A Source Book in the History of Psychology

A Source Book in the History of Psychology

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Overview

This is a source book unique in its scope, clarity, and general interest. Its 116 excerpts range in time from Epicurus (ca. 300 B.C.) to the turn of the twentieth century and sometimes, when continuity requires, a little beyond (as to K. S. Lashley, 1929). It includes excerpts from Kepler (1604) on the inverted retinal image, Descartes (1650) on the soul's interaction with the machine of the body, Newton (1675) on the seven colors of the spectrum, Locke (1700) on association of ideas, Whytt (1751) on the spinal reflex, Weber (1834) on Weber's law, Darwin (1859) on evolution, Sechenov (1863) on reflexology, Hughlings Jackson (1884) on nervous dissolution, William James (1890) on associationism, Thorndike, Pavlov, Wertheimer, Watson, and 70 other great figures in the history of psychology.

Arranged by topic rather than in the usual strict chronological order, each of the first fourteen chapters traces the development of one important subject in experimental and quantitative psychology. The final chapter discusses the history of thinking about the nature of psychology itself. The editors provide an introduction to each chapter and each excerpt, indicating the significance of the content to follow and establishing historical continuity.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674824102
Publisher: Harvard
Publication date: 01/01/1965
Series: Source Books in the History of the Sciences , #7
Edition description: Reissue
Pages: 658
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 4.05(d)

About the Author

Richard J. Herrnstein was Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology at Harvard University.

Edwin G. Boring was Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, at Harvard University.

Table of Contents


    PART I: SENSORY SPECIFICATION
  1. Aristotle on the Five Senses, ca. 350 BCE
  2. Isaac Newton on the Seven Colors of the Spectrum, 1675
  3. Isaac Newton on the Color Circle, 1704
  4. Thomas Young on Newton and the Excitation of the Retina by Colors, 1802
  5. John Locke on Primary and Secondary Qualities, 1690
  6. Charles Bell on Spinal Nerve Roots, 1811
  7. François Magendie on Spinal Nerve Roots, 1822
  8. Charles Bell on the Specificity of Sensory Nerves, 1811
  9. Johannes Muffler on the Specific Energies of Nerves, 1838
  10. Ernst Heinrich Weber on the Sense of Touch and Common Sensibility, 1846
  11. Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz on the Three-Color Theory of Vision and Visual Specific Nerve Energies, 1860
  12. Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz on the Resonance Theory of Hearing and Auditory Specific Nerve Energies, 1863
  13. Max von Frey on the Four Cutaneous Senses, 1904
  14. Edward Bradford Titchener on the Number of Sensory Elements, 1896

  15. PART II: PSYCHOPHYSICS AND SENSORY MEASUREMENT
  16. Pierre Bouguer on the Differential Threshold for Illumination, 1760
  17. Charles Eduard Joseph Delezenne on the Differential Threshold for the Pitch of Tones, 1827
  18. Ernst Heinrich Weber on Weber's Law, 1834
  19. Gustav Theodor Fechner on Fechner's Law, 1860
  20. Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau on the Measurement of Sensation, 1872
  21. Joseph Rémi Leopold Delboeuf on Sensed Contrast as the Measure of Sensation, 1883
  22. Edward Bradford Titchener on the Sense Distance as the Measure of Sensation, 1905

  23. PART III: THE RETINAL IMAGE AND THE ORIENTATION OF PERCEIVED OBJECTS
  24. Epicurus on Perception of Objects as Mediated by the Images that Emanate from the Objects, ca. 300 BCE
  25. Johannes Kepler on the Crystalline Humor as a Lens and the Inversion of the Retinal Image, 1604
  26. William Molyneux on the Inverted Retinal Image, 1692
  27. Johannes Miller on Subjective Visual Size and Position in Relation to the Retinal Image, 1826
  28. George Malcolm Stratton on Visual Localization and the Inversion of the Retinal Image, 1897

  29. PART IV: THE VISUAL PERCEPTION OF SIZE AND DISTANCE
  30. René Descartes on the Visual Perception of Size, Shape, and Distance, 1638
  31. George Berkeley on the Visual Perception of Distance and Magnitude, 1709
  32. Charles Wheatstone on Binocular Parallax and the Stereoscopic Perception of Depth, 1838

  33. PART V: NATIVISTIC AND EMPIRISTIC THEORIES OF SPACE PERCEPTION
  34. Immanuel Kant on the A Priori Nature of Space, 1781
  35. Rudolf Hermann Lotze on Local Signs in Their Relation to the Perception of Space, 1852
  36. Ernst Heinrich Weber on Sensory Circles and Cutaneous Space Perception, 1852
  37. Ewald Hering on the Nativistic Theory of Visual Space Perception, 1864
  38. Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz on Empiricism in Perception, 1866
  39. Max Wertheimer on the Phi Phenomenon as an Example of Nativism in Perception, 1912

  40. PART VI: OBJECTIVE REFERENCE
  41. George Berkeley on the Role of Association in the Objective Reference of Perception, 1709
  42. Thomas Reid on the Distinction between Sensation and Perception, 1785
  43. Thomas Brown on Sensation, Perception, and the Associative Explanation of Objective Reference, 1820
  44. John Stuart Mill on the Permanent Possibilities of Sensation, 1865
  45. Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz on Perception and the Unconscious Conclusion, 1866
  46. Edward Bradford Titchener on the Context Theory of Meaning, 1910
  47. Edwin Bissell Holt on Response as the Essence of Cognition, 1915
  48. Max Wertheimer on Objects as Immediately Given to Consciousness, 1923

  49. PART VII: CEREBRAL LOCALIZATION
  50. René Descartes on the Interaction of Mind and Brain, 1650
  51. Franz Joseph Gall on Phrenology, the Localization of the Functions of the Brain, 1825
  52. Pierre Jean Marie Flourens on the Functions of the Brain, 1824
  53. Paul Broca on the Speech Center, 1861
  54. Gustav Fritsch and Eduard Hitzig on Cerebral Motor Centers, 1870
  55. John Hughlings Jackson on Dissolution of the Nervous System, 1884
  56. Shepherd Ivory Franz on the Variability of the Motor Centers, 1915
  57. Karl Spencer Lash!ey on Cerebral Equipotentiality and Mass Action, 1929
  58. Henry Head on Vigilance, 1926

  59. PART VIII: PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL ISOMORPHISM
  60. Ewald Hering: Anticipation of Psychophysiolgical Isomorphism, 1878
  61. Georg Elias Muller on the Psychophysical Axioms, 1896
  62. Max Wertheimer on the Isomorphic Relation between Seen Movement and Cortical Short Circuit, 1912
  63. Wolfgang Kohler on Isomorphism, 1920

  64. PART IX: THE REFLEX
  65. René Descartes on Mechanism in Human Action, 1662
  66. Julien Offray de la Mettrie on the Extension of Mechanism to the Human Soul, 1748
  67. David Hart!ey on Voluntary and Involuntary Action, 1749
  68. Robert Whytt on Empirical Reflexology, 1751
  69. George Prochaska on the Nervous System, 1784
  70. Marshall Hall on the Spinal Nervous System, 1843, 1850
  71. Ivan Miehailovieh Seehenov on Reflexology and Psychology, 1863
  72. John Dewey against Reflexology, 1896

  73. PART X: ASSOCIATION
  74. Aristotle on the Associative Nature of Memory, ca. 350 BCE
  75. Thomas Hobbes on the Train of Thought, 1651
  76. John Locke on Disorders of the Mind, 1700
  77. George Berkeley on Arbitrary Connections among Ideas, 1733
  78. David Hume on a Psychological Analogue of Gravitation, 1739
  79. David Hartley on Association: Successive and Simultaneous, Simple and Complex, 1749
  80. Thomas Brown on the Secondary Laws of Association, 1820
  81. James Mill on Mental Mechanics, 1829
  82. John Stuart Mill on Mental Chemistry, 1843
  83. Herbert Spencer on Intelligence, 1855
  84. William James on the Limitations of Associationism, 1890
  85. Wilhelm Wundt on Psychological Analysis and Creative Synthesis, 1896

  86. PART XI: EVOLUTION AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
  87. Charles Robert Darwin on the Theory of Evolution, 1859
  88. Francis Galton on the Inheritance of Intelligence, 1869
  89. Francis Galton on Mental Capacity, 1883
  90. James McKeen Cattell on Mental Tests, 1890
  91. Alfred Binet and Victor Henri on the Psychology of Individual Differences, 1895
  92. Hermann Ebbinghaus on the Completion Test, 1897
  93. Stella Emily Sharp on a Test of Mental Testing, 1899
  94. Clark Wissler on the Inadequacy of Mental Tests, 1901
  95. Charles Edward Spearman on General Intelligence, 1904
  96. William Stern on the Mental Quotient, 1912

  97. PART XII: COMPARATIVE PSYCHOLOGY
  98. George John Romanes on Comparative Psychology, 1882
  99. Conwy Lloyd Morgan on Lloyd Morgan's Canon, 1894
  100. Jacques Loeb on Associative Memory, 1899
  101. Herbert Spencer Jennings on the Continuity of Psychological Processes, 1906

  102. PART XIII: FUNCTIONALISM
  103. William James on the Function of Consciousness, 1890
  104. James Mark Baldwin on the Psychology of Children, 1895
  105. James Rowland Angell on Functionalism, 1906
  106. John Broadus Watson on Behaviorism, 1913

  107. PART XIV: LEARNING
  108. Hermann Ebbinghaus on the Learning of Nonsense Syllables, 1995
  109. Mary Whiton Calkins on the Learning of Paired Associates, 1896
  110. Edward Lee Thorndike on Animal Learning, 1898
  111. Robert Mearns Yerkes on the Intelligence of the Turtle, 1901
  112. Willard Stanton Small on the Maze, 1901
  113. Edward Lee Thorndike and Robert Sessions Woodworth on Transfer of Training, 1901
  114. Ivan Petrovich Pavlov on Conditioned Reflexes, 1904
  115. Wolfgang Kohler on the Insight of Apes, 1917

  116. PART XV:

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