This book contains the papers presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Scientific Aspects of Sorption and Filtration Methods for Gas and Water Purification". The Study Institute was held at Fauske Hotel, Fauske, a small town in the northern part of Norway, 2)rd-29th June, 1974. The members of the Scien tific Advisory Committee were: The Engineering Research Foundation at T. Halm¢ the Norwegian Institute of Technology, Trondheim, Norway W.H. Hardwick AERE, Harwell, Didcot, Berks., U.K. B. Ottar Norwegian Institute of Air Research, Kjeller, Norway J .A. Wilhelm Karlsruhe Nuclear Research Center, Karlsruhe, Germany R. Berg Institutt for Atomenergi, Kjeller, Norway The members of the Organizing Committee were: E. Andersen M. Bonnevie-Svendsen G. Jarrett all from Institutt for Atomenergi, Kjeller, Norway. The Advanced Study Institute was financially sponsored by the NATO Scientific Affairs Division. The aim of the Study Institute was to bring together scien tists concerned with fundamental aspects of sorption, solid state physics and reaction kinetics and workers who are occupied with the development of filter systems for controlled and efficient removal of impurities and poisons from air, off-gases, potable water and industrial effluents. The papers presented covered both theoretical and practical aspects of sorption and membrane filtration. The emphasis was on factors which may effect the filter efficiency, on evaluation, optimalization, controlled development of "tailor made" systems, mathematical models and VI economical consideration. The publication of these lectures was made possible through the kind cooperation of the lecturers.
Table of ContentsThe Scope of the NATO Advanced Study Institute.- The Use of Adsorptive Filters in Air Purification.- Purification of Water and Effluents by Adsorption.- The Principles of Pressure-Driven Membrane Filtration Processes (Reverse Osmosis and Ultrafiltration).- Membranes-Formation, Structure and Mechanism of Operation.- The Performance of Membranes Test Methods and Results.- Sorption Mechanisms.- Adsorption on Activated Carbon.- General Scope of Zeolite Properties.- Study of Zeolite at the Laboratory.- Impregnated Adsorbents.- Measurement of Fundamental Surface Properties: Multiple Internal Reflectance Spectroscopy.- Determination of Parameters Important in Dynamic Adsorption.- Empirical Tests and Chemical Analyses for the Classification and Quality Control of Commercial Sorbents.- Modeling, Pilot Tests, and Control Techniques: Numeric Method for Prediction and Design.- CDE Non-Destructive Test.- Tests for the Performance of Filters Used in Protection against Toxic Gases.- Thermal Activation.- Thermal Regeneration.- Chemical Regeneration.- Miscellaneous Reactivation Methods.- The Design of a Self Decontaminating Adsorbent.- Respiratory Protection against Hydrogen Cyanide.- Purification of Industrial Effluents with Activated Carbon.- Purification of Industrial Effluents with Activated Carbon.- The Elimination of Toxic Organic Compounds from Water by Absorption on Activated Carbon.- The Application of Reverse Osmosis and Ultrafiltration to the Purification and Treatment of Natural Waters and Effluents.- Treatment of Radioactive Waste Solutions.- Industrial Off-Gas Purification with Activated Carbon and Inorganic Sorbents.- Protection against Toxic Vapours.- Technical Application of Sorption in the Nuclear Field.- List of Participants.