical book helps teachers pinpoint research-based intervention strategies that work.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780470470428
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 06/08/2010
Pages: 224
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 11.00(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Linda Metcalf, M.Ed., Ph.D., a former classroom teacher and school counselor, is a professor and the director of School Counseling at Texas Wesleyan University. She is the author of seven books, including Counseling Toward Solutions, Second Edition from Jossey-Bass. Metcalf presents workshops on the solution-focused approach across the United States and internationally.

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Table of Contents

About This Book.

About the Author.

Also by Linda Metcalf.




1 Simple Addition: Doing Things Diff erently Adds Up to Change.

An Elementary Discovery.

Intermediate Revelation.

Raising the Bar and Rating the Middle School.

High School Miracle.

Turning Chaos into Compliments: A School Counselor Creates the Opportunity.

Education Unleashed!

New Focus, New Process, New Results.

Chapter Perspectives to Consider.

2 Famous People with Educational Challenges: Priceless Lessons for RTI.

Famous People Who Made It!

Strategies as Unique as Students’ Learning Differences: Discoveries That Work.

More Revelations.

Solution-Focused RTI and Diverse Populations.

Chapter Perspectives to Consider.

3 Who Says the Square Peg Must Fit?

Systemic Perspective: The Hierarchical Leader of the School Leads the Pack.

Classroom Perspective: Engaging Students in the Solution.

Community Perspective: Getting Parents on Board as Experts.

Solution-Focused RTI Applications.

Chapter Perspectives to Consider.

4 Guidelines for Solution-Focused RTI.

Put on a New Set of Lenses in Order to See Students Differently.

Suggestions for Beginning the Solution-Focused Approach to RTI.

Advertising Success: An Exercise.

Core Ideas in the Practice of Solution-Focused RTI.

Solution-Focused RTI at a Glance.

Chapter Perspectives to Consider.


5 Flipping the Coin in Education.

It's Your Call.

Conversation Template for Solution-Focused RTI.

How the Process Works.

Steps That Create a Solution-Focused Direction.

Flipping the Coin: A 504 Meeting.

504 Conversation for Success.

504 Meeting Summary for Teachers—Sample.

504 Meeting Summary for Teachers.

Chapter Perspectives to Consider.

6 Parent Conferences That Collaborate Instead of Intimidate: Level A.

Focus on Solutions: Level A Conversation.

Solution-Focused RTI Conversation: Level A.

Exception Findings: Level A.

Follow Up After Three Weeks.

Chapter Perspectives to Consider.

7 The Team Approach in Solution-Focused RTI: Level B.

Focus on Solutions: Level B Conversation.

Exception Observations: Level B.

Solution-Focused RTI Conversation: Level B.

Exception Findings: Level B.

More Than a Meeting.

Case Example: Leticia.

Chapter Perspectives to Consider.


8 The Solution-Focused Assessment: Seeking Strengths and Abilities at Level C.

Focus on What Works.

Exception Observations: Level C.

Make the Findings Exceptional.

Solution-Focused RTI Conversation: Level C.

A Solution-Focused IEP.

Exception Findings: Level C.

Solution-Focused Individualized Education Plan (IEP).

Chapter Perspectives to Consider.

9 The Exceptional Elementary School (Sarah Switzer).

Tier I.

Student Survey.

Tier I in Action.

Tier II.

Learning Feedback.

Tier II In Action.

Tier III.

Tier III in Action.

RTI Documentation: Tier I Intervention.

RTI Documentation: Tier II Intervention.

RTI Documentation: Tier III Intervention.

Chapter Perspectives to Consider.

10 Intermediate School Solutions: Steps to the Future (Patti Gatlin).

Invisible Problems at Work.

Transition Years.

The School Counselor and Tier I.

Tier II Counseling Interventions in RTI.

Tier III Interventions.

The Role of Refl ection in Solution-Focused RTI.


Chapter Perspectives to Consider.

11 Opening the Door to Possibilities in High School (Cassie Reid).

The Possibility Door Can Be Heavy.

So Open a Familiar Door.

Everyone Is Reachable and Teachable.

A Different Kind of Data.

Underdogs Get the Bone.

Where Is the Key? Tier.

Sometimes Opportunity’s Door Has a Couple of Locks: Tier II.

Stop, Think, and Dream About a Miracle.

Keeping the Door Open to Opportunity.

Chapter Perspectives to Consider.

12 Getting Buy-In.

Risk New Ways of Relating for Better Results.

Start at the Top.

Start with a Miracle by Asking for One.

More Exercises to Create Buy-In.

Proceed to Level A, B, and C.

Stay Focused on Implementation.

Buy-In Exercise: The Miracle School.

The eBay Exercise.

How to Focus Your Conversation on Solutions.

Solution-Focused RTI at a Glance.

Chapter Perspectives to Consider.


Appendix A: Reproducible Forms to Help with the RTI Process.

Appendix B: Internet Resources.



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