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Cengage Learning
Sources of the Western Tradition: From the Ancient Times to the Enlightenment, Volume 1 / Edition 5

Sources of the Western Tradition: From the Ancient Times to the Enlightenment, Volume 1 / Edition 5


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780618162277
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 05/15/2002
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 464
Product dimensions: 7.58(w) x 9.08(h) x 0.72(d)
Age Range: 11 - 17 Years

About the Author

Marvin Perry, now retired, taught history at Baruch College, City University of New York. He has published several successful Cengage Learning texts, including WESTERN CIVILIZATION: IDEAS, POLITICS, AND SOCIETY (senior author and general editor); WESTERN CIVILIZATION: A BRIEF HISTORY; the leading Western Civilization reader, SOURCES OF THE WESTERN TRADITION; AN INTELLECTUAL HISTORY OF MODERN EUROPE; SOURCES OF EUROPEAN HISTORY SINCE 1900 (senior editor); HUMANITIES IN THE WESTERN TRADITION (senior author and general editor); and WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: A CONCISE HISTORY. His scholarly work includes ARNOLD TOYNBEE AND THE WESTERN TRADITION (1996); coauthor of ANTISEMITISM: MYTH AND HATE FROM ANTIQUITY TO THE PRESENT (2002); coeditor of ANTISEMITIC MYTHS: A HISTORICAL AND CONTEMPORARY ANTHOLOGY (2008); and coeditor of THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF ISLAMIC TERRORISM: AN ANTHOLOGY (2008). Dr. Perry's scholarly work focuses on the history of ideas.

Table of Contents

I. The Ancient World 1. The Near East 1. Mesopotamian Protest Against Death. Epic of Gilgamesh 2. A Pessimistic View of Life. Mesopotamian Wisdom Literature 3. Mesopotamian Concepts of Justice. Code of Hammurabi 4. Divine Kingship in Egypt. Hymns to the Pharaohs; Guidelines for the Ruler 5. Religious Inspiration of Akhenaten. Hymn to Aton 6. Love, Passion, and Misogyny in Ancient Egypt. Love Poetry;The Instruction of Ankhsheshonq 7. Empire Builders. The Assyrian Empire: Inscription of Tiglathpileser I;The Persian Empire: Inscriptions of Cyrus and Darius I 8. The Myth-making Outlook of the Ancient Near East. Personification of Natural Objects; Lament for Ur: The Gods and Human Destiny 2. The Hebrews 1. Hebrew Cosmogony and Anthropology. Genesis 2. Human Sinfulness. Genesis: The Origins of Sin; Jeremiah: Sin and Suffering; Job: The Problem of Undeserved Suffering 3. The Covenant and the Ten Commandments. Exodus: The Covenant; Exodus: The Ten Commandments 4. Humaneness of Hebrew Law. Leviticus: Neighbor and Community; Deuteronomy: Judges, Witnesses, and Justice 5. The Age of Classical Prophecy. Amos and Isaiah: Social Justice; Isaiah: Peace and Humanity 3. The Greeks 1. Homer: The Educator of Greece. Homer: The Iliad 2. Early Greek Philosophy: The Emancipation of Thought from Myth. Aristotle: Thales of Miletus; Anaximander; Aristotle: Pythagoras 3. The Expansion of Reason. Hippocrates: The Sacred Disease: The Separation of Medicine from Myth; Thucydides: Method of Historical Inquiry; Critias: Religion as a Human Invention 4. Humanism. Pindar: The Pursuit of Excellence; Sophocles: Lauding Human Talents 5. Greek Drama. Sophocles: Antigone; Aeschylus: The Persians 6. Athenian Greatness. Diodorous Sicilus: "The Grecians...Gained an Everlasting Renown"; Thucydides: The Funeral Oration of Pericles 7. The Status of Women in Classical Greek Society. Euripides: Medea; Aristophanes: Lysistrata 8. Socrates: The Rational Individual. Plato: The Apology 9. Plato: The Philosopher-King. Plato: The Republic 10. Aristotle: Science, Politics, and Ethics. Aristotle: History of Animals, Politics, and Nicomachean Ethics 11. Hellenistic Culture: Universalism and Individualism. Plutarch: Cultural Fusion; Epicurus: Self-Sufficiency 12. Greek Culture and the Jews in the Hellenistic Age. First Book of Maccabees: Jewish Resistance to Forced Hellenization; Philo of Alexandria: Appreciation of Greek Culture and Synthesis of Reason and Revelation 4. The Roman Republic 1. Rome's March to World Empire. Polybius: The Roman Army; Livy: The Second Punic War: The Threat from Hannibal; Appian of Alexandria: The Third Punic War: The Destruction of Carthage 2. The Spread of Greek Philosophy to Rome. Lucretius: Denunciation of Religion; Cicero: Advocate of Stoicism; Cato the Elder: Hostility to Greek Philosophy 3. Roman Slavery. Diodorus Siculus: Slaves: Torment and Revolt 4. Women in Republican Society. Livy: Cato Protests Against the Demands of Roman Women; Quintus Lucretius Vespillo: A Funeral Eulogy for a Roman Wife 5. The Decline of the Republic. Plutarch: Tiberius Gracchus; Cicero: Justifying Caesar's Assassination; Sallust: Moral Deterioration 5. The Roman Empire 1. The Imperial Office. Augustus: The Achievements of the Divine Augustus; Tacitus: The Imposition of One-Man Rule 2. Imperial Culture. Virgil: The Aeneid; Juvenal: The Satires 3. Roman Stoicism. Seneca: The Moral Epistles; Marcus Aurelius: Meditations 4. Roman Law. Justinian: Corpus Iurius Civilis 5. Provincial Administration. Correspondence Between Pliny the Younger and Emperor Trajan 6. The Roman Peace. Aelius Aristides: The Roman Oration: The Blessings of the Pax Romana; Josephus: The Jewish War: "In Battle Nothing Is Done without Plan"; Tacitus: The Other Side of the Pax Romana 7. Third-Century Crisis. Dio Cassius: Caracalla's Extortions; Petition to Emperor Philip; Herodian: Extortions of Maximinus 8. The Demise of Rome. Ammianus Marcellinus: The Battle of Adrianople; Salvian: Political and Social Injustice; Jerome: The Fate of Rome; Pope Gregory I: The End of Roman Glory 6. Early Christianity 1. The Teachings of Jesus. The Gospel According to Saint Mark; The Gospel According to Saint Matthew 2. Saint Paul's View of Jesus, His Mission, and His Teaching. The Letter of Paul to the Ephesians; The First Letter of Paul to the Corinthians 3. Christianity and Greco-Roman Learning. Tertullian: What Has Jerusalem to Do with Athens?; Clement of Alexandria: In Defense of Greek Learning 4. The Persecutions. Persecutions at Lyons and Vienne 5. Monastic Life. Saint Jerome: The Agony of Solitude in the Desert; Cassian of Marseilles: On the Dangers and Fruits of Solitude; Saint Benedict of Nursia: The Benedictine Rule 6. Christianity and Society. Clement of Alexandria: Christ the Educator; Saint Benedict of Nursia: The Christian Way of Life; Lactantius: Acquisitiveness As the Source of Evil 7. Christian Demonization of Jews. Saint John Chrysostom: Discourses Against Judaizing Christians 8. The Christian World-View. Saint Augustine: The City of God II. The Middle Ages 7. The Early Middle Ages 1. The Byzantine Cultural Achievement. Theophylact Simocattes: The Value of Reason and History; Procopius: The Building of Saint Sophia 2. Islam. Muhammed: The Koran 3. Islam and Greek Learning. Avicenna: Love and Learning 4. Converting the Germanic Peoples to Christianity. Saint Boniface: Sacred Mission to Germany; Einhard: Forcible Conversion Under Charlemagne 5. The Transmission of Learning. Cassiodorus: The Monk as Scribe 6. The Carolingian Renaissance. Einhard: Charlemagne's Appreciation of Learning; Charlemagne: An Injunction to Monasteries to Cultivate Letters 7. The Feudal Lord: Vassal and Warrior. Galbert of Bruges: Commendation and the Oath of Fealty; Fulbert, Bishop of Chartres: Obligations of Lords and Vassals; Bertran de Born: In Praise of Combat 8. The High and Late Middle Ages 1. The Revival of Trade and the Growth of Towns. How to Succeed in Business; Ordinances of the Guild Merchant of Southampton 2. Theological Basis for Papal Power. Pope Gregory VII: The Second Letter to Bishop Herman of Metz and the Dictatus Papae 3. The First Crusade. Robert the Monk: Appeal of Urban II to the Franks; William of Tyre: The Capture of Jerusalem 4. Religious Dissent. Bernard Gui: The Waldensian Teachings; Emperor Frederick II: Heretics: Enemies of God and Humanity 5. Medieval Learning: Synthesis of Reason and Christian Faith. Peter Abelard: Inquiry into Divergent Views of Church Fathers; Saint Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologica 6. Medieval Universities. John of Salisbury: On the Liberal Arts; Geoffrey Chaucer: An Oxford Cleric; Student Letters; A Wandering Scholar: "In the Tavern Let Me Die" 7. Jews in the Middle Ages. Albert of Aix-la-Chapelle: Massacre of the Jews of Mainz; A Decree by Pope Innocent III; The Libel of Ritual Murder; Maimonides: Jewish Learning 8. Troubadour Love Songs. Love as Joyous, Painful, Humorous 9. The Status of Women in Medieval Society. Jacopone da Todi: Praise of the Virgin Mary "O Thou Mother, Fount of Love"; Christine de Pisan: The City of Ladies; A Merchant of Paris: On Love and Marriage 10. Medieval Contributions to the Tradition of Liberty. John of Salisbury: Policraticus: A Defense of Tyrannicide; Magna Carta 11. The Fourteenth Century: An Age of Adversity. Jean de Venette: The Black Death; Sir John Froissart: The Peasant Revolt of 1381; Marsilius of Padua: Attack on the Worldly Power of the Church 12. The Medieval World-View. Lothario dei Segni (Pope Innocent III): On the Misery of the Human Condition; The Vanity of This World; Dante Alighieri: The Divine Comedy III. Early Modern Europe 9. The Renaissance 1. The Humanists' Fascination with Antiquity. Petrarch: The Father of Humanism; Leonardo Bruni: Study of Greek Literature and A Humanist Educational Program; Petrus Paulus Vergerius: The Importance of Liberal Studies 2. Human Dignity. Pico della Mirandola: Oration on the Dignity of Man 3. Break with Medieval Political Theory. Niccolò Machiavelli: The Prince 4. Renaissance Art. Leonardo da Vinci: Art and Science 5. The Spread of the Renaissance. François Rabelais: Celebration of the Worldly Life; William Shakespeare: Human Nature and the Human Condition 10. The Reformation 1. A Catholic Critic of the Church. Desiderius Erasmus: In Praise of Folly 2. The Lutheran Reformation. Martin Luther: On Papal Power, Justification by Faith, the Interpretation of the Bible, and The Nature of the Clergy 3. The German Peasants' Revolt. The Twelve Articles; Martin Luther: Against the Peasants 4. Luther and the Jews. Martin Luther: On the Jews and Their Lies 5. The Calvinist Reformation. John Calvin: The Institutes, Ecclesiastical Ordinances, and The Obedience Owed Rulers 6. The Catholic Response to Protestantism. Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent; Saint Ignatius Loyola: The Spiritual Exercises 11. Early Modern Society and Politics 1. The Age of Exploration and Conquest. Bernal Diaz del Castillo: The Discovery and Conquest of Mexico 2. Toward the Modern Economy: The Example of Holland. William Carr: The Dutch East India Company 3. The Jews of Spain and Portugal: Expulsion, Forced Conversion, Inquisition. Proceedings of the Spanish Inquisition: The Torture of Elvira del Campo; Damião de Gois: The Forced Conversion of Portuguese Jews 4. The Atlantic Slave Trade. Seventeenth-Century Slave Traders: Buying and Transporting Africans; John Newton: Thoughts upon the African Slave Trade; Malachy Postlethwayt: Slavery Defended; Olaudah Equiano: Memoirs of a Former Slave 5. The Witch Craze. Jakob Sprenger and Heinrich Krämer: The Hammer of Witches; Johannes Junius: A Confession of Witchcraft Explained; Nicholas Malebranche: Search after Truth 6. The Court of Louis XIV. Duc de Saint-Simon: An Assessment of Louis XIV; Liselotte von der Pfalz (Elizabeth Charlotte d'Orleans): A Sketch of Court Life 7. Justification of Absolute Monarchy by Divine Right. Bishop Jaques-Benigne Bossuet: Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture; James I: True Law of Free Monarchies and A Speech to Parliament 8. A Secular Defense of Absolutism. Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan 9. The Triumph of Constitutional Monarchy in England: The Glorious Revolution. The English Declaration of Rights 12. The Scientific Revolution 1. The Copernican Revolution. Nicolaus Copernicus: On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres; Cardinal Bellarmine: Attack on the Copernican Theory 2. Expanding the New Astronomy. Galileo Galilei: The Starry Messenger 3. Critique of Authority. Galileo Galilei: Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina and Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems--Ptolemaic and Copernican 4. Prophet of Modern Science. Francis Bacon: Attack on Authority and Advocacy of Experimental Science 5. The Autonomy of the Mind. Rene Descartes: Discourse on Method 6. The Mechanical Universe. Isaac Newton: Principia Mathematica 13. The Enlightenment 1. The Enlightenment Outlook. Immanuel Kant: What Is Enlightenment? 2. Political Liberty. John Locke: Second Treatise on Government; Thomas Jefferson: Declaration of Independence 3. Attack on the Old Regime. Voltaire: A Plea for Tolerance and Reason 4. Attack on Religion. Thomas Paine: The Age of Reason; Baron d'Holbach: Good Sense 5. Epistemology and Education. John Locke: Essay Concerning Human Understanding; John Locke: Some Thoughts Concerning Education; Claude Helvetius: Essays on the Mind and A Treatise on Man; Jean Jacques Rousseau: Émile 6. Compendium of Knowledge. Denis Diderot: Encyclopedia 7. Rousseau: Political Reform. Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract 8. Judicial and Penal Reform. Caesare Beccaria: On Crime and Punishments; John Howard: Prisons in England and Wales 9. Questioning European Values. Denis Diderot: Supplement to the Voyage of Bouganville 10. Slavery Condemned. Denis Diderot: Encyclopedia "Men and Their Liberty Are Not Objects of Commerce"; Marquis de Condorcet: The Evils of Slavery; John Wesley: Thoughts upon Slavery 11. On the Progress of Humanity. Marquis de Condorcet: Progress of the Human Mind

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