Solvent Microextraction: Theory and Practice / Edition 1 available in Hardcover
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This book offers both a practical as well a theoretical approach to Solvent Microextraction (SME) and will help analytical chemists to evaluate SME for a given sample preparation. Introductory chapters overview a comparison of SME with other sample preparation methods, a summary of the technical aspects, and a detailed theoretical treatment of SME. The book then describes the practical aspects of the technique, with detailed “how to” chapters devoted to the preparation and analysis of atmospheric, solid and liquid environmental, clinical and industrial samples. This text will serve as both a handy laboratory desk-reference and an indispensible instructional tool.
|Product dimensions:||6.30(w) x 9.40(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
JOHN M. KOKOSA, retired Professor of Chemistry at KetteringUniversity, Flint, Michigan, conducts research in solventmicroextraction, is an industrial consultant, and is an AdjunctProfessor of Chemistry at Mott Community College in Flint. He wasamong the first scientists to explore headspace-solventmicroextraction, chaired an invited symposium on solventmicroextraction at PittCon 2006, and holds the U.S. patent for theautomation of SME sampling. He is the author of numerous refereedpublications and presentations and has authored a laboratory manualfor freshmen organic chemistry and a commercial FTIR database forThermo Nicolet instruments.
ANDRZEJ PRZYJAZNY is a Professor of Chemistry atKettering University, Flint, Michigan. He has an MS and DSc inchemistry from the Gdansk University of Technology (Poland)and a PhD in chemistry from Southern Illinois University atCarbondale. Dr. Przyjazny specializes in analytical chemistry oforganic environmental pollutants and has published over fiftypapers in refereed journals on this subject. He was one of thefirst scientists to explore headspace-solvent microextraction.
MICHAEL A. JEANNOT worked directly on the originaldevelopment of drop-based SME at the University of Alberta, and hascontinued research in this area during his tenure at St. CloudState University. He has coauthored five SME articles with atheoretical focus for Analytical Chemistry and theJournal of Chromatography A.
Table of Contents
1 SOLVENT MICROEXTRACTION: COMPARISON WITH OTHER POPULARSAMPLE PREPARATION METHODS.
1.2 Comparison of Sample Preparation Methods.
2 BASIC MODES OF OPERATION FOR SOLVENTMICROEXTRACTION.
2.1 Basic Principles of SME.
2.2 Extraction Modes.
3 THEORY OF SOLVENT MICROEXTRACTION.
3.4 Calibration Methods.
4 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR USING SOLVENTMICROEXTRACTION.
4.2 General Recommendations.
4.3 General Questions to Consider Before Performing anAnalysis.
4.4 Choosing the SME Mode.
4.5 Extraction Solvent.
4.6 Sample Volumes.
4.7 Syringe and Microdrop.
4.8 Chromatography and Detector Requirements.
4.9 Additional Extraction Parameters.
4.10 Calculation Examples for SDME.
4.11 Calculation Examples for DLLME and HFME.
4.12 Calculation Examples for the Effect of Ionic Strength onSDME.
4.13 Calculation Examples for HS-SDME.
4.14 Calculation Examples for the Effect of Ionic Strength onHS-SDME.
4.15 Calculation Examples for Static Headspace Extraction.
4.16 Calculation Examples for Solvent Solubility.
5 METHOD DEVELOPMENT IN SOLVENT MICROEXTRACTION.
5.2 Extraction Mode Selection.
5.3 Static vs. Dynamic Extraction.
5.4 Selection of Manual vs. Automated Extraction.
5.5 Selection of Direct vs. Derivatization SME.
5.6 Extraction Solvent Selection.
5.7 Selection of Final Determination Method.
5.8 Selection of Extraction Optimization Method.
5.9 Optimization of Extraction Conditions.
6.2 Gaseous Samples.
6.3 Liquid Samples.
6.4 Solid Samples.
6.5 Environmental Applications of SME.
6.6 Clinical and Forensic Applications of SME.
6.7 Application of SME in Food and Beverage Analysis.
6.8 Application of SME in the Analysis of Plant Material.
6.9 Application of SME in the Analysis of Consumer Products andPharmaceuticals.
6.10 Outlook for Future Analytical Applications of SME.
6.11 Physicochemical Applications of SME.
7 SME EXPERIMENTS.
7.2 Recommended Experimental Conditions.
7.3 Determination of Gasoline Diluents in Motor Oil byHS-SDME.
7.4 Determination of BTEX in Water by HS-SDME.
7.5 Analysis of Halogenated Disinfection By-Products by SDME andHS-SDME.
7.6 Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds by SDME andHS-SDME.
7.7 Analysis of Residual Solvents in Drug Products byHS-SDME.
7.8 Arson Accelerant Analyses by HS-SDME.
7.9 Analysis of PAHs by SDME.
7.10 Determination of Acetone in Aqueous Solutions byDerivatization HS-SDME.
7.11 Determination of Pesticides in Soil by HF(2)ME.
7.12 Determination of PAHs and HOCs by DLLME.
7.13 Dynamic Headspace and Direct Immersion Extractions(DY-SME).
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS.
APPENDIX SME MODES: CLASSIFICATION AND GLOSSARY.