ISBN-10:
9027701105
ISBN-13:
9789027701107
Pub. Date:
07/31/1968
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Space Clinical Medicine: A Prospective Look at Medical Problems from Hazards of Space Operations / Edition 1

Space Clinical Medicine: A Prospective Look at Medical Problems from Hazards of Space Operations / Edition 1

by D.E. Busby

Hardcover

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789027701107
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 07/31/1968
Edition description: 1968
Pages: 276
Product dimensions: 7.01(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

1. Acute Hypoxia.- A. Clinical Events in Acute Hypoxia.- B. Resuscitation.- C. The ‘Oxygen Paradox’.- D. Posthypoxic Cerebral Edema.- 1. Pathophysiology.- 2. Clinical Manifestations.- 3. Diagnosis.- 4. Treatment.- E. Delayed Posthypoxic Encephalopathy.- 2. Ebullism Syndrome.- A. Pathophysiology.- B. Clinical Manifestations.- C. Diagnosis.- D. Treatment.- 3. ‘Explosive’ Decompression Injuries.- A. Internally Inflicted Injuries.- 1. Pathophysiology.- 2. Clinical Manifestations.- 3. Diagnosis.- 4. Treatment.- B. Externally Inflicted Injuries.- 4. Decompression Sickness.- A. Pathophysiology.- B. Clinical Manifestations.- 1. ‘Bends’.- 2. ‘Chokes’.- 3. Skin Manifestations.- 4. Neurocirculatory Manifestations.- C. Diagnosis.- D. Prevention.- E. Treatment.- 5. Aerotitis Media and Aerosinusitis.- A. Aerotitis Media.- 1. Pathophysiology.- 2. Clinical Manifestations.- 3. Diagnosis.- 4. Prevention.- 5. Treatment.- B. Aerosinusitis.- 6. Heat Disorders, Including Dehydration.- A. Classification.- B. Clinical Manifestations.- 1. Heat Syncope.- 2. Heat Edema.- 3. Water-Depletion Heat Exhaustion.- 4. Salt-Depletion Heat Exhaustion.- 5. Heat Cramps.- 6. Prickly Heat.- 7. Anhidrotic Heat Exhaustion.- 8. Heatstroke.- 9. Heat Hyperpyrexia.- 10. Acute Heat Fatigue.- C. Diagnosis.- D. Prevention.- E. Treatment.- 7. Cold Injury and Hypothermia.- A. Cold Injury.- 1. Pathophysiology.- 2. Clinical Manifestations.- 3. Diagnosis.- 4. Prevention.- 5. Treatment.- B. Hypothermia.- 1. Pathophysiology and Clinical Manifestations.- 2. Diagnosis.- 3. Prevention.- 4. Treatment.- 8. Medical Problems due to Particle and Droplet Contamination of the Spacecraft-Cabin Atmosphere.- A. Introduction.- 1. Sources.- 2. Preventive, Control and Protective Measures.- 3. Predicted Medical Problems.- B. Eye Problems.- 1. Foreign Bodies.- 2. Chemicals.- C. Respiratory Tract Problems.- 1. Predictions.- 2. Acute Chemical Inflammation of the Upper Respiratory Tract.- 3. Intranasal Foreign Body.- 4. Aspirated Foreign Body.- 5. Acute Chemical Inflammation of the Lower Respiratory Tract.- 9. Urinary Calculus.- A. Weightlessness and Bone Metabolism.- B. Urinary Calculus Formation.- 1. Components of a Urinary Calculus.- 2. Basic Mechanisms of Urinary Calculus Formation.- 3. Factors influencing Urinary Calculus Formation.- C. Clinical Manifestations.- D. Diagnosis.- E. Prevention.- F. Treatment.- 10. Medical Implications of Cardiovascular Adaptations to Weightlessness.- A. Cardiovascular Adaptations.- B. Medical Implications.- C. Protective Measures.- 11. Acute Radiation Effects.- A. Space Radiation Hazards.- 1. Trapped (Van Allen) Radiation.- 2. Artificial Radiation Belts.- 3. Galactic Cosmic Radiation.- 4. Radiation Sources on Spacecraft.- 5. Solar Electromagnetic Radiation.- 6. Solar Particulate Radiation.- a. Solar ‘Wind’.- b. Solar Flares.- B. Acute Ionizing Radiation Effects.- 1. Clinical Picture following a Highly Penetrating Exposure in the LD50 Range.- a. Initial, or Prodromal Phase.- b. Latent Phase.- c. Bone-Marrow Depression Phase.- d. Recovery Phase.- 2. Skin Manifestations.- C. Diagnosis.- D. Prevention.- E. Treatment.- 12. Injuries from Meteoroid Penetration.- A. Meteoroid Hazard.- B. Injuries from Meteoroid Penetration of a Spacecraft-Cabin Wall.- 1. Light (Flash) Injury.- 2. Burns.- 3. Blast Injuries.- 4. Penetrating Injuries.- C. Meteoroid Penetration of the Space Suit.- 13. Burns.- A. Thermal Burns.- 1. Characteristics.- 2. Diagnosis.- 3. Treatment.- a. Minor Burns.- b. Major Burns.- c. Respiratory Tract Damage.- d. Burns of the Hand.- B. Electrical Burns.- 1. Characteristics.- 2. Treatment.- C. Chemical Burns.- 1. Characteristics.- 2. Treatment.- 14. Injuries from Mechanical Forces.- A. Causes.- B. Prevention.- C. Diagnosis.- D. Treatment.- 1. Closed Wounds.- 2. Open Wounds.- 15. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Toxicity.- A. Acute CO2 Toxicity.- 1. Pathophysiology.- 2. Clinical Manifestations.- 3. Diagnosis.- 4. Prevention.- 5. Treatment.- B. Chronic CO2 Toxicity.- 1. Pathophysiology.- 2. Clinical Manifestations.- 3. Diagnosis.- 4. Prevention.- 5. Treatment.- 16. General Aspects of Medical Management.- A. Diagnostic Techniques and Therapeutic Measures.- B. Medical Competence.

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