The recent 50th anniversaries of the first human spaceflights by the Soviet Union and the United States, and the 30th anniversary of the launching of the first U.S. Space Shuttle mission, have again brought to mind the pioneering accomplishments of the first quarter century of humans in space. Historians, political scientists and others have extensively examined the technical, programmatic and political history of human spaceflight from the 1960s to the 1980s, but work is only beginning on the social and cultural history of the pioneering era. One rapidly developing area of recent scholarship is the examination of the images of spacefarers in the media, government propaganda and popular culture. How was space travel imagined in the visual media on the cusp of human spaceflights? How were astronauts and cosmonauts represented in official and quasi-official media portraits? And how were those images reproduced and transformed by in the imagination of film-makers, movie producers, popular writers, and novelists?
Spacefarers addresses these questions with nine contributions from scholars in the field of aerospace history, Russian and American history, and English literature. These essays are preceded by an introduction by the editor, who discusses their place in the historiography of spaceflight and social and cultural history. The book will have potential appeal to a wide variety of scholars in history, literature and the social sciences and will include a number of striking visual images.
|Publisher:||Smithsonian Institution Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.42(w) x 9.16(h) x 0.84(d)|
About the Author
Michael J. Neufeld is a Museum Curator in the Space History Division of the National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution. From 2007 to 2011 he served as Division Chair. Born and raised in Canada, he has four history degrees, including a PhD from Johns Hopkins University in 1984. Dr. Neufeld has written three books, The Skilled Metalworkers of Nuremberg (1989), The Rocket and the Reich (1995), and Von Braun (2007). He has edited three others, Planet Dora by Yves Béon (1997), The Bombing of Auschwitz (2000, with Michael Berenbaum) and Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (2010, with Alex Spencer).
Table of Contents
Introduction Michael J. Neufeld 1
Chapter 1 Setting the Scene for Human Spaceflights: Men into Space and The Man and the Challenge Margaret A. Weitekamp 9
Chapter 2 "Capsules Are Swallowed": The Mythology of the Pilot in American Spaceflight Matthew H. Hersch 35
Chapter 3 Noslalgia for the Right Stuff: Astronauts and Public Anxiety about a Changing Nation James Spjller 81
Chapter 4 The Fiftieth Jubilee: Yuri Gagarin in the Soviet and Post-Soviet Imagination Andrew Jenks 81
Chapter 5 Astronauts and Cosmonauts into Frenchmen: Understanding Space Travel through the Popular Weekly Paris Match Guiliaume de Syon 107
Chapter 6 They May Remake Our Image of Mankind: Representations of Cosmonauts and Astronauts in Soviet and American Space Propaganda Magazines, 1961-1981 Trevor S. Rockwell 125
Chapter 7 Bringing Spaceflight Down to Earth: Astronauts and The IMAX Experience® Valerie Neal 149
Chapter 8 You've Come a Long Way, Maybe: The First Six Women .Astronauts and the Media Jennifer Ross-Nazzal 175
Chapter 9 Warriors and Worriers: Risk, Masculinity, and the Anxiety of Individuality in the Literature of American Spaceflight Margaret Lazarus Dean 203
Selected Bibliography 229