This book consists of state-of-the-art information regarding the extensive field of Space Science. Space Science is a vast term which describes the distinct fields of research in science related to the study of the Universe, usually excluding Earth's atmosphere. These include physics and astronomy, aerospace engineering, spacecraft technologies, advanced computing and radio communication systems. This book is a distinct publication on space science, providing significant information compiled through a scientifically rigorous process. The book has been strategically structured to take the reader on a fascinating journey beginning from the very surface of earth and extending up to the periphery of this universe. It provides an updated review on space exploration along with analyzing the role of upcoming nations. An overview on Earth's initial evolution during its ancient ice age has also been provided in the book. Towards the end, a revaluation of some of the aspects of planetary dynamics and satellites has also been provided, followed by interesting discourses on new advances in cosmology and physics of cosmic microwave background radiation.